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Doctor insights on: Hypovolemic Hyponatremia

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Can hypovolemia cause hypovolemic shock?

Can hypovolemia cause hypovolemic shock?

Hypovolemic shock: The answer to your question is "yes". In severe cases, vigorous IV hydration will be needed to restore the volume of fluid and blood in the blood vessels to increase blood pressure and resolve dehydrartion. ...Read more

Dr. Tanya Russo
4 doctors shared insights

Hyponatremia (Definition)

Normal sodium range from 135 to 145. Low sodium (hyponatremia) is less than 135. Some may have no symptoms at slight decrease in sodium level especially if the level dropped slowly. Rapid decrease or large drop in levels can cause confusion, seizures, coma and even death. Labs should always be rechecked to ...Read more


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What is euvolemic hyponatremia?

What is euvolemic hyponatremia?

Low sodium: Euvolemia means you are neither fluid overloaded nor dehydrated. Hypontremia is a difficult medical problem. Some people develop low sodium in the blood as the kidneys are absorbing more water than they should. There are several tests to be done, to figure out the reason. You must contact your doctor for futher advice and tests. ...Read more

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How's hyperosmolar hyperglycemic nonketotic coma treated?

How's hyperosmolar hyperglycemic nonketotic coma treated?

Insulin and fluid: Insulin and saline are administered intravenously and other medications added depending on the clinical findings and lab tests. ...Read more

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How does ADH (vasopressin) cause hyponatremia?

How does ADH (vasopressin) cause hyponatremia?

ADH (vasopressin): Antidiuretic hormone prevents diuresis which causes fluid retention which causes dilution of electrolytes, including sodium, hence low level. ...Read more

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Whats exertional hyponatremia?

Whats exertional hyponatremia?

Excess water: Exertional hyponatremia generally occurs when a person loses excessive amounts of both water and electrolytes (usually through profuse sweating during heavy exercise or warm temperatures). Instead of replacing both, the individual only replaces the water component resulting in relatively excess water in the body. This may result in impairment in brain function due to changes in brain cells. ...Read more

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Can low potassium levels cause orthostatic hypotension?

Can low potassium levels cause orthostatic hypotension?

It's possible.: Low potassium can cause the heart to have various rhythm changes. It's possible that those changes can result in ortho static hypotension. You should atleast get an ECG. ...Read more

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Does respiratory alkalosis cause hyponatremia?

Does respiratory alkalosis cause hyponatremia?

Hyponatremia: Many pulmonary illnesses may cause a low sodium level, via induction of inappropriate SIADH. But respiratory alkalosis, by itself, should not lower the sodium level below the normal range. Often, people with respiratory alkalosis may have a lower serum chloride level, to balance for additional bicarbonate (sodium bicarbonate) ions. Hope that helps! ...Read more

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What causes hyponatremia and hyperkalemia?

What causes hyponatremia and hyperkalemia?

Hyponatremia: The answers to your questions cannot fit in allotted space. For the causes of hyponatremia go to this link: http://www.Mayoclinic.Org/diseases-conditions/hyponatremia/basics/causes/con-20031445 for the causes of hyperkalemia go to this link: http://www.Mayoclinic.Org/symptoms/hyperkalemia/basics/causes/sym-20050776 good luck. ...Read more

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Can diabetes cause hypovolemic shock?

Can diabetes  cause hypovolemic shock?

Technically no: Hypovolemic shock is loss of blood volume causing organ damage. Diabetes can do something similar if blood sugar elevates. High blood sugar sets up an osmotic gradient that sucks fluid from the body tissues into the blood stream. This causes severe dehydration and can cause significant damage to the body. The damage can be similar to hypovolemic shock even though blood volume isnt lost. ...Read more

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What causes hypovolemic shock?

What causes hypovolemic shock?

Massive fluid losses: This can be either from excessive diarrhea, blood loss, or sometimes from diuretic use. There may be many other causes but usually fluid losses in the range of 4-5 liters are required. ...Read more

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Why does respiratory alkalosis cause hypokalemia while metabolic acidosis causes hyperkalemia?

Why does respiratory alkalosis cause hypokalemia while metabolic acidosis causes hyperkalemia?

K and alkalosis acid: Blood K is sensitive to blood pH.( hydrogen ion concentration). When H gets too high (acidosis) it moves into cells to protect from death from too much acid.. As H+ moves into cells a + ion must move out. This is usually K+. Thus hyperK. When H+ gets too low (alkalosis) in blood H+ moves from cell to blood to prevent death from low H+.. As H+ moves out of cell K+ moves in. Thus blood K goes down. ...Read more

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Does cardiac arrest cause hypernatremia?

Does cardiac arrest cause hypernatremia?

Not directly: Cardiac arrest by itself would not cause hypernatremia but if the patient has become dehydrated during the events that led to the cardiac arrest, that may explain it. ...Read more

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Why can hypovolemic shock lead to renal failure?

Why can hypovolemic shock lead to renal failure?

Shock: Hypovelemic shock can cause renal failure from either the body conserving free water due to severe dehydration and producing a low volume of highly concentrated urine or from a lack of blood flow and oxygen to the kidneys producing intrinsic kidney injury and renal failure. ...Read more

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Can malnutrition cause orthostatic hypotension?

Can malnutrition cause orthostatic hypotension?

Yes: Protien and Albumin levels are markers of nutrition . If these are low pts are diagnosed with protien calorie malnutrition.Prtiens help hold the fliuds in the blood vessesls. When these are low the fliud escapes in to the tissues and cause orthostatic symtoms.Even tho the pt may be swollen the intra-vascular volume is low and water pills mays make things worse. ...Read more

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How is a hyperosmolar hyperglycemic nonketotic coma treated?

How is a hyperosmolar hyperglycemic nonketotic coma treated?

Coma: It should be treated in an intensive care unit (ICU) with close monitoring of the blood glucose and other electrolytes (salts) and treatment to slowly decrease the blood glucose. ...Read more

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Will hypovolemia cause atrial fibrillation?

Will hypovolemia cause atrial fibrillation?

It can: The stress of hypovolemia can trigger reflex tachycardia and atrial fibrillation, especially in a diseased heart. ...Read more

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Does dialysis cause dehydration?

Does dialysis cause dehydration?

It can: Dialysis serves two functions. One is to remove some of the toxins in the blood that are no longer able to be removed by the kidneys due to kidney failure. The other is to remove fluid that has accumulated due to the diseased kidneys. If the dialysis prescription is incorrect in relation to the patient's "optimal" or dry weight, too much fluid can be removed and the person can become dehydrated. ...Read more

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