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Doctor insights on: Inflammation Heart Valve Called

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Which heart valve works harder, the bicuspid or tricuspid?

Which heart valve works harder, the bicuspid or tricuspid?

Four heart valves: All 4 of your heart valves have three cusps. If you have a heart valve with 2 cusps that is a common congenital anomaly. A bicusp heart valve does not perform as well as a regular three cusp valve over a lifetime. Occasionally the bicusp valve will need repair or replace. The four valves are named; pulmonary, aortic, tricuspid and mitral. Be well. ...Read more

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Dr. Bradford Patt
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Valve (Definition)

A valve is a structure that regulates the direction of flow. The heart is a special kind of pump. It moves blood by squeezing and relaxing. There are 4 chambers and each chamber has a valve. This keeps blood from moving backwards when the heart squeezes. When a chamber squeezes it lets the blood move forward but when the chamber is relaxed it prevents the blood from ...Read more


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Explain the condition called inflammation of the heart (carditis).?

Explain the condition called inflammation of the heart (carditis).?

Myo and pericarditis: Inflammation can be of the heart muscle (myocarditis) or of the lining of the heart (pericarditis). Myocarditis is often viral and sometimes can lead to heart failure; symptoms can be chest pain, shortness of breath, palpitations and generalized malaise. Pericarditis has many causes and may lead to fluid accumulation around the heart. Main symptom is chest pain, especially when lying down. ...Read more

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Which heart valve is commonly replaced?

Which heart valve is commonly replaced?

Valve replacement: The aortic and mitral valves are the ones most commonly replaced. The aortic is probably a bit more commonly replaced than the mitral. ...Read more

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Which is non rheumatic mitral valve disease, unspecified?

Which is non rheumatic mitral valve disease, unspecified?

Mitral valve: The mitral valve has to open properly to let blood flow into the left ventricle from the atrium. If it doesn't, we call this stenosis. It has to close to keep the blood flowing toward the body, if it doesn't we call this regurgitation or insufficiency. Either or both problems can exist with the valve if its abnormal. Insufficiency is more common. ...Read more

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Why would acute rheumatic fever target the mitral valve causing mitral valve stenosis?

Why would acute rheumatic fever target the mitral valve causing mitral valve stenosis?

No one really knows: Good question. But the answer is obscure. Rheumatic fever also affects the aortic valve. But why it targets valves on the right side of the heart is unclear. These are valves that are subject to greater pressures whih may be a reason. ...Read more

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Aortic heart valve disease or regurgitation what's the difference?

Aortic heart valve disease or regurgitation what's the difference?

Aortic valve disease: The two major aortic valve abnormalities are stenosis and insufficiency(regurgitation). Stenosis is like a door that doesn't open sufficiently and insufficiency is like a door that doesn't close sufficiently. When there is too much stenosis blood flow out of the heart is impeded. Too much insufficiency and the heart has to pump lots of extra blood to compensate. They can coexist. ...Read more

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What are heart valve tendons called?

What are heart valve tendons called?

Chordae tendineae: They attach to the inside of the heart and to the valve so that the valve does not close too far and leak. ...Read more

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What causes a leaky heart valve?

What causes a leaky heart valve?

Born with vs acquire: Leaky heart valves occur congenitally when some aspect of the valve leaflets/annulus/supporting structures is abnormal at birth. They can also be acquired as a result of changes in the heart structure/valve structure/aorta/lungs over time. Heart attacks can damage valves, as can infectious endocarditis, cardiomyopathy, enlarging aortic root, pulmonary disease causing pulmonary hypertension. ...Read more

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Which heart diseases leads to valvular heart disease?

Which heart diseases leads to valvular heart disease?

Coronary disease/CAD: CAD can lead to weakened or poorly functioning heart muscle. The mitral valve is anchored to that muscle and will leak if CAD is severe enough. Rheumatic heart disease can lead to valve stenosis due to calcification, but has become less likely in the era of antibiotics. Also, being born with a bicuspid aortic valve (normally 3 cusps) can lead to calcification and narrowing at 50-60 years of age. ...Read more

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Is mitral stenosis typically the result of rheumatic heart disease?

Can be: Rheumatic heart disease is pretty rare these days, due to aggressively treating strep throat with antibiotics. However, it is still the most common cause of mitral stenosis. In general, the causes of mitral stenosis include rheumatic fever, infective endocarditis and just the wear and tear of natural aging. ...Read more

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Heart valve replacement. Which valves need it most?

