Doctor insights on:
Infant Soft Spot Sunken
Soft spot on head is sunken is a symptom in which the soft spot (fontanels) on top of a baby's head is less firm than usual, and is moderately sunken below the scalp. Sunken fontanels can be seen in babies with dehydration. A normal soft spot is slightly "sunken" below the level ...Read more
Dermatologist says my infant son has developed a congenital nevus (specifically a cafe au lait spot) on his face within past few weeks. How likely will this turn into a huge, black, hairy mole? Nervous! :-(
Not going to happen: The black hairy nevus (bathing trunk nevus) does not arise from a café au lait spot. The BHN is visible at birth in its true form. It can expand some as the kid grows, but is a separate issue from the more common café au lait spots. ...Read more
Not to worry: A little bit of sinking is entirely normal. It's when it goes the other way, "bulging" that we pediatricians get freaked out. If it is sunken a lot to the point it looks like a bowl, baby may need a bit extra fluid intake. Otherwise, don't worry. ...Read more
I have a spot on the top of my head that is sunken in. It hurts very badly if any hair near it is pulled or I touch it, even if it's gently. ?
See a dermatologist: for diagnosis and treatment because without seeing it I have no idea ...Read more
Is it possible for babies to have sunken soft spot due to stress. My son gets sunken soft spot when trying to sit or stand and its gone when he lying?
Pressure monitor: The soft spot reflects the pressure of the fluid underneath.When a baby is upright, it tends to flatten or dip,like a water balloon.Likewise,when they lay down, it fills and may bulge like the same water balloon. If they cry,pressure goes up, if dehydrated, it goes down. If it is ever tense and full, a doc should check baby. ...Read more
It is normal : It is normal, if it is sunken it means the baby is dehydrated, so it is ok. ...Read more
6w5d newborn is not dehydrated however soft spot feels a little bit sunken. She's alert no other signs of dehydration. How sunken should it be? ER?
Not much: If a child is otherwise well, taking normal feeds and urinating routinely without vomiting, diarrhea, fevers, etc, a slight depression of the fontanelle ("soft spot") need not be cause for alarm. Unless something else of concern is happening, this is not a reason to visit the ER. A pediatrician could safely confirm that this is normal during regular hours. ...Read more
Soft spot feels sunken in when holding 6w girl upright not when lying down. Veins on head look visible and feel dented or deep cut. Are these normal?
Probably. : It's normal for the soft spot to flatten, sink and bulge depending on positioning, crying and hydration status. And infants do normally have visible scalp veins. What matters is how is the baby acting? Feeding ok? Sleeping ok? Irritable? Fever? If other issues, contact your pediatrician. ...Read more
I noticed a spot under my eye. It is red and appears to be sunken in like a hole with purple spider viens in and around. What could this be?
You really need to: have this checked out! Your eye doctor can see it iunder a slit lamp microscope and tell you exactly what's going on. Any inflammation will have dilated capillaries surrounding it. The key is to get to it early, and see what else is going on INSIDE the eyeball too! So, don't delay! It may be nothing, and then it may be something! We can't diagnose on this forum, but your doctor can! Call now! ...Read more
Fontanelles: Fontanelles are soft spots on an infant's head that represent where the bones that make up the skull will later fuse. Most babies have an anterior fontanelle (in the front), and some neonates may have a posterior fontanelle (in the back), though this is uncommon. The anterior fontanelle typical closes around 12 months of age. ...Read more
Usually not: Usually primary (baby) teeth come in without any blemishes. Blemishes are usually a result of some disturbance in calcification of the teeth. ...Read more
Is hand foot mouth disease in infants dangerous. My son had it he is 2 and my 9 week old just noticed spots on her feet?
Hand, foot, mouth disease,
is caused by a virus and it is quite common in childhood. For the most part it will resolve on its own, but as you develop the same lesions on the throat, it may make it painful to swallow and babies may become dehydrated. Offer smaller more frequent feeds, see if your baby will drink cool temp. Formula and offer pedialyte frequently. If concerned, see your doc. ...Read more
My infant and toddler both have hand foot & mouth. Are they still contagious once the spots appear? Also my infant is 9mths old. Dangerous or ok?
