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Doctor insights on: Inflammation Of The Membranes Around The Brain And Spinal Cord

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Which malfunction is caused by the inflammation of the membranes surrounding the brain and spinal cord?

Which malfunction is caused by the inflammation of the membranes surrounding the brain and spinal cord?

Meningitis: This can be very mild with headache to severe and lifethreatening with high fevers and comas. Most of the time this depends on the cause of the meningitis wether it be viral, bacterial. ...Read more

Inflammation (Definition)

Inflammation is the body's attempt at self-protection; the aim being to remove harmful stimuli, including damaged cells, irritants, or pathogens - and begin the healing process. Inflammation is part of the complex biological response of vascular tissues to harmful stimuli, such as pathogens, ...Read more


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I've heard that the brain, spinal cord and other central nervous system tissue is where mad cow disease is found. Would steak be ok to eat?

I've heard that the brain, spinal cord and other central nervous system tissue is where mad cow disease is found. Would steak be ok to eat?

Well... muscles cont: Contain nerves. I would not eat any part of the cow that had mad cow. But... Eating the brain and spinal cord or tail (which contains the spinal cord) would obviously be worse than a slice of steak. ...Read more

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What are the effects of a tumor in the membrane that surrounds the brain and spinal cord?

What are the effects of a tumor in the membrane that surrounds the brain and spinal cord?

Menigeal: Carcinomatosis (if a cancer) or lymphomtous or leukemic menigitis. The former carries a poor prognosis. It is addressed in children with cranio-spinal irradiation and intr-thecal chemotherapy. In adults with solid tumors, it is a mark of quite advanced disease, causes cranial neuropathy, and weakness. Rarely only site of disease. ...Read more

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What is the definition or description of: inflammation of the spinal cord?

What is the definition or description of: inflammation of the spinal cord?

Inflammation: Definition of inflammation of the spinal cord could be a very long list of causes. But in short inflammation is some sort of irritation to the cord that can be caused by infection, injection of foreign materials or even bleeding into the area around the cord. It is a very general terminology and in a diagnostic workup would have to be more focused on what might the causes of the inflammation. ...Read more

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Does inflammation of the spinal cord lead to any major symptoms or complications?

Does inflammation of the spinal cord lead to any major symptoms or complications?

Yes: It can even lead to death. It can lead to paralysis, weakness, numbness and tingling, and many other problems.
Sometimes full recovery is possible. ...Read more

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Top causes of spinal cord inflammation?

Myelitis: Multiple sclerosis can present with a partial transverse myelitis; neuromyelitis optica; viral post infectious or acute transverse myelitis; sarcoidosis; compressive myelopathy; infections (syphilis, lyme's disease, poliomyelitis). ...Read more

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My daughter has been diagnosed with inflammation of the brain membrane through a CT scan but the lumbar puncture came back clear. What could cause thi?

My daughter has been diagnosed with inflammation of the brain membrane through a CT scan but the lumbar puncture came back clear. What could cause thi?

Encephalitis: Sometimes the CSF studies are normal with inflammatory brain infection. This can be called encephalitis. There are other diseases such as ADEM that can present with normal CSF and again abnormal imaging. I hope she fella better soon. ...Read more

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Most neurons in the brain and spinal cord are not regenerated, right?

Most neurons in the brain and spinal cord are not regenerated, right?

Not quite correct: For years, it was felt that nerve cells would not heal. If the cell body dies (apoptosis), it does not resurrect. If the nerve fibre axon is transected, it will not reconnect. But the myelin covering can regenerate, and the brain can employ alternative pathway connections with time. ...Read more

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Describe the features of a brain and spinal cord infection.?

Describe the features of a brain and spinal cord infection.?

Go to ER now: An infection of the area surrounding the brain can cause meningitis- fever, stiff neck, headache, and changes in conciousness. An infection within the brain itself is encephalitis- causing changes in personality, level of conciousness, and even seizures or other abnormal movements. These conditions are both very life-threatening, but treatable, and should be evaluated by a physician immediately. ...Read more

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Are NMDA receptors or ampa receptors found outside of the brain and spinal cord?

Are NMDA receptors or ampa receptors found outside of the brain and spinal cord?

Glutamate receptors: Glutamate is the major excitatory neurotransmitter in the cns, and could be expressed elsewhere in body, but the receptor description used above is designed to study brain pathways pre-dominantly, and has not be studied extensively othewise. Nmda antagonism is mechanism of several drugs, but to date, no successful ampa agonist. ...Read more

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If a neurological examination is normal, do that mean that there is no problem with your brain and spinal cord?