Heart valves: The mitral and aortic valves are the most often replaced valves, but sometimes the mitral valve can be repaired, but not the aortic valve. So probably the aortic is the most replaced. It is much less common that the pulmonary or tricuspid valve be replaced. ...Read more

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Mitral prolapse may be caused from coronary artery disease?

Mitral prolapse may be caused from coronary artery disease?

Usually : No link between the two. No real documentation on what causes the disorder. Genetics play a role. But no link with CAD ...Read more

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Why does acute rheumatic fever target the mitral valve to cause mitral valve stenosis?

It can target any va: Rheumatic fever is no respecter of valves. Mitral valve, followed by aortic valve involvement occur. Rarely is the pulmonic or tricuspid valve involved. Of course, joints, skin (rash) nodules and various neurologic sequelae are also found. ...Read more

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What heart valve affects the lungs?

What heart valve affects the lungs?

All: Really all heart valves can affect the lungs one way or another. The valves on the left side (aortic and mitral) can do this because when they do not function properly, usually lungs get congested, the valves on the right side (pulmonic and tricuspid) can affect the lungs usually if they are atretic (small) at birth, leading to underdevelopment of the lungs. ...Read more

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Why does acute rheumatic fever target the mitral valve causing stenosis?

Why does acute rheumatic fever target the mitral valve causing stenosis?

Autoimmune : The immunologic response the strep infection causes antibodies and cellular responses. But some of these same antibodies also react to certain heart tissue also causing heart damage. The immune response becomes autoimmune to the body tissues. ...Read more

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Is torn chordae tendineae of the mital valve iconsidered a heart attack?

Is torn chordae tendineae  of the mital valve iconsidered a heart attack?

No: Although a torn chordae tendinae can result from a heart attack, the two are not synonymous. Tearing of the chordae (part of the mitral valve apparatus) is more often related to other structural diseases of the mitral valve, like mitral valve prolapse and endocarditis (infection of the mitral valve) or chest trauma in some situations. Heart attack only rarely causes a torn chordae. ...Read more

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Which disease is more manageable, coronary heart disease or congestive heart failure?

Which disease is more manageable, coronary heart disease or congestive heart failure?

Serious and manageab: Congestive heart failure is often one of the compications of CAD. Both are serious conditions that can be managed with proper medications, diet, exercise and always addressing the root cause of the problem. ...Read more

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Why could you get inflammation of a heart valve?

Why could you get inflammation of a heart valve?

Rheumatic fever: Untreated strep throat (usually in children) can lead to rheumatic fever which can cause severe inflammation and permanent damage to a heart valve (rheumatic heart disease). ...Read more

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What is the definition of an inflammation of a heart valve?

What is the definition of an inflammation of a heart valve?

Endocarditis: The most common type of inflamed heart valve is due to infection, known as endocarditis. This is a life-threatening condition caused by germs, especially bacteria that attack heart valves causing holes, growths, thickening and scarring. This can lead to leaky valves. People with valve disease (except mild mitral valve prolapse without thickening or regurgitation) are at increased risk. ...Read more

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Can an echocardiogram tell if you have inflammation of a major heart valve?

Can an echocardiogram tell if you have inflammation of a major heart valve?

No: An echocardiogram can tell valve "leakiness", valve "stenosis" and other structural abnormalities such as cholesterol build up, "healed" scar from prior infection, or "prolapse", cannot really tell "inflammation". ...Read more

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What are heart valve tendons called?

Chordae tendineae: They attach to the inside of the heart and to the valve so that the valve does not close too far and leak. ...Read more

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What is a sticky heart valve called?

What is a sticky heart valve called?

Heart valve: We don't use the terminology 'sticky heart valve'. You may mean a stenotic valve. ...Read more

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What is the heart valve in back of the heart called?

What is the heart valve in back of the heart called?

Mitral valve: The mitral valve is the most posterior and also the most leftward of the four heart valves. http://www.vhlab.umn.edu/atlas/anatutorial/anatutorial5.shtml. ...Read more

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What are the treatments for fibers in heart valve called?

What are the treatments for fibers in heart valve called?

