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Doctor insights on: Immunity Clostridium

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What is the immune response to clostridium botulinum, clostridium tetani or clostridium perfringes?

What is the immune response to clostridium botulinum, clostridium tetani or clostridium perfringes?

Do your homework: Your instructors will expect you to answer your homework questions from the assigned reading. The wording and jargon will be recognizable and you will be dinged if you do not.This information site is not set up to provide a shortcut for homework answers. ...Read more

Immunity (Definition)

In medicine, having an immunity to certain disease is to mean you are protected from getting it. For example: flu vaccination trigers the body to develop the immunity(antibody)/protection so that it won't get the flu. The idea is similar to the law: to provide immunity to someone is to protect that person from potential physical harm by other(s). Have ...Read more


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Can taking probiotics prevent clostridium difficile infections?

Yes.: Studies have shown that probiotics can prevent c.Diff infections and other antibiotic associated complications like diarrhea. Best way to prevent c.Diff infections is good hand washing if you visit a hospital or nursing home. Also by not taking antibiotics for viral illnesses like bronchitis and sinusitis. You increase your risk of c. Diff when you take abx for things like these. ...Read more

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Clostridium difficile toxin b gene present clostridium dificile antigen presen. Would u no how severe the c diff is?

Clostridium difficile toxin b gene present
clostridium dificile antigen presen. Would u no how severe the c diff is?

Have diarrhea or no?: C.Difficile is pathogenic in older children & adults (whose colonic microflora are altered by antibiotics, chemotherapy, salmonella/shigella). C.Diff causes diarrhea w/pseudomembranous & other colitis, complicates inflammatory bowel disease, causes fulminant transmural extension, perforation with peritonitis, toxic megacolon. Treatment, & confirmation of post-treatment eradication, is recommended. ...Read more

Dr. Jay Park Dr. Park
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Does the body produce antitoxins against clostridium botulinum and tetani toxins?

Dr. Jay Park Dr. Park
1 doctor agreed:
Does the body produce antitoxins against clostridium botulinum and tetani toxins?

Yes but...: In neither conditions, recovery from the disease does not confer immunity because the toxin is usually not present in amount large enough to induce adequate immune response. ...Read more

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Immunity to rubella means immune to chickenpox?

Immunity to rubella means immune to chickenpox?

No: These are two different germs and immunity to one does not mean immunity to the other. ...Read more

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What can transmit clostridium difficile?

Fecal contamination: C diff may be transmitted from one patient to an other on the hands of hospital workers if they do not wash hands between patients. ...Read more

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Does the chicken pox vaccine confer lifelong immunity?

Does the chicken pox vaccine confer lifelong immunity?

Possibly: Introduced in the late 70's in japan, the current CP vaccine was not adopted in the us until the 90's. There are good data that one dose removes the risk of death with cp, but likely only 85% get protective immunity from 1 dose, with that improving to >95% after 2 doses given at least a month apart. Time will tell if future boosters are needed but with 30+ years of worldwide data it looks good. ...Read more

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Why is clostridium difficile an opportunistic infection?

Why is clostridium difficile an opportunistic infection?

Lack of normal bugs: C diff only get foot hold in the colon when normal bugs are killed off by antibiotics. ...Read more

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Prevnar (pneumococcal vaccine) 13 vaccine has diphtheria proteins in it. Does Prevnar (pneumococcal vaccine) 13 vaccine protect against pneumococcus and diphtheria? Thank-you!

Prevnar (pneumococcal vaccine) 13 vaccine has diphtheria proteins in it.  Does Prevnar (pneumococcal vaccine) 13 vaccine protect against pneumococcus and diphtheria?  Thank-you!

No: The diphtheria proteins used for PCV-13 (Prevnar) are not antigenic for diphtheria. That means they are not recognized by the body to produce an immune response. They just help carry the pneumococcal proteins into the appropriate cells to create the immune response for the pneumococcal bacteria. ...Read more

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Can the immune system replicate antibodies from vaccines?

Can the immune system replicate antibodies from vaccines?

Unclear question: Immune system normally makes all types of antibodies in very small amounts. Vaccines increase the amount of antibodies to the antigens in the vaccine. ...Read more

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What is intestinal infection with clostridium difficile?

What is intestinal infection with clostridium difficile?

Abx complication: An infection resulting from antibiotic use that can cause diarrhea and other colonic problems. It requires treatment with either Metronidazole or oral vancomycin. ...Read more

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Shingles vaccine needed in suppressed immune systems?

Shingles vaccine needed in suppressed immune systems?

Contraindicated: Shingles vaccine (zostavax) is a live attenuated vaccine that contains a pretty good dose of weakened chicken pox virus. It is not recommended in people who are immunosuppressed due to risk of infection arising from the vaccine. ...Read more

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Human immunodeficiency virus--can it mutate?

Human immunodeficiency virus--can it mutate?

Yes: Hiv mutates in response to HIV therapy. If you're being treated without a complete response (partial suppression), the virus can mutate so it can replicate in the presence of the drugs. This usually happens in people who don't take their medications properly. They can then transmit the mutant virus to others. Spontaneous mutation (mutation independent of therapy) has not been a big problem. ...Read more

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What's clostridium difficile?

What's clostridium difficile?

Colitis: This organism causes colitis in patients given antibiotis. The antibiotics kill the normal flora in the colon and allow c diff to grow. It releases a toxin that causes necrosis and ulcers in the colon. The infection may be acquired in the hospital and sperad by hospital, on their hands, from one patient to another. ...Read more

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Can tdap vaccine cause c diff relapse ?

Can tdap vaccine cause c diff relapse ?

Absolutely not! : Vaccines in no way affect current or past infection, especially when the vaccine given has nothing to do with the illness . Most likely recurrences from incompletely treated or resistant original infection. ...Read more

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Do inactivated rabies vaccines elicit cell mediated immunity(t-cells) aside from just antibody production?

Activated rabies vac: Yes. They activate dendritic cells and presumptively enhance immune function in that fashion. J virol 2011 feb; 85(4) :1634-44. ...Read more

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Can leprosy mutate into a deadlier disease, resisitant to current vaccines?

Can leprosy mutate into a deadlier disease, resisitant to current vaccines?

BCG has been used : in attempts to vaccinate against leprosy but isn't that effective. More specific vaccines are in development. At this point, leprosy has consistently responded to multi-drug therapy which for multibacillary leprosy is usually Dapsone, Rifampicin & Clorazime. Other antibiotics can be used. This is one of the oldest diseases known to mankind and appears to remain steady in it's form. ...Read more

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Could leprosy mutate into a deadlier disease, resisitant to current vaccines?

Agree w Dr. Novick: Vaccine is in development at this time. Currently there have been no cases of leprosy which are resistant to multi-drug tx. Multi-drug therapy for multibacillary leprosy is usually Dapsone, Rifampicin & Clorazime. Other antibiotics can be used. Fewer antibiotics may be used for other forms of leprosy. Multi-drug therapy continues to be an effective treatment for leprosy. ...Read more

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Dr. Stephen Scholand
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Clostridium Difficile (Definition)

C. Diff, it is a spore forming bacillus that when the micro environment of the colon is modified by antimicrobials, it can germinate and elaborate a toxin causing pseudo membranous colitis, ...Read more