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Doctor insights on: Interleukin 2

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Dr. Steve Martinez
753 doctors shared insights

Interleukin 2 (Overview)

Interleukin-2 is a cancer-related immune system affecting agent which is a kind of cancer drug.


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Is there acinar cell loss in type 2 diabetes ?

Is there acinar cell loss in type 2 diabetes ?

See below: The reason why acinar cells become atrophic is not clear, most evidence points to an important role of Insulin as a trophic agent, although other factors including autoimmunity against exocrine tissue and vascular damage (microangiopathy) cannot be excluded. ...Read more

Dr. Steve Martinez
753 doctors shared insights

Interleukin 2 (Overview)

Interleukin-2 is a cancer-related immune system affecting agent which is a kind of cancer drug.


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What makes interleukin-2 and what makes interferon gamma? Are they both made by t-lymphocytes?

What makes interleukin-2 and what makes interferon gamma?  Are they both made by t-lymphocytes?

Yes: Interleukin 2 (aldesleukin) is made by t-cells and is important for the growth of other t-cells. Interferon gamma is made by both t cells and natural killer cells and is part of the innate immune response. ...Read more

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Is low WBC common 16 days after ivig? Wbc 2.7; abs neut .62; %'s seg23; lymph60; eosin7. History - WBC 3.5; abs neut 2.6; %'s seg74; lymph15; eosin 0

Is low WBC common 16 days after ivig? Wbc 2.7; abs neut .62; %'s seg23; lymph60; eosin7. History - WBC 3.5; abs neut 2.6; %'s seg74; lymph15; eosin 0

Possibly, : Neutropenia could be one of the complications, with some risks fir infection, however low. Talk to your immunologist or pcp. Thus article may help some what..., http://www.Ncbi.Nlm.Nih.Gov/m/pubmed/14646610/. ...Read more

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7mm round firm node on chin above jawline. 2 sub centermeter nodes at lower neck. biopsy 3 mths ago on level 2 node indicates follicular hyperplasia.

7mm round firm node on chin above jawline. 2 sub centermeter nodes at lower neck. biopsy 3 mths ago on level 2 node indicates follicular hyperplasia.

Question?: Not sure what the question is here. Sounds like the diagnosis has been made already. Pretty large lymph nodes for follicular hyperplasia. Was treatment recommended or prescribed? ...Read more

Dr. Liawaty Ho Dr. Ho
1 doctor agreed:
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CML 10/12. Gleevec .5 log at 6 mths. Sprycel (dasatinib) .5 log at 6 mths. Stem cell transplant 4/14. 7/14 Blast crisis - 65% blast BM + Aspergillus F lung Help?

Dr. Liawaty Ho Dr. Ho
1 doctor agreed:
CML 10/12. Gleevec .5 log at 6 mths. Sprycel (dasatinib) .5 log at 6 mths. Stem cell transplant 4/14.  7/14 Blast crisis - 65% blast BM + Aspergillus F lung Help?

Difficult case: it is a complicated case obviously. first and foremost the infection has to be treated. i would suggest you to follow up with ID and oncologist very closely. importantly is to check if there is certain mutation like T315i mutation as this mutation is resistant to gleevec, sprycel, tasigna (nilotinib) - and should be treated with ponatinib or aurora kinase inhibitor etc. discuss with oncologist. God bless ...Read more

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For 58+ F, Hb 10.8, RBC 3.66, PCV 34, MCV 94, MCHC 31, WBC 5.4, Pt 1.8, Iron 57, TIBC 255, TSI 22, RC 1.2, Ferritin 83 indicate which type of anemia ?

For 58+ F, Hb 10.8, RBC 3.66, PCV 34, MCV 94, MCHC 31, WBC 5.4, Pt 1.8, Iron 57, TIBC 255, TSI 22, RC 1.2, Ferritin 83 indicate which type of anemia ?

Mild anemia: Assuming you've had no recent bleeding episodes, these findings could be seen in mild/early anemia of chronic disease. Hgb and Hct are only boarder line low, and iron panel appears within the reference range. Even something as simple as a particularly heavy period could cause mild anemia of this type, though. If you have a chronic medical illness, it could cause this type of anemia. ...Read more

Dr. Al Hegab Dr. Hegab
2 doctors agreed:
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2 yr old-cough for 1 & 1/2month. Claritin (loratadine) 2 ml 1 week-cefdenir 3.5ml 10 days-bromphen 2 ml.no use. Can I use allerid 2.5 ml?have used in 2014-2.5 ml

Dr. Al Hegab Dr. Hegab
2 doctors agreed:
2 yr old-cough for 1 & 1/2month. Claritin (loratadine) 2 ml  1 week-cefdenir 3.5ml 10 days-bromphen 2 ml.no use. Can I use allerid 2.5 ml?have used in 2014-2.5 ml

Don't use more meds: Kindly see your doctor again, ask for a second opinion, it's your right, or see an allergist/Immunologist, other reasons for your child's cough can be reflux, airways hyper reactivity, again sinus infection that might need different form of antibiotics, environmental causes, like second hand smoke or pets, and other reasons, check aaaai.org or acaai.org for an allergist in your area, good luck, ...Read more

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Mcv 69.6(L) rdw cv 22.2(H) platelets 415(H) neutrophils 28(L) lymphocytes 60.6(H) abs neutrophils 2.6(L) anisocytosis (marked) ovalocytes (slight) 11m?

Mcv 69.6(L) rdw cv 22.2(H) platelets 415(H) neutrophils 28(L) lymphocytes 60.6(H) abs neutrophils 2.6(L) anisocytosis (marked) ovalocytes (slight) 11m?

