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Doctor insights on: Idiopathic Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension

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Is pulmonary hypertension hereditable?

Is pulmonary hypertension hereditable?

Yes: If you have primary pulmonary hypertension there are several classes of drugs to treat it. Tracleer, (bosentan) revatio, letaris are some of the drugs that can be used in the right situation. ...Read more

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Dr. Debra Rosenblatt
323 doctors shared insights

Hypertension (Definition)

A blood pressure reading has two numbers: a systolic blood pressure and a diastolic blood pressure. The systolic blood pressure is the maximum pressure the blood exerts on the vessels when the heart is beating. The diastolic blood pressure is the pressure the blood exerts on the vessels in between heartbeats. Hypertension, or high blood pressure, begins when the systolic blood pressure remains above 140 or when the diastolic blood pressure remains above 90. Hypertension can be a result of increased blood flow through vessels or increased resistance to ...Read more


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Is pulmonary hypertension hereditary?

Is pulmonary hypertension hereditary?

It may be inherited: Up to 5% of patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (pah) may have a genetic or heritable cause. Research studies have identified a genetic abnormality affecting bone morphogenetic protein receptor 2 (bmpr2) that appears to predispose a patient to pah. Fortunately, even if an individual inherits the abnormal gene, the likelihood of developing pah is only 1 in 5. ...Read more

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Difference between pulmonary hypertension and pulmonary atrial hypertension?

Difference between pulmonary hypertension and pulmonary atrial hypertension?

PH and PAH: Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is often first detected by echocardiogram and may be caused by a variety of conditions. Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is caused narrowing of the small lung arteries and must be diagnosed by heart catheterization. PAH requires treatment by an expert specialist. ...Read more

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Is pulmonary hypertension acquired disease?

Is pulmonary hypertension acquired disease?

Generally yes: Usually, it is acquired; however, up to 5% of patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) may have a genetic or heritable cause. ...Read more

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Define?accute anteroseptal myocardial infarction, atherosclerotic obstructive coronary artery disease, pulmonary edema, cardiogenic shock, hypokalemia

Define?accute anteroseptal myocardial infarction, atherosclerotic obstructive coronary artery disease, pulmonary edema, cardiogenic shock, hypokalemia

Here are some...: A 400-letter space is impossible to address many indicated subjects as questioned here. Why not type in the terms as keywords to search online? Thereby you surely gain a lot of pertinent information to feed your appetite of knowledge. Or you may just ask your doc who should be able to answer your questions to the point much easier. ...Read more

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Is pulmonary hypertension treatable?

Is pulmonary hypertension treatable?

PAH is treatable: FDA approved treatments include oral endothelin receptor antagonists, ambrisentan and bosentan; nitric oxide pathway, riociguat, tadalafil and sildenafil; and Prostanoids (iloprost, epoprostenol, and treprostinil) that can be oral, inhaled, or intravenous or subcutaneous infusion. These treatments widen lung blood vessels and ease the symptoms of Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension ...Read more

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How could pulmonary hypertension in mitral stenosis prevent pulmonary edema?

How could pulmonary hypertension in mitral stenosis prevent pulmonary edema?

Less flow to lungs: If the pressure in the pulmonary artery is high enough, the right ventricle's ability to pump bood to the lungs is diminished. Less blood flow to the lungs means that there is less fluid to leak out into the air spaces ( alveoli). ...Read more

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Cardiac vs pulmonary htn difference?

Cardiac vs pulmonary htn difference?

Location: The scales are the same, but regular hypertension is the blood pressure recorded on your arm or wrist cuff. The lungs typically are at a much lower pressure (20-30 mmhg) than the arms (120-140 mmhg). Pulmonary hypertension causes symptoms of heart failure, shortness of breath, and swelling of the legs. Regular essential hypertension is a risk factor for stroke and heart diseae. ...Read more

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Can pulmonary hypertension cause tachycardia?

Can pulmonary hypertension cause tachycardia?

Yes: If the heart function is reduced (called heart failure) by working against the pulmonary hypertension, then one way the heart compensates to increase blood flow is by increasing the heart rate, i.e. Tachycardia. ...Read more

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Could hypertension lead to pulmonary hypertension?

