Doctor insights on:
Identify Symptoms Viral Meningitis
Viral meningitis is inflammation of the tissues in the brain and spinal cord that is caused most commonly by enteroviruses. Viral meningitis is not usually as severe as bacterial meningitis and usually resolves without any treatment. However, viral meningitis that is caused by the herpes virus can be life threatening if left untreated. Symptoms include fever, neck stiffness, ...Read more
Spinal fluid culture: To diagnose bacterial meningitis, typically, a spinal tap is done to remove a small amount of cerebrospinal fluid that surrounds the spinal cord and brain. The fluid is tested for the number of red blood cells, white blood cells, protien, and glucose. Then the fluid is cultured for bacteria which can take up to 3 to 4 days for results. It may also be cultured for viruses and that can take 7 day. ...Read more
Aseptic: Meningitis is an inflammation of the outer coating of the brain. A spinal tap will show inflammatory cells in spinal fluid. Bacteria will be seen and cultured if present. If nothing grows it is considered aseptic. This usually means that a virus is the cause. Special tests and cultures may or may not identify the virus. Viruses may infect the brain itself causing encephalitis. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Bacterial meningitis: The symptoms depend on the age of the patient. In children & babies they may not be able to tell us about their symptoms. They maye fever, vomitig lethargy or not feed well. Children however may be far progressed before their symptoms come to be noticed. If your child is not neuologically ame as routine & has fever you should have him/her be checked asap. ...Read more
Time: Almost all bacterial sinus infections occur following a viral upper respiratory infection. In the first several days following a cold the sinuses inflame due to the viral illness. About 15 to 20% of the time a viral illness becomes bacterial. 7 to 10 days after illness if symptoms persist or worsen with cough, headache, congestion, bacterial is now a likelyhood. ...Read more
By yourself...: In many cases, we don't have medication to kill the viruses that can cause hemorrhagic fevers. Anecdotally, people have used iv-ig, but in general, your immune system has to do the brunt of the work. As physicians, we can pretty much help with supportive management only. ...Read more
How will a doctor differentiate viral respiratory infection from bacterial infection? Signs are fever cough congestion, no sore throat - 4 days.
Usually easy: Normal w/ viral uri's to have a temp up to 72 hrs. If u have sore throat it's very unlikely to be strep when u also have cough/congestion (not always the case with kids). Flu is peaking now (in us) classic symptoms are high temp congestion, body aches, +\-sore throat or cough. If u r feeling unusually ill or measured temp exceeds 3 days u should be seen (sooner if u have chronic health cond. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Antivirals: There are antiviral medications available for some forms of infection. Hepatitis b and c, HIV disease, influenza, herpes simplex and several others. For the average common cold there is nothing but symptomatic relief available. Take Acetaminophen (tylenol), decongestants, etc. There are many otc products and your friendly pharmacist will be happy to guide you to the best. ...Read more
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