Is this new?: If your previous CBC's have been okay, I'd address whether you are iron deficient (which seems likely) and if so why (your physician can address this with you), follow the very mild neutropenia (not a danger yet) and since the anisocytosis is marked, ask whether the lab's pathologist might be good enough to look at the smear. ...Read more

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Is bone marrow transplantation is curative for chronic myeloid leukemia caused by (Philadelphia chromosome) ?

Is bone marrow transplantation is curative for chronic myeloid leukemia caused by (Philadelphia chromosome) ?

Yes: In 70 to 80 percent of cases. The availability of tyrosine kinase inhibitors such as gleevec (imatinib) has moved transplant to 3rd line treatment ...Read more

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88 yr old mother has suffered numerous uti's and attendant confusion. Resistance 2 bathing appears 2 b the current cause. Help, please?

88 yr old mother has suffered numerous uti's and attendant confusion. Resistance 2 bathing appears 2 b the current cause. Help, please?

See urologist: Your mom needs a complete anatomic evaluation including ct of the kidneys looking for stones or obstruction and cystoscopy looking at bladder lining. Her urologist will also make sure she empties her bladder as stagnant urine is a big risk factor for recurrent uti. Bathtubs should be safe. ...Read more

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Chloride 94.9 L, Anion Gap 16.1 H, AST 58 H, Immature Granulocytes ABS 0.01 H,Ketones urine SMALL NEG. A, specific gravity urine <1.005 L. ?

Chloride 94.9 L, Anion Gap 16.1 H, AST 58 H, Immature Granulocytes ABS 0.01 H,Ketones urine SMALL NEG. A, specific gravity urine <1.005 L. ?

Plan: It's not clear what you want to know. To explain your abnormalities we need to know your primary condition. Your doctor who know your clinical symptoms and your previous results should explain it to you. ...Read more

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Question about people with a diagnosis of bipolar. Are the 2 phases 2 semi-separate personalities?

Question about people with a diagnosis of bipolar. Are the 2 phases 2 semi-separate personalities?

No: The two phases are due to abnormalities is separate brain structures. There is no personality "separation." it can look that way because the mood changes are often unpredictable and quite different. ...Read more

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Is SIRT worth doing for liver liver metastases 1x 7 cm 1x 6 cm 8 under 2 cm?

Is SIRT worth doing for liver liver metastases 

1x 7 cm
1x 6 cm
8 under 2 cm?

Yes: Multiple liver lesions can be treated by a number of approaches because what is in liver will not spread. Originally ligation of hepatic artery was used since portal vein supplies hepatocytes and hepatic artery the metastatic tumors.Can be used with SIRT which is a form of RT treatment wherein a dose of SIR-Spheres® microspheres are delivered up to 40 times higher than conventional doses. ...Read more

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Are the WBC results 15.6, 14.4, 11.4, 13.5, 12.7, 16.7, 14.4 13.3, 12.4, 15.3, 13.9, 14.4 & 17.8 slightly, moderately or highly elevated in general?

Are the WBC results 15.6, 14.4, 11.4, 13.5, 12.7, 16.7, 14.4 13.3, 12.4, 15.3, 13.9, 14.4 & 17.8 slightly, moderately or highly elevated in general?

Blood tests: There are a few diseases that leap out from blood tests. Most of the time, however, blood tests don't tell the doctor much on their own. These results fall into the second group. Good health to you. It is reassuring that the results do not consistently keep rising. ...Read more

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Dear sir, my mother was suffering from brest cancer and her reports are metaplastic carcinoma with spindling &squamous metaplasia grade 3 suggest me?

Dear sir, 
my mother  was suffering from brest cancer and her reports are
metaplastic carcinoma with spindling &squamous metaplasia grade 3  suggest me?

Rare Breast Cancer: Metaplastic breast cancer is quite rare, representing less than 1% of all breast cas. It is so-named based upon its microscopic appearance. While the tendency is for these to be "aggressive" cancers, treatment and survival are based on the cancer stage, just like any other breast cancer. Once your mother recovers from her surgery, she will be referred to a medical oncologist for rx planning. ...Read more

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19 months old anisocytosis 1+, microcytes 1+, ovalocytes 1+, poikilocitosis 1+, RBC count high 5.6(4-5.2), MCV low 68(70-86), rdw.Rbc high 19.8(12-16)?

19 months old anisocytosis 1+, microcytes 1+, ovalocytes 1+, poikilocitosis 1+, RBC count high 5.6(4-5.2), MCV low 68(70-86), rdw.Rbc high 19.8(12-16)?

Iron deficiency: Without having more a picture of what is going on, those numbers would be consistent with iron deficiency, especially given the age of the child. Iron studies should be performed to confirmed. Does the child drink a significant amount of milk (>18 oz per day)? A trial of oral iron (not just what is found in multivitamins) would be a reasonable thing to try. ...Read more

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Alt elevated (76, 63) after 2 blood tests and increased parenchymal echogenicity on us. Nafld or nash?

Alt elevated (76, 63) after 2 blood tests and increased parenchymal echogenicity on us. Nafld or nash?

Continue workup: Now would be a great time to get really into aerobic fitness -- this is likely to reverse nash / nafld. You'll get checked for hepatitis c, wilson's, hemochromatosis, autoimmune hepatitis and a few others. Trust you're not taking meds or that they have been ruled out as causing the problems. ...Read more

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Dr. Andrew Berry
13 doctors shared insights

Aldesleukin (Definition)

Aldesleukin is a cancer-related immune system affecting agent which is a ...Read more