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Doctor insights on: Igm Beta2 Glycoprotein I Antibody What Type Of Doctor Is This Treated With

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I was wondering is anti-theophylline antibody monoclonal or polyclonal preparation and why?

I was wondering is anti-theophylline antibody monoclonal or polyclonal preparation and why?

Monoclonal: For standardization, essentially all antibodies used in lab assays nowadays are monoclonals. ...Read more

Dr. Gregory Lanza
823 doctors shared insights

Immunoglobulin M (Definition)

There are 5 classes of immune proteins: igg, iga, igm, ige and igd. Igm fights infection. If you produce too little then infections may occur and you have hypogammaglobulinemia. If you have too much you ...Read more


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We are planning to have have a baby doctor suggests several which includes rubell antibody IgG o.D. Is postive (1.59) what does it means?

We are planning to have have a baby doctor suggests several which includes rubell antibody IgG o.D. Is postive (1.59) what does it means?

Previous exposure: This means you have antibodies to rubella, and you should be immune to it which protects the baby. You likely had the MMR vaccine when you were younger which protected you. This is a good thing and the desired outcome. ...Read more

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Please tell me, could a person with a myelin associated glycoprotein antibody, IgM have multiple sclerosis?

Please tell me, could a person with a myelin associated glycoprotein antibody, IgM have multiple sclerosis?

Possible comorbidity: The mag levels do not help confirm multiple sclerosis or even seem to correlate with this disorder, and typically, point toward problems with the peripheral nervous system. You could have ms and another condition, and a neurologist might help with both. Suggest you discuss your test and seek correlations if any. ...Read more

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Results on immunofixation are: IgM kappa monoclonal protein in beta-2 band. What does this mean? What is my next step? I need to be proactive.

Results on immunofixation are:  IgM kappa monoclonal protein in beta-2 band.  What does this mean? What is my next step? I need to be proactive.

See hem/onc: You need to see a hematologist/oncologist for further evaluation. Some blood work needed , perhaps imaging study, and ultimately a bone marrow biopsy should be done. Go to see your primary doctor who can refer you to see a hematologist/oncologist. ...Read more

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Is it normal to have low levels of autoantibodies against your thyroid & 3.4 u/ml of autoantibodies against gad-65? What would this mean to a doctor?

Is it normal to have low levels of autoantibodies against your thyroid & 3.4 u/ml of autoantibodies against gad-65?  What would this mean to a doctor?

No: While it may be common, it is not normal. Low levels show you have had prior thyroiditis, but do not say when or how severe. The gad antibodies are associated with development of type 1 diabetes. Check w/your doctor. Ps: why did you have these drawn in the first place? ...Read more

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What type of doctor should I see for selective IgA deficiency?

What type of doctor should I see for selective IgA deficiency?

Immunologist: Although there is no real treatment for it, you can consult an allergist/immunologist about it. ...Read more

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The result of my SS-A/Ro Antibody, IgG, Serum is 1.6 and it says High. What could this mean? I have many lupus symptoms.

The result of my SS-A/Ro Antibody, IgG, Serum is 1.6 and it says High. What could this mean? I have many lupus symptoms.

Indeterminate: Anti-SSa/Ro autoantibodies are present in about 0.1-0.5 percent of people. There is an association with lupus but also biliary cirrhosis and Sjögren's syndrome. If you have this and other symptoms if lupus, as u say, it is possible you have lupus. You should consult with the doctor who ordered the blood work to determine for sure the next steps. Good luck! ...Read more

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Hi doctors !what is Rh disease is good or bad for a man to be Rh b negative , what is antigens ?

Hi doctors !what is Rh disease is good or bad  for  a man to be  Rh b negative  , what is antigens ?

Rh isoimmunization: This is a condition that affects a developing fetus. It usually happens when the mother is rh (-), the father is rh (+), and the fetus is rh (+). Fetal blood cells contain a surface antigen (a protein - called rh factor) that looks foreign to the mother. The mother makes antibodies to that protein which then pass through the placenta and attack the baby's blood cells, causing a dangerous anemia. ...Read more

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I got bloodwork done and this was the result: IMMUNOFIXATION SERUM Monoclonal protein identified as faint IgM kappa. What does this mean? Thank you

I got bloodwork done and this was the result: IMMUNOFIXATION SERUM Monoclonal protein identified as faint IgM kappa. What does this mean? Thank you

Need more info: All laboratory results need to be interpreted in the clinical context and the doctor who ordered the tests is usually in the best position to do that. Having said that, what you described is consistent with benign monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance. About 5% of people older than 65 have these. Please follow your doctor's advice for repeat tests. ...Read more

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What does it mean to have type b blood with antibodies U?

