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Doctor insights on: Immunodeficiency Syndromes

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Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome preventable yet?

Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome preventable yet?

Safe sex.: Safe sex, avoiding illicit drug use, and universal precautions for healthcare workers can prevent most cases of hiv. ...Read more

Dr. Dawn Sokol
176 Doctors shared insights

Weak Immune System (Definition)

That's when a person has a weakened immune system from whatever reason: drugs, infection, malnutrition, etc. While immunodeficiency, is when an arm of the immune system is weakened or absent, can be something primary (born with) or secondary (acquired later in life) ...Read more


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Managing Restless Leg Syndrome (Checklist)

See a vein specialist
Once
Check your cholesterol medications
Once
Have a venous ultrasound to check for reflux
Once
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Which test can be use to dignose/identify any immunodeficiency? Thanks

Which test can be use to dignose/identify any immunodeficiency? Thanks

History is important: The specific tests to identify an immunodeficiency are guided by the history and physical exam from your doctor. Tests to evaluate the immune system can include complete blood count (CBC) with differential, peripheral blood smear, esr, immunoglobulin (ig) profile with total iga, igm, igg and at times ige (if eczema present). Total hemolytic complement (ch50) and as well as HIV may be checked. ...Read more

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What are the tests for severe combined immunodeficiency?

What are the tests for severe combined immunodeficiency?

Depends: Scid screening should be done very early in life -- within the first few days. This test is clinically available and looks for, or the lack of, trec's -- which are parts of dna that should be present if immune system is developing properly. If scid screen is abnl and suggests scid the immunophenotyping will be done to confirm screen and further identify genetic defect. ...Read more

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Managing Carpal Tunnel Syndrome (Checklist)

Wear a wrist brace at night
daily
Take pain medications as directed
Once
Use proper posture when performing tasks
Once
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What is the cause of combined immunodeficiency?

Several gene defects: Combined immunodeficiency (cid) results from many gene defects, they have in common that the result is impairment of the cells of the immune system and also the production of antibodies. Cells and antibodies are essential to fight infections and also for surveillance of cancer cells. ...Read more

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Does anyone treat a baby with severe combined immunodeficiency?

Does anyone treat a baby with severe combined immunodeficiency?

SCID treatment: Highly-trained pediatric immunologists in hospital settings are generally the doctors who treat scid. A good place for you to start learning about this disorder is to go to the website of the immune deficiency foundation: www. Primaryimmune. Org or to go to the jeffrey modell centers website: www. Info4pi. Org. Your local allergist/immunologist can also refer you to the nearest facility in your area. ...Read more

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Living with Asperger's Syndrome (Checklist)

Learn about your condition
once
Practice stress management and mindfulness
2x day
Do not be afraid to ask for feedback
3x day
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Is there a way to treat severe combined immunodeficiency with gene therapy?

Yes, experimental: Over 30 patients with severe combined immunodeficiency (scid) have been treated with gene therapy. They have included Adenosine deaminase deficiency form and the x-linked form. Results have been highly promising and favorable compared to bone marrow transplantation. Long-term benefits and side effects are still been studied. ...Read more

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Is there a way to prevent severe combined immunodeficiency?

Is there a way to prevent severe combined immunodeficiency?

No: Scid is a genetic disease that children are born with. Currently there is no way to prevent scid. However, newborn screening for scid can identify scid patients very early in life and allow them the opportunity to be further eval/treated and save their lives. ...Read more

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Living with Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (Checklist)

Eliminate low-fat, high-carb foods from your diet
once
Monitor your weight and review your diet daily
daily
Blend exercises that make sense into your daily routine
daily
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Explan why one human immunodeficiency virus test cannot definitely diagnose hiv?

Good question: The HIV test to which you refer is an ELISA assay which is quite sensitive but not as specific as the confirmatory western blot. These measure the presence of antibodies to the HIV and these may take from 2 wks to several months to develop. If you run the test before the antibodies have appeared, it will be negative, only to change to positive once antibody formation has occurred. ...Read more

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Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome preventable yet?

Safe sex.: Safe sex, avoiding illicit drug use, and universal precautions for healthcare workers can prevent most cases of hiv. ...Read more

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Living with Down Syndrome (Checklist)

Enroll in an early intervention program
Once
Get help from local and national support groups
Once
Consider getting help from mental health professionals
Once
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Besides HIV what leads to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome?

Besides HIV what leads to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome?

Synonymous: Aids is caused by HIV infection. You can become immuno-suppressed by other conditions and illnesses, but the term is generally used to mean the result of HIV infection, although not everybody with HIV infection will have aids, . ...Read more

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Besides HIV what can lead to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome?

Besides HIV what can lead to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome?

