Doctor insights on:
Inflammation Of The Membranes Around The Brain And Spinal Cord
Which malfunction is caused by the inflammation of the membranes surrounding the brain and spinal cord?
Inflammation is the body's attempt at self-protection; the aim being to remove harmful stimuli, including damaged cells, irritants, or pathogens - and begin the healing process. Inflammation is part of the complex biological response of vascular tissues to harmful stimuli, such as pathogens, ...Read more
I've heard that the brain, spinal cord and other central nervous system tissue is where mad cow disease is found. Would steak be ok to eat?
Well... muscles cont: Contain nerves. I would not eat any part of the cow that had mad cow. But... Eating the brain and spinal cord or tail (which contains the spinal cord) would obviously be worse than a slice of steak. ...Read more
Menigeal: Carcinomatosis (if a cancer) or lymphomtous or leukemic menigitis. The former carries a poor prognosis. It is addressed in children with cranio-spinal irradiation and intr-thecal chemotherapy. In adults with solid tumors, it is a mark of quite advanced disease, causes cranial neuropathy, and weakness. Rarely only site of disease. ...Read more
Inflammation: Definition of inflammation of the spinal cord could be a very long list of causes. But in short inflammation is some sort of irritation to the cord that can be caused by infection, injection of foreign materials or even bleeding into the area around the cord. It is a very general terminology and in a diagnostic workup would have to be more focused on what might the causes of the inflammation. ...Read more
My daughter has been diagnosed with inflammation of the brain membrane through a CT scan but the lumbar puncture came back clear. What could cause thi?
Not quite correct: For years, it was felt that nerve cells would not heal. If the cell body dies (apoptosis), it does not resurrect. If the nerve fibre axon is transected, it will not reconnect. But the myelin covering can regenerate, and the brain can employ alternative pathway connections with time. ...Read more
When someone steps on your toes, this information is carried to the brain and spinal cord by what mechanism?
Sensory nerves: Was there a quiz today?Get a more detailed answer ›
Go to ER now: An infection of the area surrounding the brain can cause meningitis- fever, stiff neck, headache, and changes in conciousness. An infection within the brain itself is encephalitis- causing changes in personality, level of conciousness, and even seizures or other abnormal movements. These conditions are both very life-threatening, but treatable, and should be evaluated by a physician immediately. ...Read more
Glutamate receptors: Glutamate is the major excitatory neurotransmitter in the cns, and could be expressed elsewhere in body, but the receptor description used above is designed to study brain pathways pre-dominantly, and has not be studied extensively othewise. Nmda antagonism is mechanism of several drugs, but to date, no successful ampa agonist. ...Read more
If a neurological examination is normal, do that mean that there is no problem with your brain and spinal cord?
Neuro exam: That is normal is a very good thing. If you still have symptoms consider a second opinion w/another doctor. Also look into natural and non-invasive treatments if doc is ok w/them. A health psychologist will know about them. Peace and good health. ...Read more
Hemorrhage: Most of the damage of an arteriovenous malformation occurs when the blood vessel or vessels are spontaneously ruptured and bleed into the brain, causing pressure and damage to the brain. The same can occur with an av malformation in the brain stem or spine. ...Read more
Can't answer: Specifically. Evaluation for tumor and infection would be reasonable reasons. Certain congenital issues such as chiari malformations would also prompt these studies. ...Read more
Brain: Stroke is a condition that primarily affects the brain. There are ischemic strokes where a particular blood vessel is blocked and the part of the brain that is perfused is deprived of blood/oxygen and then dies. There are hemorrhagic strokes where there is the accumulation of blood in the brain (intracerebral hemorrhage)or aneuysmal bleed where the blood spills out into the outer layers of the brain. ...Read more
Almost correct: The gray matter (nervous system tissue with cell bodies) is inside the cord, surrounded by white matter (axons: nerve fibers going to & from the brain). While there is gray matter on the surface of the brain, it is also present in collections deep inside the brain. The organization of the central nervous system is quite complex. ...Read more
Does happen: Far less common presentation, but several patients may have initial lesions in spinal cord. However, here's the main challenge: a condition called neuro-myelitis optica might present this way also, and the drugs for ms would make things worse, so get an aquaporin 4 study to make things more precise. ...Read more
Prion: Prions are proteins that have changed conformation, so that the normal function of the protein inside the cells won't work. The prions' also causes other normal proteins to misfold and make more prions, spreading the process. The prions affect many cells in the body, but they particularly harm nerve cells in the brain, causing progressive rapid degeneration. They are not alive, and have no dna. ...Read more
How do people get paralyzed below the waist? Is the cause from a nerve in the brain or spinal cord?
