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Doctor insights on: I Have To Get A Pulmonary Function Test What Does This Entail

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I have to get a pulmonary function test. What does this entail?

I have to get a pulmonary function test. What does this entail?

Blowing: You have to blow into a tube. You will be given specific instructions by the therapist performing the test. No injections, no anesthesia. You might be given a medication to inhaler. You might have to sit in a closed glass box. ...Read more

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Pulmonary Function Test (Definition)

Pulmonary function tests is a term used to describe a group of tests done to determine lung function. Spirometry measures the amount of air that can be taken in as well as the flow rate of forcefully exhaled air . A graph is generated and can be used to determine lung function. Likewise lung volumes and diffusing capacity determine the capacity as well as ...Read more


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I have to get a colonoscopy. What does that involve?

I have to get a colonoscopy. What does that involve?

Bowel Prep: The bowel prep is usually the most uncomfortable part of the procedure. You will drink a fluid (a lot of it) that will try to clear out your intestines. The day of the procedure you will be put to sleep with sedatives or propofol. You will basically sleep through the whole procedure. ...Read more

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What should I expect from a pulmonary function test? What happens during a pulmonary function test? Will i be awake for this and are there risks?

What should I expect from a pulmonary function test? What happens during a pulmonary function test? Will i be awake for this and are there risks?

PFT: You are entirely awake and are asked to breath deeply then exhale as quickly as possible through a tube. This is repeated until you get three exhalations that are about the same. There is no real risk to this. I suppose some patients can hyperventilate and get a bit dizzy. ...Read more

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I have to have an echo ultrasound test done. For a possible mitral valve prolapse, what does this consist of and what problems can it detect?

I have to have an echo ultrasound test done.  For a possible mitral valve prolapse, what does this consist of and what problems can it detect?

Simple test : An echocardiogram is a specialized ultrasound examination of the heart. There are 2 types. The majority of echos are done by placing a water based gel on your chest and a probe is placed on the skin. We can see the function if the heart. We can also look at the valves, chambers and for holes in the heart. It takes about 15 minutes and requies no needles. ...Read more

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What does it mean to have a cardiopulmonary reserve?

What does it mean to have a cardiopulmonary reserve?

Cardiac reserve: Let's make an analogy to 'army reserve'. These army men are just standby without active duty. But when there is a war, these people will be involved. Similarly, you don't use cardiopulmonary reserve during normal activities. During stress or illness, you want your lungs to take as much air/oxygen as possible and increase heart rate to maintain adequate blood flow (cardiac output) to tissues. ...Read more

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I have a suspected duplex collecting system. What does this mean and how is it treated?

I have a suspected duplex collecting system. What does this mean and how is it treated?

I think you : Have double ureter in one of your kidneys, instead of the usual, which is one. It does not require any special treatment as long as your kidney is working fine. ...Read more

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What to do if i found out that I have a weak immune system. What will happen and what does this mean?

What to do if i found out that I have a weak immune system. What will happen and what does this mean?

Need more info: A "weak" immune system is not a medical term. If you mean immune deficiency, the type of deficiency will determine what the results may be. Without knowing what is wrong with your immune system, I can't be more specific ...Read more

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How to know if you have a pulmonary embolism? I think I have a calf sprain. What's the major differences and sign you need to see a dr.

How to know if you have a pulmonary embolism? I think I have a calf sprain. What's the major differences and sign you need to see a dr.

Positive Chest CT: If you present with possible signs of pe (shortness of breath, rapid pulse, chest pain, etc) a ct scan of the chest with contrast will frequently be done to confirm the diagnosis of pe. Then you would know. A calf "sprain" could be clots in the leg veins but only infrequently progress to a pe. ...Read more

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What does it mean to have occasional high blood pressure and what can be done for it until you see a doctor?

What does it mean to have occasional high blood pressure and what can be done for it until you see a doctor?

Blood pressure: At times everyone has elevated blood pressure, this may be due to anxiety, stress, anger or even eating a big meal. You need to be treated for hypertension when the blood pressure is elevated for a long period of time. Before starting medicines you should try to do some lifestyle changes to help you lower your blood pressure, such as weight loss, exercise, stop smoking and change in diet. ...Read more

Dr. Al Hegab Dr. Hegab
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Can you tell me what to do if i found out that I have a weak immune system. What will happen and what does this mean?

