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Doctor insights on: Infant Respiratory Distress Syndrome Irds

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Dr. Stephen Scholand
7 doctors shared insights

Respiratory System (Definition)

The respiratory system consists of all organs in the body related to breathing including the nose, mouth, trachea and lungs. All four of these are ...Read more


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What is respiratory distress syndrome rds?

What is respiratory distress syndrome rds?

RDS: We build our lungs in stages like building a house. One of the final stages is the production of a soapy material called surfactant that lines the inside of air sacs & prevents the sacs from deflating after air breathing starts.Infants that are not making enough surfactant to keep air sacs open so many will deflate leading to distress. Assistance is needed until a baby starts making more surfacta. ...Read more

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What is neonatal respiratory distress syndrome?

What is neonatal respiratory distress syndrome?

Premature lung: Prematures lack surfactant which is essential to keep alveoli expanded. This results in gradual collapse of more and more alveoli, (atelectasis) making it more difficult to oxygenate the blood. This becomes hyaline membrane disease or neonatal respiratory distress syndrome. ...Read more

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What is acute respiratory distress syndrome (ards)?

What is acute respiratory distress syndrome (ards)?

ARDS: A lung injury caused by many different conditions where the membrane separating the air space from the blood space becomes porous allowing fluid to fill up the air spaces and prevent o2 transport. The lung becomes stiff and difficult to inflate increasing the work of breathing. Most people will require a ventilator and ICU care. ...Read more

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Can smoke lead to acute respiratory distress syndrome?

Can smoke lead to acute respiratory distress syndrome?

Risk factor: Acute respiratory distress syndrome ARDS isform of lung failure results, inability to carry oxygen is seen in sepsis, burns, major injuries, drugs pneumonia, viral infection, and when other starts to fail. Smoking is a very important , contributory risk factor, even though smoking itself alone will not cause ards. ...Read more

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Can a prematured baby with respiratory distress syndrome fully recovered?

Can a prematured baby with respiratory distress syndrome fully recovered?

Absolutely: There have been many studies showing excellent lung function in children who suffered from respiratory distress syndrome as premies. However, these babies may be more susceptible to long term consequences to the developing lungs of viral infections, cigarette smoke and allergens. ...Read more

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What is acute respiratory distress syndrome ards?

What is acute respiratory distress syndrome ards?

Severe SOB: ARDS is severe shortness of breath caused by an insult and inflamatory response to the lungs. Its not cardiogenic and can be infectious, toxic, or autoimmmune.Some pts need to placed on a ventilator while recovering.Breathing treatments, antiobiotics, steroids as needed.The source should be sought out to target therapy. ...Read more

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Bronchopulmonary dysplasia and infant respiratory distress syndrome are the same thing?

Bronchopulmonary dysplasia and infant respiratory distress syndrome are the same thing?

Degree of injury: Bpd is likely to occur in infants whose rds was prolonged and whose airway pressures for ventilation were high enough to produce the level of airway injury seen with bpd. The human system has a great capacity to repair itself over time & the bpd kid is the one whose lungs may show abnormalities for several years while the transient rds kid's lung is essentially normal by age 1. ...Read more

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Describe the pathophysiology of adult respiratory distress syndrome?

Describe the pathophysiology of adult respiratory distress syndrome?

Prematurity: Leads to immature lunga with inadequate surfactant, a detergent that helps keep alveoli open. High o2 concentrations can cause retrolentil fibroplasoia leading to blindness. ...Read more

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Can caesarian delivery and respiratory distress syndrome be related?

Can caesarian delivery and respiratory distress syndrome be related?

Yes: Generally respiratory distress following c section is because of fluid in the lungs that can take few hours to clear up , other times it really depends on the reason for the c section. If the c section is done because of fetal distress it indicates there was some problem already and c section is only incidental. ...Read more

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What babies are at risk of developing the neonatal respiratory distress syndrome?

