inflammation of the membranes around the brain and spinal cord

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Which malfunction is caused by the inflammation of the membranes surrounding the brain and spinal cord?

Meningitis

Inflammation
this can be very mild with headache to severe and lifethreatening with high fevers and comas. Most of the time this depends on the cause of the meningitis wether it be viral, bacterial
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Dr. Philip W. Chao answered:

I've heard that the brain, spinal cord and other central nervous system tissue is where mad cow disease is found. would steak be ok to eat?

Well... muscles cont

Mad_cow_disease
contain nerves. I would not eat any part of the cow that had mad cow. But... eating the brain and spinal cord or tail (which contains the spinal cord) would obviously be worse than a slice of steak.
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Dr. William Gaya answered:

Top causes of spinal cord inflammation?

Myelitis

Erysipelas
Multiple sclerosis can present with a partial transverse myelitis; Neuromyelitis optica; viral post infectious or acute transverse myelitis; sarcoidosis; compressive myelopathy; infections (syphilis, Lyme's disease, poliomyelitis).
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What is the treatment for inflammation of the spinal cord?

Depends on disease

Inflammation
Myelitis- inflammation of the spinal cord is treated in several different ways depending on the reason for the inflammation. It could be treated with steroids, antibiotics, antivirals, antifungals, and several therapies.
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What is the definition or description of: Inflammation of the spinal cord?

Inflammation

Myelopathy
Definition of inflammation of the spinal cord could be a very long list of causes. But in short inflammation is some sort of irritation to the cord that can be caused by infection, injection of foreign materials or even bleeding into the area around the cord. It is a very general terminology and in a diagnostic workup would have to be more focused on what might the causes of the inflammation.
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Does inflammation of the spinal cord lead to any major symptoms or complications?

Yes

Inflammation
It can even lead to death. It can lead to paralysis, weakness, numbness and tingling, and many other problems. Sometimes full recovery is possible.
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Dr. Andrew Turrisi answered:

What are the effects of a tumor in the membrane that surrounds the brain and spinal cord?

Menigeal

Meningitis
carcinomatosis (if a cancer) or lymphomtous or leukemic menigitis. The former carries a poor prognosis. It is addressed in children with cranio-spinal irradiation and intr-thecal chemotherapy. In adults with solid tumors, it is a mark of quite advanced disease, causes cranial neuropathy, and weakness. Rarely only site of disease.
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How do arteriovenous malformations damage the brain and spinal cord?

Hemorrhage

Arteriovenous_malformation
Most of the damage of an arteriovenous malformation occurs when the blood vessel or vessels are spontaneously ruptured and bleed into the brain, causing pressure and damage to the brain. The same can occur with an AV malformation in the brain stem or spine.
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Most neurons in the brain and spinal cord are not regenerated, right?

Not quite correct

Head-brain
For years, it was felt that nerve cells would not heal. If the cell body dies (apoptosis), it does not resurrect. If the nerve fibre axon is transected, it will not reconnect. But the myelin covering can regenerate, and the brain can employ alternative pathway connections with time.
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The brain and spinal cord are one continuous structure. What covers it?

Dura

Head-brain
The dura is a tough sheet of tissue that covers the whole central nervous system.
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