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Doctor insights on: Infectious Diseases Ghana Cough Congestion

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What pathogen causes whooping cough?

What pathogen causes whooping cough?

B.Pertussis: Classic whooping cough is caused by a bacterium, bordatella pertussis.Similar symptoms can be caused by otheragents such as a virus parapertussis and adenovirus. ...Read more

Dr. Sue Ferranti
3,611 doctors shared insights

Cough (Definition)

The cough reflex is a protective mechanism that uses muscles in your throat and chest to expel mucous and saliva that may contain pathogens that would otherwise possibly be inhaled via aerosol or to expel pathogens infecting the throat and respiratory system. Cough benefits the host by reducing load and benefits the pathogen which may then spread via aerosol. ...Read more


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Chronic cold sores infectious disease dr?

Chronic cold sores infectious disease dr?

See below: Cold sores are caused by herpes simplex viruses. They are usually recurrent not chronic. Recurrent cold sores can be prevented by long term antiviral therapy with valtrex, (valacyclovir) Famvir etc. These meds can be prescribed by your family physician or internist. ...Read more

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Post Nasal Drip and Bad Breath? Allergic Rhinitis , Colds, Cough viral and bacterial infections, Toothache, Mouth breathing

Post Nasal Drip and Bad Breath?  Allergic Rhinitis , Colds, Cough viral and bacterial infections, Toothache, Mouth breathing

See your physician: There are many and various illnesses which could match your description. I can appreciate your concerned, but finding a proper diagnosis and treatment may be the answer to your worries. Rec.: see your physician for physical and referral to other specialties (e.g. dentist , ENT) if needed. Take good care. ...Read more

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How will a doctor differentiate viral respiratory infection from bacterial infection? Signs are fever cough congestion, no sore throat - 4 days.

How will a doctor differentiate viral respiratory infection from bacterial infection? Signs are fever cough congestion, no sore throat - 4 days.

Usually easy: Normal w/ viral uri's to have a temp up to 72 hrs. If u have sore throat it's very unlikely to be strep when u also have cough/congestion (not always the case with kids). Flu is peaking now (in us) classic symptoms are high temp congestion, body aches, +\-sore throat or cough. If u r feeling unusually ill or measured temp exceeds 3 days u should be seen (sooner if u have chronic health cond. ...Read more

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Facial pain, fever up to 103 (fever has stopped), yellow watery nasal discharge, cough, greenish brown sputum. Sinus infection and/or bronchitis?

Facial pain, fever up to 103 (fever has stopped), yellow watery nasal discharge, cough, greenish brown sputum. Sinus infection and/or bronchitis?

Possibly: Or you may be getting over a cold. As a cold improves the nasal secretions get thicker and a little yellow. If you are coughing up thick brown sputum with a deep cough i would be more concerned about a bacterial pneumonia or possibly bronchitis. Most bronchitis is viral and happens as the last part of a cold .If not improving see your doctor. ...Read more

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Night cough, no allergies, no URI symptoms, no allergies. Nonsmoker. Adult, 63, module ratels obese. Cause?

GE Reflux/asthma/CHF: If your cough occurs while lying down, it could be either cardiac or gastrointestinal in origin, instead of just pulmonary. If it is associated with shortness of breath and chest or back pain, you need to see your doctor right away. If it is associated ever with a sour taste in the mouth , almost vomiting, and heartburn it may be gastrointestinal reflux of stomach acid into the esophagus. ...Read more

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Grand other, 87yo. 5'5" 149lbs. Chronic cold symptoms, 10yrs. Runny nose, clogged ears, dizziness, cough, hoarse throat. No allergies. Any ideas?

Grand other, 87yo. 5'5" 149lbs. Chronic cold symptoms, 10yrs. Runny nose, clogged ears, dizziness, cough, hoarse throat. No allergies. Any ideas?

Chronic sinusitis: The symptoms above are consistent with chronic irritation of the nose and throat. This can be caused by chronic sinus infections which also connect to the ear and cause dizziness. A Cat scan of sinuses can help. A more unlikely but possible cause is reflux disease. (GERD) While not typical, gastric fluid coming up in the throat during sleep can cause the symptoms as well. An ENT surgeon can help. ...Read more

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Chronic/recurrent pansinusitits, otitis, bronchitis in 3 year old. Cf, IG deficiency, obstruction, pcd, asthma ruled out. Any ideas?

