Doctor insights on:
Inherited Emphysema Signs
Alpha one?: Are you referring to alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency? If so, the symptoms are basically the same as copd, they just occur at a younger age than expected (like 20-30s). Symptoms include cough, shortness of breath, wheezing, etc. If the person smokes, the disease is accelerated. Diagnosis is made via a blood test. Treatment includes enzyme replacement as well as usual COPD therapies. ...Read more
COPD may include chronic bronchitis, emphysema, or both. Chronic bronchitis is the production of increased mucus caused by inflammation. Bronchitis is considered chronic if you cough and produce excess mucus most days for three months in a year, two years in a row. Emphysema is a disease that damages the air sacs and/or the smallest breathing tubes in the lungs. ...Read more
Pulmonary Medicine: Inherited emphysema may be caused by any one of several dozen different genetic conditions. Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency is one well known cause: http://ghr.Nlm.Nih.Gov/condition/alpha-1-antitrypsin-deficiency. Your pulmonary doctor will be very familiar with these conditions, can diagnose the exact genetic cause, and will develop a personalized treatment plan for you. If you smoke, stop now. ...Read more
"Inherited": Usually means susceptibility to emphysema due to lack of functional in the protein "alpha-1 trypsin inhibitor" (a1at). This is due to one of several possible mutations in the gene, and only some of those mutations are associated with liver disease. There are no other known genes for "inherited emphysema" that I am aware of, so i can't give you other questions to speak to your doctor about. ...Read more
Classic signs...: Classic signs and symptoms of COPD include shortness of breath, cough (often with sputum production), decreased or increased sleep, decreased appetite, weight loss or weight gain (especially with fluid retention), decreased oxygen level in blood, decreased activity level, etc. The diagnosis is made by seeing chronic obstruction on pulmonary function testing, which can occur without any symptoms. ...Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
Emphysema : The elasticity of the lung is impaired in emphysema reducing the patient's ability to exhale resulting in wheezing and shortness of breath. Early symptoms may also include daily cough particularly in the morning. Recurrent episodes of bronchitis can occur as the disease progresses. Severe emphysema can also cause low oxygen levels, heart failure, and death. ...Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
If I had a CT scan and the told me I was showing signs of mild emphysema, does that mean I have it? Is my prognosis good?
I had a CT done that radiologist stated that I have early signs of emphysema. I haven't smoked in seven years will the emphysema continue to get worse since I don't smoke anymore?
Yes but see below: Ct is not a good way to evaluate emphysema. You should get pulmonary function testing. That will tell you how bad your emphysema really is. Everybody's lung function gets worse with age. The best thing you ever did is quit smoking, that will slow your lung function's decline. Your ct does not necessarily correlate to your functional status or mean that you will be a pulmonary cripple. ...Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
I had a CT scan done. The doctor told me I was showing signs of mild emphysema. Everything I find on the Internet is negative and scary. I wasn't sure what this meant and prognosis.
COPD: Emphysema is a chronic medical condition, most often associated with tobacco smoking. Emphysema or COPD, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is basically an inflammatory response of the lungs to long term exposure to an irritant. If you are a smoker, stop immediately to prevent further progression. Please do not be scared, but instead be informed as to the preventive measures you can take. ...Read more
CT scan showing signs of emphysema-size 3? Dr said just need routine check up and avoid scuba diving. Good sign/normal life expectancy?
Smoking Cessation: The most important thing is to stop the cause, which in the vast majority of cases is smoking-related. Thereafter, treatment focuses on keeping the airways open with medications. There is less room in the lungs (even though they're bigger) for gas exchange, so many of these patients require supplemental oxygen. ...Read more
Possibilities...: Most of the time, COPD is caused by smoking, if you are a non-smoker, there are environmental exposures that can contribute so what type of work you do may be relevant. There is also a form of COPD, alpha1 antitrypsin deficiency, which is caused by an enzyme deficiency. This can be diagnosed via a blood test and the enzyme can be replaced so the disease won't progress further. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
COPD: Emphysema is a form of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (copd). It is characterized by chronic obstruction in the airways usually due to smoking. Symptoms include shortness of breath, coughing, wheezing, etc. The diagnosis is made by an evaluation by a doctor as well as pulmonary function tests. There are treatments available. Smoking cessation is important to prevent further lung damage. ...Read moreSee 3 more doctor answers
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