Spinal cord: This is from a spinal cord injury in the thoracic spine. ...Read more
What nerve comes out of the brain stem, goes down the length of the spinal cord, and then loops back through the spine and goes back into the brain?
Fiberoptic cables: Like phone cords, the brain connects down through the brainstem by tracts like fiberoptic cables connecting the motor/sensory areas of the brain to the areas of the spinal cord sending out nerves to your body. Long and very complex but wonderfully made! ...Read more
No: Spinal cord injury affects portions of the body b elow the site of the injury. The brain is not affected, but these injuries are frequently very disturbing and sometimes dangerous. The person suffering from this can be depressed and needing of assistance in many other ways. ...Read more
Can MS show lesions only in the brain and not in the spinal cord? And what type of MS would this be?
See below: If you have optic neuritis and suspicious lesions in the brain, you have a very high chance of having multiple sclerosis. The absence of lesions in spinal cord is not exclusionary. Although other disorders may cause your issues, would get diagnosis confirmed, and start a potent MS agent ASAP, if that seems to be answer. ...Read more
Can MS lesions be just in spinal cord not brain or visa versa? Also does MS always show up in spinal fluid?
Good questions: MS lesions may either be in the brain or the spinal cord, or in both. Sometimes, rarely, they are not found in either location. Evidence does not always appear in the spinal fluid. These are not perfect tests, but in most cases, they will help give the answer. ...Read more
Medulloblastoma: Medulloblastoma is a tumor that sheds cells which can float throughout the spinal fluid space around the brain and spinal cord. If the tumor sheds these cells then they can migrate anywhere along the brain and spinal cord. ...Read more
Spine Tumor: A tumor in the spinal cord itself is unlikely to effect the brain unless the tumor type spread from the brain (this is uncommon) or is metastatic tumor from elsewhere in the body (extremely uncommon). The majority of intramedullary tumors are astrocytomas or ependymomas. ...Read more
Please tell me what can happen to the brain if one has a rather large intramedullary spinal cord tumor?
Should be separate: The brain and the intramedullary spinal cord tumor should be separate entities, unless the tumor is very high in the cervical spine at the base of the skull. In this case, the tumor can invade the brainstem and lead to brainstem symptoms like apnea, trouble swallowing, double vision, coma and death. ...Read more
What could possible cause this on MRI- subtle changes centre of spinal cord t8/9/10, brain and full spine normal?
Is it possible to crack the skull and preserve the brain at low temperatures? Without brain dying and the whole spinal cord.
Hmmmm..: Not sure how to answer. Many an unfortunate individual has actually cracked their head in the snow and been preserved for several hours with complete recovery. How long were you proposing to preserve things? There is no way to remove the brain from the body without detaching the spinal cord - this would be a major stumbling block to preserving anything of use.... ...Read more
Hi I am 50 year old female who has a dawsons finger on my brain and also 3 lesions on my spinal cord. My doctor says he thinks I have grumbling ms?
You might.: Dawson fingers are a radiographic feature depicting demyelinating plaques through the corpus callosum arranged at right angles along medullary veins. They look like fingers on the MRI. Specific sign for MS. Sings of Multiple Sclerosis. Note there are many treatment options for MS and specialists. ...Read more
What location would you puncture spinal cord to draw cerebrospinal fluid if brain has an infection?
Not the spinal cord:
Lumbar puncture is done below the spinal cord itself, usually between 3rd and 4th or 4th and 5th lumbar vertebrae. Spinal cord ends at about first lumbar vertebra but the membranes containing cerebrospinal fluid extend below that. See this site for more info.
http://www. Mayoclinic. Com/health/lumbar-puncture/my00982. ...Read more
Hi I had a chiari malformation with removak off tonsils, I have a cyst coving my spinal cord right next to brain stem, I have severe crap pain today?
Where does a doctor puncture spinal cord to draw cerebrospinal fluid if brain a person has a brain infection?
Below L4: Below l4, where the cord has already divided into the branches of the tail. ...Read more
Spinal cord lesion on t3/4, negative brain mri, positive for oligoclonal banding. Neurologist says ms. Can this be with negative brain mri?
Can occur: Although less common, isolated spinal cord involvement can be seen in absence of demonstrable brain lesions. But make certain that you do no have NMO presenting atypically, and an anti-aquaporin blood test can help confirm diagnosis. ...Read more
Are there many people with spinal tumors and what can cause it I have a tumor inside my spinal cord from my brainstem to my hips. It is on the front of my spine but inside the cord. What are some things that could have caused it to just appear all of a su
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- Inflammation of the membranes surrounding the brain and spinal cord
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