Could hypertension lead to pulmonary hypertension?

Yes: There are many causes of pulmonary hypertension and one specific cause is from left heart disease. If systemic high blood pressure (hypertension) remains untreated for a long time, it can cause consequences to the left ventricle of the heart and cause problems of relaxation or thickening. This in turn causes high pressure in the left side of the heart and ultimately backup of blood and Pulm Hyptn. ...Read more

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Is pulmonary hypertension an inherited disease?

Is pulmonary hypertension an inherited disease?

Sometimes: There are some forms of pulmonary HTN that are inherited and there are some conditions that lead to pul HTN that are inherited but there are also forms of pul HTN that are not inherited. ...Read more

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Stages of pulmonary hypertension?

PH Stages: There are not any specific stages of pulmonary hypertension (ph); however, one of the several ways your doctor determines the severity of the ph is by assessing your symptoms using the new york heart association (nyha) score from 1 to 4.. Four is the worse and typically involves shortness of breath at rest. ...Read more

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How are pulmonary hypertension, congestive heart failure interrelated?

How are pulmonary hypertension, congestive heart failure interrelated?

Closely: Impaired left heart function leads to elevated filling pressure of the left heart and this pressure is transmitted to the right heart creating pulmonary htn, this is the most common cause of pulmonary htn. When the right heart is the primary heart disease it reuslts in the right heart enlarging and pushing into the left heart. This will impair the forward flow of blood by the heart. ...Read more

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Could an echocardiogram detect pulmonary disease/pulmonary hypertension?

Could an echocardiogram detect pulmonary disease/pulmonary hypertension?

ECHO for PH: Pulmonary hypertension (ph) is often first detected by echocardiogram (echo) which estimates the pulmonary artery systolic pressure. The diagnosis is confirmed by right heart catheterization which measures mean pulmonary artery pressure and resistance. ...Read more

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Is pulmonary hypertension a hereditary condition?

Is pulmonary hypertension a hereditary condition?

It may be inherited: Up to 5% of patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (pah) may have a genetic or heritable cause. Research studies have identified a genetic abnormality affecting bone morphogenetic protein receptor 2 (bmpr2) that appears to predispose a patient to pah. Fortunately, even if an individual inherits the abnormal gene, the likelihood of developing pah is only 1 in 5. ...Read more

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What's pulmonary hypertension?

What's pulmonary hypertension?

High BP in the lung: The pressure in the blood vessels of the lung is increased in pulmonary htn. Causes can include heart disease, disease of the lung and primary disease of the blood vessel of the lung. The symptoms are mainly shortness of breath but can also include chest pain and dizziness. The disease can go unrecognized for some time before its diagnosed. ...Read more

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Pectoris atherosclerosis congestive heart failure coronary artery disease dilate hypertension myocardial angina pectoris, what are these?

Pectoris atherosclerosis congestive heart failure coronary artery disease dilate hypertension myocardial angina pectoris, what are these?

Cv words: These all refer to cardiovascular particulars. Pectoris = Chest. Atherosclerosis = vascular wall scarring from cholesterol deposit. Coronary artery disease = narrowing and atherosclerosis of heart arteries. Dilate = expand diameter. Hypertension = high blood pressure (within arterial network). Myocardial = heart. Angina pectoris = pain of chest from coronary artery disease, lack of oxygen to heart ...Read more

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Pulmonary hypertention a heart or lung condition?

Pulmonary hypertention a heart or lung condition?

Dual workup: Typically you should see both a cardiologist and pulmonologist individually to work this up since they will often take different but complimentary approaches. ...Read more

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Dr. Daniel Lebowitz
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Artery (Definition)

Arteries are defined as blood vessels which carry blood away from the heart (to either the body or lungs). Arteries: higher pressure, thicker walls, stretch (pulse) with each heart contraction & deliver blood to the arterioles which control the flow to individual capillaries. Veins are blood vessels which carry blood from capillaries back to the heart (body to right heart; ...Read more


Idiopathic (Definition)

An idiopathic medical condition is one of unknown or obscure cause. In some conditions, there may be known causes as well. For example, themajority of glaucoma cases are idiopathic (unknown cause), but there are some cases related to eye ...Read more