Chordau tendiniae: The "fibers" are called "chordae" and are similar in function to parachute chords. They prevent the valve leaflets to prolapse (tricuspid and mitral), holding them back just like a parachute chord prevents the parachute from flipping up. If these chords break, the valve will leak. Surgical fixes include annuloplasty (narrowing the valve ring), repairing the chordae, and valve replacement. ...Read more

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If i'm having a heart valve replacement do I have the right to insist on a tissue valve or mechanical valve?

If i'm having a heart valve replacement do I have the right to insist on a tissue valve or mechanical valve?

Absolutely: Your doctor hopefully will apprise you of the risks/benefits of both valve types. You as the patient, armed with that advise, can make the decision. Often times, your doctor will recommend one over the other, but again, you make the final decision. ...Read more

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Should i be concerned if my husband has just been diagnosed with enlarged heart valve - what does this mean?

Should i be concerned if my husband has just been diagnosed with enlarged heart valve - what does this mean?

Heart valve: There is no such thing enlarged heart valve. If you are taking about thickened heart valve with out stenosis then he should be ok. If it is myxomatous proliferation then you should see a cardiologist. ...Read more

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I have a leaky heart valve, they say my heart is to weak to do surgery. So I have been taking meds. Do i need to watch what i do. ?

I have a leaky heart valve, they say my heart is to weak to do surgery. So I have been taking meds. Do i need to watch what i do. ?

Absolutely: You should talk to your doctor about the limitations of your physical activity, level of exercise, as well as your diet. And make sure you take your medication reguarly on time. ...Read more

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Can I exercise with a moderate heart valve leakage?

Can I exercise with a moderate heart valve leakage?

Yes: Start slow and gradually build your endurance if you feel good with your exercise regimen. Notify your doctor if your having difficulty like fatigue, dizziness, chest discomfort or palpitations. ...Read more

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I'm 35 I was told but a Heart Dr that I have a leaky heart valve should I be worried?

I'm 35 I was told but a Heart Dr that I have a leaky heart valve should I be worried?

Devil in the details: Depends entirely on which valve and how much leaking. Some leaking of the tricuspid and pulmonic valve is 100% normal. Mild leakage of the mitral valve is technically "abnormal" but nearly universal and harmless. Mild leakage of the aortic valve is abnormal but well tolerated. Severe leakage should be followed by your heart doc and treated if certain criteria are met. ...Read more

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I have a degenerative heart valve, had valvuloplasty in early 2001, how much longer can it last?

I have a degenerative heart valve, had valvuloplasty in early 2001, how much longer can it last?

What valve?: A stenotic mitral, tricuspid or pulmonic valve may last many years after valvuloplasty, an aortic valve usually only 6 moths. So since it was in 2001, my guess it was one of these three. Valves can also now be replaced by a similar technique, a valve sewn into a stent that is expanded into place with a valvuloplasty ballon, currently only approved for the aortic, in high risk patients for surgery. ...Read more

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I have a degenerative heart valve and had valvuloplasty in early 2001, how much longer will the valve last?

I have a degenerative heart valve and had valvuloplasty in early 2001, how much longer will the valve last?

Variable: If you are 30 now, your valve was ballooned when you were ~19. The valve location was not specified- most common would be either the pulmonic valve due to pulmonic stenosis or the mitral valve from mitral stenosis. You need to have this reevaluated on a periodic basis with an echocardiogram. It may be several more years before the valve restenoses, then may need re-plasty or valve replacement. ...Read more

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I have a leaky heart valve how concerned should I be these heart doctors don't explain anything it's the valve that starts with an m ?

Mitral valve problem: Your mitral valve is between your left atrium and your left ventricle. There are varying degrees of dysfunction from mild to very severe. You have to sit down with your cardiologist and see where you're at. ...Read more

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Have leaky heart valve. Not sure which but I think Tricuspid. Test was 2 yr ago but just told by dr yesterday. Need to worry? Dr said 80% ppl have

Have leaky heart valve.  Not sure which but I think Tricuspid.  Test was 2 yr ago but just told by dr yesterday.  Need to worry?  Dr said 80% ppl have

Valvar insufficiency: From the character of your statement you likely have nothing to worry about on this subject. You should however ask this question and for details of your Doc who has the most information about you specifically ...Read more

Inflammation (Definition)

Inflammation is the body's attempt at self-protection; the aim being to remove harmful stimuli, including damaged cells, irritants, or pathogens - and begin the healing process. Inflammation is part of the complex biological response of vascular tissues to harmful stimuli, such as pathogens, ...Read more