If a neurological examination is normal, do that mean that there is no problem with your brain and spinal cord?

Neuro exam: That is normal is a very good thing. If you still have symptoms consider a second opinion w/another doctor. Also look into natural and non-invasive treatments if doc is ok w/them. A health psychologist will know about them. Peace and good health. ...Read more

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How do arteriovenous malformations damage the brain and spinal cord?

How do arteriovenous malformations damage the brain and spinal cord?

Hemorrhage: Most of the damage of an arteriovenous malformation occurs when the blood vessel or vessels are spontaneously ruptured and bleed into the brain, causing pressure and damage to the brain. The same can occur with an av malformation in the brain stem or spine. ...Read more

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For what reasons might a 2 year old have to get a brain and spinal cord scan?

For what reasons might a 2 year old have to get a brain and spinal cord scan?

Can't answer: Specifically. Evaluation for tumor and infection would be reasonable reasons. Certain congenital issues such as chiari malformations would also prompt these studies. ...Read more

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What organ is most affected by stroke? The heart/circulatory or brain and spinal cord?

What organ is most affected by stroke? The heart/circulatory or brain and spinal cord?

Brain: Stroke is a condition that primarily affects the brain. There are ischemic strokes where a particular blood vessel is blocked and the part of the brain that is perfused is deprived of blood/oxygen and then dies. There are hemorrhagic strokes where there is the accumulation of blood in the brain (intracerebral hemorrhage)or aneuysmal bleed where the blood spills out into the outer layers of the brain. ...Read more

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Is the gray matter inside of the spinal cord but outside of the brain?

Is the gray matter inside of the spinal cord but outside of the brain?

Almost correct: The gray matter (nervous system tissue with cell bodies) is inside the cord, surrounded by white matter (axons: nerve fibers going to & from the brain). While there is gray matter on the surface of the brain, it is also present in collections deep inside the brain. The organization of the central nervous system is quite complex. ...Read more

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Is it unusual to have MS lesions only in the spinal cord, but not in the brain?

Is it unusual to have MS lesions only in the spinal cord, but not in the brain?

Does happen: Far less common presentation, but several patients may have initial lesions in spinal cord. However, here's the main challenge: a condition called neuro-myelitis optica might present this way also, and the drugs for ms would make things worse, so get an aquaporin 4 study to make things more precise. ...Read more

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Do all prion diseases predominately affect the brain or also the spinal cord and nerves?

Do all prion diseases predominately affect the brain or also the spinal cord and nerves?

Prion: Prions are proteins that have changed conformation, so that the normal function of the protein inside the cells won't work. The prions' also causes other normal proteins to misfold and make more prions, spreading the process. The prions affect many cells in the body, but they particularly harm nerve cells in the brain, causing progressive rapid degeneration. They are not alive, and have no dna. ...Read more

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How do medulloblastomas metastasize to other parts of the brain or spinal cord?

How do medulloblastomas metastasize to other parts of the brain or spinal cord?

Through CSF: Medulloblastoma is an extremely aggressive brain cancer that spreads to other parts of the brain and spine via the spinal fluid. ...Read more

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The function of the spinal cord and how does it work with the brain?

The function of the spinal cord and how does it work with the brain?

Fiberoptic cables: Like phone cords, the brain connects down through the brainstem by tracts like fiberoptic cables connecting the motor/sensory areas of the brain to the areas of the spinal cord sending out nerves to your body. Long and very complex but wonderfully made! ...Read more

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Does c spinal cord injury affects brain function?

Does c spinal cord injury affects brain function?

No: Spinal cord injury affects portions of the body b elow the site of the injury. The brain is not affected, but these injuries are frequently very disturbing and sometimes dangerous. The person suffering from this can be depressed and needing of assistance in many other ways. ...Read more

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Can MS show lesions only in the brain and not in the spinal cord? And what type of MS would this be?

Can MS show lesions only in the brain and not in the spinal cord? And what type of MS would this be?

See below: If you have optic neuritis and suspicious lesions in the brain, you have a very high chance of having multiple sclerosis. The absence of lesions in spinal cord is not exclusionary. Although other disorders may cause your issues, would get diagnosis confirmed, and start a potent MS agent ASAP, if that seems to be answer. ...Read more

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Can MS lesions be just in spinal cord not brain or visa versa? Also does MS always show up in spinal fluid?