Dr. Al Hegab Dr. Hegab
3 doctors agreed:

Check it out: with a specialist, an Allergist/Immunologist would help sorting it out, history, physical examination, and probably some blood tests, good luck ...Read more

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What does it mean if you have a blood test done and the d-dimer is positive with a count of around 4.6?

What does it mean if you have a blood test done and the d-dimer is positive with a count of around 4.6?

Limited without more: The d-dimer is a fibrin degradation product (or fdp) which represents a small protein fragment in blood after a blood clot is broken down. The value can be used to test for clotting or thrombosis problems. However, a single value or a value in isolation should not be used. Therefore, a value of 4.6 means nothing. There are factors that can cause false readings. ...Read more

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What do you suggest if I have had a genetic blood test done to see if what do you suggest if I have 22deletion, how will i get my results and will that be?

What do you suggest if I have had a genetic blood test done to see if what do you suggest if I have 22deletion, how will i get my results and will that be?

What for?: What will you do with the results? Would you change anything if you have 22 deletion, or if you do not have the deletion? If you want to waste your money, you can get the test done by 23 and Me, the company is accessible over the internet. For good health - Have a diet rich in fresh vegetables, fruits, whole grains, milk and milk products, nuts, beans, legumes, lentils and small amounts of lean meats. Avoid saturated fats. Drink enough water daily, so that your urine is mostly colorless. Exercise at least 150 minutes/week and increase the intensity of exercise gradually. Do not use tobacco, alcohol, weed or street drugs in any form. Practice safe sex, if you have sex. ...Read more

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What types of test will my doctor administer to determine if I have pulmonary fibrosis?

What types of test will my doctor administer to determine if I have pulmonary fibrosis?

Tests...: Testing for pulmonary fibrosis typically includes pulmonary function testing as well as a chest ct scan. Other possible tests may include arterial blood has analysis and pulse ox. Further testing, including blood work, depends on what your doctor thinks the pulmonary fibrosis is due to. ...Read more

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I might have a heart condition and am having a stress test done. What will they do in the test?

I might have a heart condition and am having a stress test done. What will they do in the test?

Depends on type: They stress test will attempt to define areas of the heart at risk for myocardial infarction (heart attack). How it is done depends on the type. A treadmill only test will have you walk on a treadmill and measure the ECG response. A nuclear adds myocardial perfusion imaging and a scan to add additional sensitivity and specificity. A pharmacologic uses a drug to dilate arteries so you don't walk. ...Read more

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What to do if I have been referred to a breast specialist. is this necessary?

What to do if I have been referred to a breast specialist. is this necessary?

Breast Specialist: Can't tell you if it is necessary to see the breast specialist if I don't know the nature of the problem. I would suspect that a referral wouldn't be made without an indication. Take care. ...Read more

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Mri and a biopsy? What exactly can a dr see when doing a MRI of my breasts? I have a lump and am wondering if this test will tell me anything or if i will need a biopsy as well.

Mri and a biopsy? What exactly can a dr see when doing a MRI of my breasts? I have a lump and am wondering if this test will tell me anything or if i will need a biopsy as well.

The : The breast MRI study allows the radiologist to evaluate the tissue components of the breast and evaluate the blood flow to various portions of the breasts following injection with intravenous contrast. If your doctor recommended a breast mri, the radiologist probably saw something suspicious on mammography or ultrasound. The breast MRI may show characteristics which indicate that the lesion is benign and no biopsy would be necessary. Alternatively, the breast MRI may show that a mass is suspicious for malignancy or may show additional masses. In this case, a breast biopsy is often attempted but in some circumstances the breast surgeon may recommend proceeding straight to lobectomy/mastectomy. Ideally, the goal of breast MRI in this situation would be to avoid an unnecessary procedure, evaluate the extent of a mass prior to surgery, or demonstrate additional lesions which would also need to be removed during surgery. ...Read more

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What does it mean to have referral to see a neurologist because of abnormal eegs?

What does it mean to have referral to see a neurologist because of abnormal eegs?

? epilepsy: An abnormal eeg may be consistent with epilepsy, but could be present due to migraine headaches, prior head or neck injuries, and even medication effects. Best to check out and make certain that all is well. ...Read more

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Dr. Sheila Smith
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Spirometry (Definition)

A spirometry is a measurement of velocity (speed) of air coming in & out of the lungs which equals the diameter of the airways. This an indirect measument of the lung function diffeent patterns are posible & direct us as specialist to diagnosed ...Read more


Dr. Scott Keith
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Respiratory (Definition)

Pertaining to the work of breathing done by the chest ...Read more