Hand Foot and Mouth: Hand, foot, and mouth disease is usually not serious. The illness is typically mild, and nearly all patients recover in 7 to 10 days without medical treatment. Complications are uncommon except for dehydration. Hand foot and mouth is contagious roughly for a few days before the symptoms appear untill they start to feel better and the spots and ulcers have healed over, so usually about 7 to 10 days. ...Read more
No, but Dr can check: Gangrene is dead flesh, which would cause not just a "sunken spot" but lots of other symptoms such as pain, swelling, redness, fever, etc..., if it were in or on one's leg muscles. However, "sunken spots" are unusual and should be examined by a primary care doctor. ...Read more
Raised fontanelle: An opoen fontanelle that is usually flat and pulsatile may be slightly bulging when crying or when lying down. If it is bulging all the time consult your doctor who will have head circumference measurements. If your child is otherwise healthy and the head circumference is increasing normally, i would not worry. ...Read more
Normal or not ?: Studies in the late 80's documented 2-4% of normal infants retain a detectable soft spot at 24mo. Persistence of this feature is common to medical conditions like hypothyroidism & a variety of named syndromes. If your child is growing & developing well, i see no need to worry over this issue. If there are developmental or other health issues, bring this to the attention of your doctor. ...Read more
Black Tongue: Black tongue can be an overgrowth of the little hairy papillae on the tongue and isn't harmful. You can scrub the spot with a soft baby toothbrush twice daily & it should go away. (also, think if you have given anything that could stain the tongue--iron drops, pepto bismal, metal teether). ...Read more
Depends: This issue has emerged since the 90's when we shifted to back sleeping to avoid SIDS. Many self correct when they begin to sit upright & get out of the position that prolongs it.Some who sleep leaning to one or other side develop a neck muscle issue and need stretching exercises.Rare kids might benefit from a helmet.These treatments are all dependent on a good evaluation done with your doc. ...Read more
Yes: The soft spot, or anterior fontanelle, remains open until about age 2 years. This allows the brain to grow freely without waiting for the skull bones to keep up. At 18 months the fontanelle may still be present, may be small, or it may seem closed. As long as the baby's head circumference is growing in the normal range, the fontanelle is fine. ...Read more
More info needed.: Why was an investigation done on the heart? What testing saw an abnormality. What is meant by spot? Testing neonates for heart issues only occurs after something is found, so there is more to this question than meets the eye. Most newborn heart issues are based upon abnormal anatomy (congenital heart disease). If the anatomy is normal, that is helpful. Talk with your doctor! ...Read more
None I know of: The soft spot varies in size and shape from birth forward. It will close on its own time table.Some medical conditions are associated with posterior soft spots or poor skull bone formation, but these are evident on exam. Issues the will eventually self correct are left alone to do so. ...Read more
My 1Week old baby doesn't have a pulsating soft spot what could be the problem any cause for alarm or it's normal.
Normal : it is normal and your pediatrician will check it at 2 weeks visit ...Read more
Baby has flat spot right back side and in front left side. Will her head shape be fine later or will it be same. Worried. Birth time she was fine. ?
"back to sleep": When it was established that putting an infant tummy side down increased the risk of SIDS, parents were told to put infants on their backs to sleep. Since an infant's skull is very malleable, it can cause flattening of the back of the skull. Give your baby plenty of tummy time while awake. As her brain grows and her sleep position varies, this flattening may get less apparent with time. ...Read more
Myself & partner want to try for a baby what will happen to my body just after I come off the pill?will I bleed or spot & how quick can we conceive?
PG soon: Pregnancy after coming off the pill is usually sooner then most women are prepared. It is always wise to allow for at least one normal period to occur post pill before attempting conception. After pill ovarian suppression it is best not to conceive with the first "egg out of the box" for genetic reasons. ...Read more
Baby was born with a small (5mm) cafe au lait spot. Looks like he's getting another one but he's 1 year now. I have two small ones. Could this be nf1?
Some findings in nf1: Symptoms of nf1, which may be evident at birth and nearly always by the time the child is 10 years old, pigmented, light brown spots, six or more measuring 5 mm in greatest diameter in prepubertal individuals and over 15 mm in greatest diameter in postpubertal individuals. These are criteria for skin lesions and nf1. Armpit freckling, iris lesions, skin and subcut nodules some other findings ...Read more
6w baby spat up a lot after a feeding and them ate fine a few hours later. Many wet diapers but slightly sunken Fontanelle. Dehydration? She was cryin
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