What babies are at risk of developing the neonatal respiratory distress syndrome?

Resp. distress syndr: Its caused by deficiency of surfactant that lines the airways&lung immaturity. From baby being premature vs genetic protein def. Varies in severity form baby to baby & some may require ventilatory support. Depends on gestational age from about 50% in babies born at 26–28 weeks, to about 25% at 30–31 weeks. Is more frequent in infants of diabetic mothers & in the second born of premature twins. ...Read more

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Are bronchopulmonary dysplasia and infant respiratory distress syndrome one and the same?

Are bronchopulmonary dysplasia and infant respiratory distress syndrome one and the same?

No.: Infant rds happens minutes to hours after a premature birth, due to lack of surfactant ('lubricant') in baby lungs. Bpd is long-term (weeks to months) damage resulting from rds. ...Read more

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What is respiratory distress syndrome in a baby?

What is respiratory distress syndrome in a baby?

Prematurity: Leads to immature lunga with inadequate surfactant, a detergent that helps keep alveoli open. High o2 concentrations can cause retrolentil fibroplasoia leading to blindness. ...Read more

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Explain the condition called adult respiratory distress syndrome.?

Explain the condition called adult respiratory distress syndrome.?

Emergency: ARDS is a general term for acute respiratory failure in which the capillaries in the lungs leak causing the air spaces to fill with fluid. There are many causes. Treatment requires supplemental oxygen and a search for the underlying cause. Mechanical ventilation with a "breathing machine" temporarily is necessary in many cases. ...Read more

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What sort of problem is acute respiratory distress syndrome (a.R.D.S.)?

What sort of problem is acute respiratory distress syndrome (a.R.D.S.)?

Fluid in lungs: ARDS ( first called da nang lung as it was seen in the wounded in the vietnam war) is seen with many kinds of injuries to the lung either direct like pneumonia, or indirect like traumatic injury). Inflammation starting in the lung or elsewhere causes the lung to become fluid filled, stiff and leads to respiratory failure. Treatment is mechanical ventilator support and treatment underlying cause. ...Read more

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How can acute pancreatitis cause adult respiratory distress syndrome?!

How can acute pancreatitis cause adult respiratory distress syndrome?!

Difficulty breathing: Acute pancreatitis can instigate an overwhelming inflammatory response that can severe inflammation of the lungs causing lung damage. The lung damage can be so severe which leads to a bad case of shortness of breath. ...Read more

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How could a heroin overdose cause acute respiratory distress syndrome (ards)?

How could a heroin overdose cause acute respiratory distress syndrome (ards)?

Leak: Heroin itself, as well as the many substances used to "cut" the heroin (think of it like the drug dealer watering down the drink, only ts the heroin being diluted, usually with talk, but any white powder, even bleach) can all cause direct injury the lung's blood vessel and lining, resulting in leak of plasma and fluid into the lung. This is exactly what ARDS is, pulmonary edema from leaky vessels. ...Read more

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What is the causeof respiratory distress syndrome?

What is the causeof respiratory distress syndrome?

Two types: Sepsis syndrome, severe multiple trauma, and aspiration of saliva/gastric contents account for most cases of acute respiratory distress syndrome in the adult. Rds of the newborn is a completely different entity and a common problem in preterm infants. It is caused by deficiency of pulmonary surfactant in an immature lung. ...Read more

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Why does a heroin overdose cause acute respiratory distress syndrome (ards)?

Possible: Vomiting and aspiration can cause ARDS and is the most frequent cause in heroin od. Sometimes direct toxicity from adulterants in heroin can cause an acute lung injury. ...Read more

Sudden Severe Difficulty Breathing (Definition)

Sudden severe difficulty breathing is an emergency. In most cases the right thing to do is to summon emergency ...Read more


Baby Breathing Problems At Birth (Definition)

There are many causes of respiratory problems during the neonatal period. These include pulmonary,cardiac ...Read more