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Doctor insights on: Inferior Epigastric Vein

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Upper Abdomen (Definition)

Draw a transverse line through the umbilicus and the upper abdomen includes every part of the belly above this line and below the ...Read more


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My cardiac MRI showed persistent left sided superior vena cava drains into a dilated coronary sinus w/ mild dilation of the main pulmonary artery?

My cardiac MRI showed persistent left sided superior vena cava drains into a dilated coronary sinus w/ mild dilation of the main pulmonary artery?

Mostly a normal: Variant. Every fetus has one, but in most it involutes before birth. 0.3% of the general population has one. It is the most common variation of the thoracic venous system. Left svc draining into coronary sinus is expected 90% of the time. Discuss with your doctor the significance in your case of the mild dilation of the pulmonary artery. ...Read more

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MRI vertebrobasilar hypoplasia right side theres robust flow void anastomosing the basilar artery w cavernous portion of internal carotid artery/mean?

MRI vertebrobasilar hypoplasia right side theres robust flow void anastomosing the basilar artery w cavernous portion of internal carotid artery/mean?

Normal variant: The arteries at the base of the brain can course in several different patterns but ultimately get the job done, that is, supply brain tissue. Your pattern is like your fingerprint. Some more unusual patterns have an increased association with aneurysms, but this would have likely been described if present and vertebro basilar hypoplasia, as in the picture, is pretty common. ...Read more

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Can you tell me how hepatic portal vein anastomose with superior vena cava and inferior vena cava?

Can you tell me how hepatic portal vein anastomose with superior vena cava and inferior vena cava?

Normal anatomy?: The portal vein is majority blood supply to the liver. It carries nutrient-rich blood from the gut to the liver. After passing through the liver, blood leaves via the hepatic veins and enters the inferior vena cava. There is a procedure, called TIPS, which creates a direct shunt between the portal vein and hepatic vein. ...Read more

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Where is right subclavian artery?

Where is right subclavian artery?

Under collar bone: About 2/3 of the way from your breastbone to your shoulder. You can feel the pulse if you press hard. ...Read more

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What would left anterior descending coronary artery blockage cause?

What would left anterior descending coronary artery blockage cause?

Left anterior descen: This has been called the "widow maker" artery that can cause angus, heart attack or myocardial infarction, or sudden death. ...Read more

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Right clavicle pain and septal ischemia connected?

Right clavicle pain and septal ischemia connected?

Not typically : Most subjective findings of angina relate to left-sided chest symptoms (more typical), though on rare cases right-sided chest symptoms might be present. The specific location of the symptoms cannot be correlated to the site of myocardial ischemia however. ...Read more

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MRI =Mild" thickening of heart muscle not HOCM.Tortuous descending aorta. Aberrant right subclavian artery which courses posterior to the trachea. ??

MRI =Mild" thickening of heart muscle not HOCM.Tortuous descending aorta. Aberrant right subclavian artery which courses posterior to the trachea. ??

Mild thickening's OK: See my comment to your previous post regarding the other findings (tortuous aorta, subclavian artery). The mild thickening of the heart muscle is common, and not necessarily from HCM. It could be the effects of long-standing hypertension. Keeping ur BP low with a -pril or a -sartan (Enalapril, Valsartan, etc.) could even reverse the thickening of the heart. Thanks 4 ur question on HealthTap, & GL! ...Read more

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What happens if your posterior descending arterial branch of the right coronary artery diffuse proximal 60 to 80%?

What happens if your posterior descending arterial branch of the right coronary artery diffuse proximal 60 to 80%?

Depends: Many people walk around with significant blockages without knowledge or harm. If the person described has angina or evidence of ischemia on testing, a percutaneous intervention should be considered. Otherwise, forget it - but treat the underlying arteriosclerosis: statin, aspirin, Mediterranean Diet, exercise, ideal body weight, no smoking, good BP control. ...Read more

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Arteriosclerotic internal carotid & vertebro basilar arteries predominantly the left vertebrobasilar segment appearing tortuous with slight prominence?

Arteriosclerotic internal carotid & vertebro basilar arteries predominantly the left vertebrobasilar segment appearing tortuous with slight prominence?

Vertrebrobasilar: Were you started on full anticoagulation (warfarin/coumadin)? If so the bleeding gums could be secondary to therapy. The vertebrobasilar arterial blockage cannot be repaired surgically.You might be experiencing: dizziness, loss of balance, and incoordination. ...Read more

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Severely calcified abdominal aorta & common iliac arteries, a 60% ostial stenosis of the coeliac trunk, stomach ache, abd pain and bloating.Treatment?

Severely calcified abdominal aorta & common iliac arteries, a 60% ostial stenosis of the coeliac trunk, stomach ache, abd pain and bloating.Treatment?

Impossible to say: It is impossible to know over the internet whether the vascular and GI issues are related. Speak with a gastroenterologist. ...Read more

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Left neck vein bulges. Is that left heart failure?

Left neck vein bulges. Is that left heart failure?

Probably not: First, neck vein distension can be caused by many things, only one of which is heart failure. Second, if it were due to heart failure, it would likely be on both sides, and then would reflect problems on the right heart. But since the most common cause of right heart failure is left heart failure, neck vein distension is a sign of heart failure. But not likely in you. Talk to your own doctor. ...Read more

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Is coronary artery bypass surgery compatible with varicose veins?

Is coronary artery bypass surgery compatible with varicose veins?

Yes and No: Coronary artery bypass requires some form of conduit for bypass. Superficial veins from the lower limbs have been used for bypass. Smaller arteries from the underside of the chest wall have been used in favor of veins for the left side of the heart. Early enlarged varicose veins can still be used for bypass; however more advanced wall bulges and wall aneurysms Prohibit use of the varicosed veins. ...Read more

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Lymphadenopathy? CLL with enlarged lymph nodes head & neck, axillary, portal vein, 2 abdominal (based on CT). Most 9 cm. Left iliac vein is 1.5 cm.

Lymphadenopathy? CLL with enlarged lymph nodes head & neck, axillary, portal vein, 2 abdominal (based on CT). Most 9 cm. Left iliac vein is 1.5 cm.

Unknown: Sorry but I am not clear as to what your question is? Lymphadenopathy is defined as lymph nodes that are either enlarged or have an abnormal feel i.e. hardened, painful. ...Read more

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What is the link between persistent left superior vena cava and neck discomfort?

What is the link between persistent left superior vena cava and neck discomfort?

Needs clarification: Persistent left superior vena cava ... what? Blockage? Enlargement? Syndrome? If you're talking syndrome/blockage, it causes backup of fluid into the head and neck regions resulting in congestion & swelling. This would likely be the reason for the discomfort.Resolution of the blockage should eventually relieve the backed up fluid.Manual lymphatic drainage may be of some benefit. ...Read more

Dr. Ted King
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Veins (Definition)

Veins are thin walled vessels that carry deoxygenated blood ...Read more