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Doctor insights on: Initial Hiv Infection Symptoms

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Dr. Jeffrey Stevens
16 doctors shared insights

Hiv (Definition)

Hiv infection is caused by a retrovirus....This retrovirus binds to CD4 cells (for the most part). You may detect the virus by several different methods. An elisa test (enzyme linked immunosorbent assay). You may also detect it by doing a test referred to as a western blot (a gel protein electrophoresis). Thirdly by pcr (polymerase chain reaction) which ...Read more


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What are primary HIV infection symptoms?

What are primary HIV infection symptoms?

Flu-like symptoms.: The majority of people infected by HIV develop a flu-like illness within a month or two after exposure. This illness, known as primary or acute HIV infection, may last for a few weeks. Symptoms include: fever, muscle soreness, rash, headache, sore throat, mouth or genital ulcers, swollen lymph glands, joint pain, night sweats, and diarrhea. Not everyone with HIV has all symptoms. ...Read more

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Test for or infection with human immunodeficiency virus hiv?

Test for or infection with human immunodeficiency virus hiv?

HIV testing: There are several HIV tests. We usually check what is called an elisa blood/oral test. It's very sensitive & specific but misses early, early infection (<15-20 days). In us we confirm a + elisa w/a test called a western blot (looks for HIV specific proteins). Other countries just use elisa x2. For acute HIV infection we measure viral RNA in blood. Can be falsely + so needs expert evaluation. ...Read more

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Is diarrhea an acute HIV symptom?

Is diarrhea an acute HIV symptom?

Not usually: Low grade fever, enlarged lymph nodes and malaise are the common initial symptoms, but diarrhea can also occur. However, diarrhea is more common later in the course of hiv. ...Read more

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Are the aids infection and HIV infection different?

Are the aids infection and HIV infection different?

No, HIV causes AIDS: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is the virus that causes progressive destruction of the immune system, which can lead to acquired immune deficiency syndrome (aids). As the immune system declines, a person can get one of 20+ opportunistic infections associated with aids. A person can also have aids if their cd4 or t-cell count (marker of immune function) is. ...Read more

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Docs, could a HIV positive person get acute retroviral syndrome upon reinfection?

Docs, could a HIV positive person get acute retroviral syndrome upon reinfection?

Yes, theoretically: Yes, it is theoretically possible that someone could get acute retroviral syndrome upon reinfection with another strain of HIV. First of all, reinfection is very, very rare but not impossible. However, reinfection with a second strain (perhaps more powerful than the original strain) theoretically could cause an acute retroviral syndrome as it is a completely new infection altogether. ...Read more

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Need signs and symptoms of bacterial infection?

Need signs and symptoms of bacterial infection?

Location?: You will need to be more specific as to which area of the body you are referring to. One of us can then give you a good answer to your question. Bacteria causes different signs and symptoms in different locations of the body. ...Read more

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What can be initial signs of hanta virus?

Hantavirus: Initial symptoms of hantavirus pulmonary syndrome can include: fever, chills, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhea, headaches and muscular pain. 3 to 7 days later there may be trouble breathing, low blood pressure & productive cough. ...Read more

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Are digestive symptoms sometimes a sign of HIV infection?

Depends: Some symptoms such as unexplained weight loss, chronic diarrhea, or pain with swallowing (odynophagia) may represent an opportunistic infection in a personal with HIV infection. If you have a concern about a digestive symptom and HIV infection, you should talk to your health provider about it and consider being testing for HIV infection. ...Read more

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Symptoms of HIV and aids?

Get tested: Easiest way to tell if you have HIV is to get tested with a quick and easy test. You should see your doctor. ...Read more

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What signs and symptoms differentiate a bacterial vs a viral acute sinus infection?

What signs and symptoms differentiate a bacterial vs a viral acute sinus infection?

Time: Almost all bacterial sinus infections occur following a viral upper respiratory infection. In the first several days following a cold the sinuses inflame due to the viral illness. About 15 to 20% of the time a viral illness becomes bacterial. 7 to 10 days after illness if symptoms persist or worsen with cough, headache, congestion, bacterial is now a likelyhood. ...Read more

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Can a HIV rash appear without fever or the other HIV symptoms? Thank you

Can a HIV rash appear without fever or the other HIV symptoms? Thank you

Yes: The short answer to your question is yes. You may develop a fever without any other symptom. There may be no symptoms at all. ...Read more

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Can HIV infection occur from splash exposure of conjunctiva with HIV infected blood?

Can HIV infection occur from splash exposure of conjunctiva with HIV infected blood?

Yes: Research suggests that the risk of HIV infection in this way is extremely small. A very small number of people - usually in a healthcare setting - have become infected with HIV as a result of blood splashes in the eye. http://bit.ly/lrct39. ...Read more

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Are sore muscles an early HIV symptom?

Could be many things: The more important question is whether you are at risk of HIV infection. HIV risk comes from sharing needles, sex without a protective barrier, or other exposure to blood or body fluids. HIV can present with muscle aches. Usually there is also fever. But muscle soreness can be lots of different things. If you think you might have been exposed to HIV, go get tested. ...Read more

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Can arthritic symtoms occur after antibiotic treatment of lymes disese?

Can arthritic symtoms occur after antibiotic treatment of lymes disese?

In most cases, Lyme: Arthritis does not recur after appropriate therapy for this infection although reinfection can certainly occur. ...Read more

Dr. Patricia Foster
9 doctors shared insights

Infection (Definition)

Infections are invasions of some other organism (fungus, bacteria, parasite) or viruses into places where they do not belong. For instance, we have normal gut bacteria that live within us without causing problems; however, when those penetrate the bowel wall and enter the bloodstream, ...Read more


Dr. Ed Friedlander
1,489 doctors shared insights

Human Immunodeficiency Virus (Definition)

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a lentivirus (a member of the retrovirus family) that causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (aids), [1][2] a condition in humans in which progressive failure of the immune system allows life-threatening opportunistic infections ...Read more