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Doctor insights on: Infectious Disease Specialists West Nile Virus Infection

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Dr. Harinder Gill
9 doctors shared insights

Infection (Definition)

Infections are invasions of some other organism (fungus, bacteria, parasite) or viruses into places where they do not belong. For instance, we have normal gut bacteria that live within us without causing problems; however, when those penetrate the bowel wall and enter the bloodstream, ...Read more


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What are the tests for west nile virus infection?

What are the tests for west nile virus infection?

Several: Since the disease is usually asymptomatic and has no specific treatment, testing focuses on transmissibility person-to-person which is rare. Virus in the blood / spinal fluid by PCR proves infection. Igm anti-wnv suggests recent infection (up to a year), anti-wnv igg may take months to turn positive or be false-positive from dengue / immunization / other viruses. All blood is now screened. ...Read more

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What are the presenting symptoms of a west nile virus infection?

What are the presenting symptoms of a west nile virus infection?

Many have none: May present with fever, fatigue, body aches, skin rash on the trunk, enlarged lymph nodes and generalized sense of not feeling well. In about one in 150 patients develop neurological findings of meningitis/encephalitis, and this can be potentially devastating. ...Read more

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What is the pathogenesis of the west nile virus infection?

What is the pathogenesis of the west nile virus infection?

Brain virus: The flavivirus is carried by mosquitoes, often mutants that bite both birds and people. It usually produces no symptoms, less often a mild fever, 1% of the time affects the brain, with the virus entering and multiplying in brain cells sometimes with lasting damage. Until there is a vaccine, avoiding mosquitoes is safest. ...Read more

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How can the way in which humans become infection with malaria and west nile virus differ?

How can the way in which humans become infection with malaria and west nile virus differ?

Malaria vs WNV: West Nile Virus is found in temperate & tropical areas of the world. West Nile Virus has been detected in Culex, Anopheles, Culiseta, Deinocerites, Psorophora, Mansonia, Coquillettidia, Uranotaenia & Aedes mosquitoes. But the most common carriers are Culex & Aedes. Malaria is usually found in tropical & subtropical areas. There are about 3,500 species of mosquitoes. Only 30 to 40 species of ...Read more

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Can you tell me how the way in which humans become infection with malaria and west nile virus differ?

Can you tell me how the way in which humans become infection with malaria and west nile virus differ?

Malaria vs WNV: West Nile Virus is found in temperate & tropical areas of the world. West Nile Virus has been detected in Culex, Anopheles, Culiseta, Deinocerites, Psorophora, Mansonia, Coquillettidia, Uranotaenia & Aedes mosquitoes. But the most common carriers are Culex & Aedes. Malaria is usually found in tropical & subtropical areas. There are about 3,500 species of mosquitoes. Only 30 to 40 species of ...Read more

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What are the differences between Lyme disease and the west nile virus?

Not much in common: Lyme Disease is caused by borrelia (a bacteria). West Nile Virus is caused by a virus. The former causes a targetoid rash and can infect just about any organ system including the eye, joints,heart, and brain if left untreated. It is transmitted to humans by a deer tick. West Nile virus is transmitted by a mosquito and in most cases is asymptomatic. 20% get rash / fever. Encephalitis is rare. ...Read more

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I have west nile virus, have I transmit the disease directly to my family members?

I have west nile virus, have I transmit the disease directly to my family members?

No: Humans are "dead-end hosts" that means you can only transmit wnv to others through blood transfusions and organ donations. ...Read more

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Is there a difference between west nile virus and hansen disease (leprosy)?

West nile virus: West nile virus - is a mosquito transmitted virus that causes encephalitis (brain inflammation). This can cause coma and death. Leprosy is caused by a bacteria that affects peripheral nerves, skin, eye, mucosa -- secondary infections is usually the cause of death. ...Read more

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Virus (Definition)

A virus is a small infectious agent that can replicate only inside the living cells of an organism. Viruses can infect all types of organisms, from animals and plants ...Read more


West Nile Virus (Definition)

West Nile Virus is a mosquito borne infection that originated in the tropics. It causes a flu-like syndrome in 20% of those infected . It ...Read more