Secondary immunodef: As dr. Gallant explains, only hiv-1 and hiv-2 cause aids. If you are asking what other causes are there for other aquired immune deficiencies besides hiv/aids, then there are several. A new one was just reported this week from an nih team. Sometimes these are called "other secondary immunodeficiency" rather than "other acquired immunodeficiency syndromes (aids)". See an immunologist. ...Read more

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Living with Irritable Bowel Syndrome (Checklist)

Try to notice and avoid precipitating factors
Once
Start a trial of increased dietary fiber
Once
See your primary care physician or gastroenterologist if symptoms persist
Once
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Is there anything besides HIV that leads to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome?

Is there anything besides HIV that leads to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome?

No: For all practical purposes the answer is no, but there are other means of depleting the CD4 count, some of which are of unknown source. They can produce a similar result as hiv, and we can do this as well with some of the drugs used to treat a variety of illnesses in medical practice. But when we talk about immunodeficiency syndrome we are almost always talking about HIV disease. ...Read more

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Which immune cells are most often attacked in acquired immunodeficiency syndrome?

Which immune cells are most often attacked in acquired immunodeficiency syndrome?

CD4 T helper cells: The CD4 t helper cells are reduced by HIV infection. The virus that causes aids also infects macrophage cells but the reduction in t helper cells is the most important indicator of HIV disease progression towards aids. ...Read more

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Living with Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFIDS) (Checklist)

Don't overdo it when you have more energy than usual
Once
Try slow and steady movement like qigong, tai chi, or yoga
Once
Consider natural medical alternatives such as dipsacus
Once
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Can acquired immunodeficiency syndrome from swimming at the same time as other aids patients in the pool?

Can acquired immunodeficiency syndrome from swimming at the same time as other aids patients in the pool?

No: Hiv is not transmitted casually, and the virus, even if somehow entered the water, which is highly unlikely, would be rapidly killed, and even if not, would need some portal of entry into the other person - either directly to their blood or an open lesion. All virtually impossible. ...Read more

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How do I find an MD who has expertise in treating CFIDS, FMS & Primary Immunodeficiency Syndrome, or, what type of M.D. usually treats these?

How do I find an MD who has expertise in treating CFIDS, FMS & Primary Immunodeficiency Syndrome, or, what type of M.D. usually treats these?

Internal medicine: An Internal Medicine Specialist would be the most qualified person to address your concerns. The Physician may involve an immunologist and a pain specialist as part of a care team. ...Read more

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How is severe combined immunodeficiency inhereited?

How is severe combined immunodeficiency inhereited?

Forms of SCID: The original question asked about scid (severe combined immunedeficiency), not cvid (common variable immunodeficiency). There are several types of scid. Scid can be transmitted by both x-linked, and autosomal recessive patterns. Patients with scid have a defect in their immune system that makes them vulnerable to deadly infections. See an immunologist if you suspect scid. ...Read more

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What are the risks associated with immunodeficiency?

What are the risks associated with immunodeficiency?

Infections and: Tumors.
Immune deficiency makes a person susceptible to various infections by bacterial, viruses, fungi etc that can affect any organ system. Patients with immune deficiency are also at risk for tumors such as kaposi sarcoma, lymphoma and skin cancers. Ironically immune deficiency may also contribute to auto-immune diseases. ...Read more

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What are the tests for severe combined immunodeficiency?

Depends: Scid screening should be done very early in life -- within the first few days. This test is clinically available and looks for, or the lack of, trec's -- which are parts of dna that should be present if immune system is developing properly. If scid screen is abnl and suggests scid the immunophenotyping will be done to confirm screen and further identify genetic defect. ...Read more

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In what way is severe combined immunodeficiency transmitted?

In what way is severe combined immunodeficiency transmitted?

Inherited: Severe combined immunodeficiency (scid) is a genetic condition. The defective gene is transmitted from parents to their children, though many times is an 'accident of nature' that starts with the affected child. Genetic counseling is helpful. ...Read more

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Does anyone treat a baby with severe combined immunodeficiency?

SCID treatment: Highly-trained pediatric immunologists in hospital settings are generally the doctors who treat scid. A good place for you to start learning about this disorder is to go to the website of the immune deficiency foundation: www. Primaryimmune. Org or to go to the jeffrey modell centers website: www. Info4pi. Org. Your local allergist/immunologist can also refer you to the nearest facility in your area. ...Read more

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What's the difference between immunodeficiency and autoimmunity?

What's the difference between immunodeficiency and autoimmunity?

Function and target: The immune system should react against substances that harm us, and should tolerate substances that do not harm us. In immunodeficiency, there is a weakness on the immune response. Infectious occur frequently and more severe. In autoimmunity, there is malfunction on the immune response, targetting our own tissues, such as our joints in rheumatoid arthritis. Both processes may occur together. ...Read more