Doctor insights on:
Intracellular And Extracellular Diplococci
Mycobacteria: Mycobacterium intracellulare is something of a difficult bacterium to treat. Depending on the site of infection, you either need an Infectious Diseases specialist or a lung specialist. Sometimes you need both! Usually this germ attacks those that are weakened — either by disease (cancer, AIDS) or some structural problem — such as damaged airways from smoking. There is good treatment, though. ...Read more
Intracellular germs: Some types of germs can only grow inside of human cells, whereas others may not have to. It depends on the unique metabolic features of each germ. We call these "obligate intracellular" organisms. Viruses are a great example. Some bacterial species include Chlamydia, Rickettsia, and Coxiella. There are protozoa too like Plasmodium spp. (which cause malaria), plus Toxoplasma and Cryptosporidium ...Read more
Can intracellular proteins be stained by the same protocol used to stain t & b cells? What are your expert opinions?
Yes: In order to stain cellular proteins a monoclonal antibody must be produced against the protein. This antibody is prepared for use in a kit utilizing immunoperoxidase where a stain is attached to the antibody and the sectioned tissue undergoes the immunohistochemical procedure to allow visualization of the protein. ...Read more
Hi Dr, what does these means from lab report: No yeast cells, Trichomonas vaginalis or gram negative intracellular diplococci or clue cells seen.
Details matter: It means a lab technician looked at a sample (likely from a vagina) and did not see yeast cells (many yeast cells would mean vaginal thrush), did not see Trichomonas (those would be tiny swimmers with 5 tails), did not see gram negative diplococci (those could be gonorrhea), did not see clue cells (clue cells with a malodorous vagina would be bacterial vaginosis). So, NOT seeing these is good. ...Read more
Can capsids of extracellular viruses be probed with antibody after permeabalization with tritonx 100? Help please?
If cell membrane rupture, can contents flowing out of the ruptured cell react with compounds in the extracellular fluid to form another compound? Why?
Yes: Yes. That is chemistry. In a living organism it is Biology/ Physiology. Happens all the time e.g. Malaria Parasite getting into the body through a Mosquito Bite (Extracellular), the parasites traveling to the liver & infecting Red Blood Cells (Intracellular) which then Burst from much parasite multiplication. Others like HIV AIDS as well. ...Read more
If an organ was punched hardly, will a cell burst or its membrane rupture such that cellular content will flow out into the extracellular fluid?
Yes: There are a variety of options depending on the organ but with, this can happen ...Read more
Is there a more accurate way to detect magnesium&calcium levels since 99% are intracellular and only 1%in blood. Sounds serum levels are not reliable
YES! : Good question. One can measure intracellular magnesium levels. The easiest is red blood cells, which is ok for mag but not so much for calcium. Even better is white blood cell mag. But again not good for calcium. The best is levels in epithelial cells from a scraping done under your tongue but it is pricey- see http://www.Exatest. Com/, the website of the only lab I know that does this test. ...Read more
What does this mean? Elongation of the papillae, basal cell hyperplasia, intracellular edema, and focal degranulation of eosinophils
While palpating, I pressed my caput epididymis very hard. Will some cell in rete testis burst or intracellular fluid flow out of broken cell membrane?
Doubt damage: It seems unlikely that pressing or pinching the epididymis would do more than cause bruising and irritation. If there is swelling/pain, wearing tight jockey shorts and sitting in a warm bathtub (not necessarily at the same time...) would be good first aid. If problems continue, consult your doctor or an urgent care. ...Read more
Unlikely: No way to test, however the cell wall pumps work against the external gradient, so unlikely they would be able to work extra hard against the range where they should maintain homeostasis. ...Read more
Does a basic metabolic panel show serum or intracellular potassium levels? How is hypokalemia diagnosed?
Rare: In that context, it usually means there are not many of them present ...Read more
No. Of course not.: Not a good thing to do. The intentional habit of inhaling burning organic material, combined with various chemicals used in the growing and manufacturing of that material (regardless of whether it is tobacco, marijuana, or any other plant) is bad for the body. Just think about it. Who would intentionally start something burning and inhale the stuff over and over and over? ...Read more
Not if inside us...: Lead is naturally occurring on earth. Outside of our bodies, lead is not a problem. If we eat or drink too much of it, it becomes a toxic contaminant inside our bodies. Lead is everywhere in our industrialized world, which means one shouldn't worry too much about it, but be sure our families are not eating or drinking things containing lead, nor using lead-contaminated containers or toys. ...Read more
See below: First of all, I don't suggest getting "fat" as it brings about many hazards. But if you are underweight and want to gain weight, do so by increasing your calorie intake. You need to consume more calories than you burn. Don't do this by eating a lot of junk food. Make sure you're getting all your essential nutrients. Also, you can gain muscle mass by weight lifting or other activities like that. ...Read more
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Sex is Part of Life: Sex is a very important part of our human experience. Sex can be used to enhance life, bring life to the world, to heal and enhance relationships. All forms of sexual activity can be used to be healthy but they can be misused and cause hurt and pain. But, being sexual is going to be part of your life experience and there is nothing unhealthy about being curious and learning. ...Read more