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Doctor insights on: Intestinal Anthrax

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What is anthrax?

What is anthrax?

Bacterial infection: Infectious disease caused by bacteria called bacillus anthracis. Called woolsorter's disease because those at highest risk work around hoofed animals such as sheep, cattle, goats. Infection in humans most often involves the skin, gastrointestinal tract, or lungs. Can be treated with certain antibiotics. Can be fatal if not treated. ...Read more

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Intestine (Definition)

The gastrointestinal tract starts at the mouth, travel down the tunnel (esophagus), which connects to the stomach, which then empties into the duodenum, jejunum, and ileum---the three parts of the small intestine (@25 feet). This empties into the colon or large intestine (about 5 feet), which then becomes the sigmoid colon, rectum and out the anus. So, every morsel eaten ...Read more


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How deadly is anthrax?

How deadly is anthrax?

Very: Skin, gastrointestinal and pulmonary anthrax are increasingly deadly in the order listed. Pulmonary anthrax, once it becomes apparent, is lethal in almost all cases. ...Read more

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What is the treatment for anthrax?

Antibiotics: Ciprofloxacin/ levofloxacin/ doxicycline & penicillin are primary treatments for anthrax. Duration of rx depends on setting. See www.Bt.Cdc.Gov/agent/anthrax. ...Read more

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What are best lab tests for anthrax?

This is moot: Anthrax organisms grow on culture. However, a physician must suspect anthrax and treat, because it is likely to kill you -- especially the inhaled form -- before the lab result is back. ...Read more

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What are the types of anthrax infection?

What are the types of anthrax infection?

GI- lung-skin: Mortality rate for untreated cutaneous (skin) anthrax is 10 -20 percent but less than 1% with correct antibiotic tx. The mortality rate for inhalation (pulmonary) anthrax is around 75% (50 - 90 %) even with antibiotic therapy. Mortality rate for gastrointestinal anthrax is about 50 % (25 -60%). Effect of early antibiotic tx is uncertain for gi. Meningitis due to anthrax is about 100% fatal. ...Read more

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What are the symptoms of anthrax poison?

Bacterial infection: Anthrax is a bacterial infection with three major types of manifestations, in order or severity, cutaneous, gastrointestinal and pulmonary. Pulmonary infection, once it becomes apparent as pneumonia is usually lethal. Gi type causes severe bloody diarrhea and skin forms presents as an ulcer with fever. ...Read more

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How can our immune system fight anthrax?

Vaccination: A vaccine for anthrax was available a while ago and was given to military personnel. For microbial diseases, vaccination is the best way to support the immune system to fight the infection. ...Read more

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How anthrax can cause respiratory attack?

How anthrax can cause respiratory attack?

Anthrax: The anthrax infection begins in the mediastinum and produces toxins which kill nearby cells. As more cells are infected and die, swelling and bleeding occur. Toxins spread throughout the body affecting organs and causing the organs to fail. When organs begin to fail, the disease has become fatal. ...Read more

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What to do if do about inhalation anthrax?

Antibiotics: Anthrax is treated with antibiotics. Mortality rate for inhalation anthrax is 50 to 90 % even w antibiotic therapy. ...Read more

Dr. Helle Lukk
171 doctors shared insights

Anthrax (Definition)

Anthrax is an infectious disease caused by the bacteria Bacillus anthracis. There is a variety of symptoms, most of which involve the skin, ...Read more


Bowel (Definition)

The bowel is the intestinal tract in the body. The small intestine ...Read more