Chronic/recurrent pansinusitits, otitis, bronchitis in 3 year old. Cf, IG deficiency, obstruction, pcd, asthma ruled out.  Any ideas?

Please make sure: Your child is not ever exposed to cigarette or other smoke, even if its on someone's clothes. It could also be allergies. Consider having a pediatric allergist see him. Exposure to cockroaches or pesticides or mold could be a factor as well. Finally, in at least one case, a young patient of mine got significantly better drinking only organic milk. ...Read more

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Viral fever medicenes , symptoms and preventions?

Viral fever medicenes , symptoms and preventions?

Antivirals: There are antiviral medications available for some forms of infection. Hepatitis b and c, HIV disease, influenza, herpes simplex and several others. For the average common cold there is nothing but symptomatic relief available. Take Acetaminophen (tylenol), decongestants, etc. There are many otc products and your friendly pharmacist will be happy to guide you to the best. ...Read more

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Had common cold with fever. Fever gone now, just nasal congestion and productive cough. Phlegm appears green. Paranoid about pneumonia?

Had common cold with fever. Fever gone now, just nasal congestion and productive cough. Phlegm appears green. Paranoid about pneumonia?

Don't worry.: Pneumonia will give you a fever and your symptoms would have gotten worse, not better, without treatment. It is common to have congestion and cough when recovering from an upper respiratory infection, the majority of which are caused by viruses. not bacteria. If you get sick again, go see your primary MD for evaluation and maybe an xray, if necessary. ...Read more

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Is post viral cough contagious?

Is post viral cough contagious?

Probably not...: A post-viral cough is usually due to bronchospasm and residual airway inflammation. Bronchodilator and steroid inhalers are prescribed to treat this so see your doctor for treatment. Since the viral infection is resolved, this is not contagious. ...Read more

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My 2 years old daughter have symptoms of common cold .Serious nasal congestion, runny nose cough, sneezing , chest congestion.No fever.What 2 do?

My 2 years old daughter have symptoms of common cold .Serious nasal congestion, runny nose cough, sneezing , chest congestion.No fever.What 2 do?

Not much: Gentle suctioning of nose and running humidifier especially during the night will relieve the discomfort. Otc or prescription "cold meds" do not make much difference. Seek a medical attention if she develops heavy breathing, fever of over 101f, or fussiness. ...Read more

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15 month old - persistent cough, past bronchiolitis, constant ear infections, runny or blocked nose & persistent conjunctivitis. Allergies????

15 month old - persistent cough, past bronchiolitis, constant ear infections, runny or blocked nose & persistent conjunctivitis.  Allergies????

To tease out all : these chronic symptoms requires a history of environmental factors like passive smoking, attendance at daycare, drinking from a bottle while supine, etc.; family history of asthma & allergies; past response to infections, etc.The most likely reason for the chronic cough is asthma, aka Reactive Airway Disease, that requires bronchodilators. Seek referral to a Pediatric Allergist/Immunologist. ...Read more

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What's COPD respiratory disease?

What's COPD respiratory disease?

COPD: COPD stands foe Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease As the name says it is chronic disease of the airway which includesEmphysema and Chronic Bronchitis Most cases are caused by smoking and few others by pollution and occupational exposure COPD is not reversible and there is no cure for it. Progession of this condition can be minimised by smoking cessation and prevent the harmful exposure. ...Read more

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Does pulmonologist or primary care prescribe antibiotics for cold, bronchitis, cough, sore throatss, some sinus and ear infection, stomach flu?

Does pulmonologist or primary care  prescribe antibiotics for cold, bronchitis, cough, sore throatss, some sinus and ear infection, stomach flu?

Practice guidelines: Physicians are licensed to prescribe appropriate treatment for conditions which they have been trained to recognize and then encounter during a visit. Some will avoid dealing with issues for which they are not currently up to date. A primary care doc is trained in a broad range of conditions while a specialist focuses on fewer areas. ...Read more

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Contagious (Definition)

One is able to transmit an infection to another by ...Read more


Dr. Heidi Fowler
592 doctors shared insights

Infectious Diseases (Definition)

Infectious diseases = illness/ sickness ...Read more