What does it mean to have type b blood with antibodies U?

See belo: Blood types can be O, A, B, and AB. Antibodies can be to those "type" pr0teins or due to other blood proteins- e.g. Rh, Kell, etc. You need to know what they are against to make more sense out of the results ...Read more

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I have lab results that show positive for the following; what does it mean with the different types and all? Salmonella H type a & b and Sal O type Vi

I have lab results that show positive for the following; what does it mean with the different types and all?
Salmonella H type a & b and Sal O type Vi

It's complicated: Human Salmonella infections are caused by the species Salmonella enterica, which is divided into six subspecies. There are over 2500 distinct serotypes(distinct variants) of the species. The Widal Test tests for antibodies to the surface(O) antigen and flagella(H)antigen. Acute and convalescent sera should show a 4 fold increase in titer to be considered positive. See > http:///bit.ly/1kJgGtF . ...Read more

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I have been diagnosed with cytomegalovirus IGg Antibody 9.59 (Au/ml). What is the treatment and consequences?

I have been diagnosed with cytomegalovirus IGg Antibody 9.59 (Au/ml). What is  the treatment and consequences?

Not enough info: A positive cytomegalovirus IGg Antibody means you have had cytomegalovirus infection sometime in the past (like the majority of people living on this earth). Does not mean you have infection at this time. ...Read more

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A case of haemospermia with negative psa tumour marker is glucophage (metformin) contraindicated with this case and if though what is replacement?

A case of haemospermia with negative psa tumour marker is glucophage (metformin) contraindicated with this case and if though what is replacement?

Probably nothing: Blood in the semen isn't well-understood but is fairly common in young men and is almost never a problemm, especially if you feel well otherwise. ...Read more

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Hi doctors !whats Rh factor , is it good or bad for someone to have it with blood type what's the risk of Rh ?

Hi doctors !whats Rh factor , is it good or bad for someone to have it with blood type  what's the risk of  Rh ?

Normal blood type: Rh factor refers to one of two major blood groups for all blood types. People are either rh positive or rh negative. It is important to know your rh status for receiving blood products. Rh determines blood compatibility and is neither good or bad. ...Read more

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What is IgG CMV blood test and what do results say about my health? Can it be indicative of lupus or another infection, disease, disorder, etc.?

What is IgG CMV blood test and what do results say about my health? Can it be indicative of lupus or another infection, disease, disorder, etc.?

Well: A positive test for CMV ( cytomegalovirus) IgG indicates that a person was infected with CMV at some time during their life but the IgG test cannot determine when a person was infected. It is a common virus that is usually harmless. However the immunosuppressed can become quite ill. Most people don't even know they have had it. ...Read more

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If positive for the hla b27 gene and 2cases of iritis, does this mean I have ankylosing spondylitis for sure? R these 2 factors enough for a diagnosis?

If positive for the hla b27 gene and 2cases of iritis, does this mean I have ankylosing spondylitis for sure? R these 2 factors enough for a diagnosis?

No: Hla b27 increases the risk for uveitis. Ankylosing spondylitis is associated with this but the diagnosis is made by physical exam and positive spine and hip x-rays. I have lots of patients with uveitis and hla b27 without other disease. ...Read more

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Is an abnormal rns with a >12% decrement (not done on an area that is really weak) specific for myasthenia gravis? Please assume patient has signs and symptoms of generalized mg, as this is the case.

Is an abnormal rns with a >12% decrement (not done on an area that is really weak) specific for myasthenia gravis? Please assume patient has signs and symptoms of generalized mg, as this is the case.

Not necessarily: Really require more than one area of decrement, and even so, nonspecific as can be seen with metabolic problems, muscle disease, neuropathies, and even can be artifactual. Maybe a tensilon test would be helpful, but of course, better approach via anti-neuromuscular junctional antibody or anti-musk results. In the end, if responding to mestinon, (pyridostigmine) may be a good confirmatory sign, also. ...Read more

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Antibody (Definition)

An antibody is a protein the body's immune system makes to identify potentially harmful substances in the body. Antibodies attach to the substance on a molecular level and mark it so the immune ...Read more