Can MS lesions be just in spinal cord not brain or visa versa? Also does MS always show up in spinal fluid?

Good questions: MS lesions may either be in the brain or the spinal cord, or in both. Sometimes, rarely, they are not found in either location. Evidence does not always appear in the spinal fluid. These are not perfect tests, but in most cases, they will help give the answer. ...Read more

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Why is it that medulloblastomas metastasize to other parts of the brain or spinal cord?

Why is it that medulloblastomas metastasize to other parts of the brain or spinal cord?

Medulloblastoma: Medulloblastoma is a tumor that sheds cells which can float throughout the spinal fluid space around the brain and spinal cord. If the tumor sheds these cells then they can migrate anywhere along the brain and spinal cord. ...Read more

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What will happen to the brain if one has a rather large intramedullary spinal cord tumor?

What will happen to the brain if one has a rather large intramedullary spinal cord tumor?

Spine Tumor: A tumor in the spinal cord itself is unlikely to effect the brain unless the tumor type spread from the brain (this is uncommon) or is metastatic tumor from elsewhere in the body (extremely uncommon). The majority of intramedullary tumors are astrocytomas or ependymomas. ...Read more

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Please tell me what can happen to the brain if one has a rather large intramedullary spinal cord tumor?

Please tell me what can happen to the brain if one has a rather large intramedullary spinal cord tumor?

Should be separate: The brain and the intramedullary spinal cord tumor should be separate entities, unless the tumor is very high in the cervical spine at the base of the skull. In this case, the tumor can invade the brainstem and lead to brainstem symptoms like apnea, trouble swallowing, double vision, coma and death. ...Read more

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Is it possible to crack the skull and preserve the brain at low temperatures? Without brain dying and the whole spinal cord.

Hmmmm..: Not sure how to answer. Many an unfortunate individual has actually cracked their head in the snow and been preserved for several hours with complete recovery. How long were you proposing to preserve things? There is no way to remove the brain from the body without detaching the spinal cord - this would be a major stumbling block to preserving anything of use.... ...Read more

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Hi I am 50 year old female who has a dawsons finger on my brain and also 3 lesions on my spinal cord. My doctor says he thinks I have grumbling ms?

Hi I am 50 year old female who has a dawsons finger on my brain and also 3 lesions on my spinal cord. My doctor says he thinks I have grumbling ms?

You might.: Dawson fingers are a radiographic feature depicting demyelinating plaques through the corpus callosum arranged at right angles along medullary veins. They look like fingers on the MRI. Specific sign for MS. Sings of Multiple Sclerosis. Note there are many treatment options for MS and specialists. ...Read more

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What location would you puncture spinal cord to draw cerebrospinal fluid if brain has an infection?

What location would you puncture spinal cord to draw cerebrospinal fluid if brain has an infection?

Not the spinal cord: Lumbar puncture is done below the spinal cord itself, usually between 3rd and 4th or 4th and 5th lumbar vertebrae. Spinal cord ends at about first lumbar vertebra but the membranes containing cerebrospinal fluid extend below that. See this site for more info.
http://www. Mayoclinic. Com/health/lumbar-puncture/my00982. ...Read more

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Hi I had a chiari malformation with removak off tonsils, I have a cyst coving my spinal cord right next to brain stem, I have severe crap pain today?

Hi I had a chiari malformation with removak off tonsils, I have a cyst coving my spinal cord right next to brain stem, I have severe crap pain today?

Unclear: Not sure exactly what your question is except that you are in pain. Given the history of a Chiari malformation, suggest you be seen promptly in order to address your issue. ...Read more

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Spinal cord lesion on t3/4, negative brain mri, positive for oligoclonal banding. Neurologist says ms. Can this be with negative brain mri?

Can occur: Although less common, isolated spinal cord involvement can be seen in absence of demonstrable brain lesions. But make certain that you do no have NMO presenting atypically, and an anti-aquaporin blood test can help confirm diagnosis. ...Read more

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How come a mother who undergoes cesarean section may have spinal cord injury and brain injury?

Blod Clot: A blod clot to the brain and or spinal cord is always a risk with surgery although uncommon. Pregnancy itself increases the risk for clotting. Sounds like an unfortunate event. ...Read more

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Does the spinal cord have gray matter?

Does the spinal cord have gray matter?

Yes: It has gray matter on the inside shaped similar to a butterfly, and white matter on the outside. ...Read more