Doctor insights on:
What happens if your body was a hypertonic or hypotonic solution what would happen, would you die?
Yes, you'd die: Your cells can tolerate a very narrow range of sodium concentration. Too high or too low cells would either shrivel or explode, and if cells do that, you die. Your body has many systems and then back-up systems to keep your sodium regulated so that doesn't happen. ...Read more
Are the effects of Cerebral Edema from hypotonic solution potentially long-term? Why wouldn't they affect long-term?
Transient: When the concentration of fluid outside the cell is less than inside the cell, water travels across the cell wall to equalize the concentrations. If hypotonic fluids are given water will enter the cells but when both sides are equal the swelling will then resolve. ...Read more
Can a HYPOtonic solution, i.e..45% sodium chl, cause brain edema if 2 32oz. dripswere given?Why would my brain feel swollen after &too painful to move
More explanation plz: The answer is "yes" that brain swelling can certainly occur when a hypotonic solution as you describe is infused. It would appear that you received approximately 2 L of the solution, which is more than sufficient to cause headaches, which is what you may be referring to when you say that your "brain hurts." Headaches occur due to expansion of volume in a closed space.It will get better by itself. ...Read more
Hypernatremia: The composition of fluid that is given is dependent upon the type of fluid that has been lost and any existing electrolyte derangements. Most patients are treated with isotonic or one-half isotonic saline but the choice of therapy can be influenced by abnormalities in serum sodium or potassium or the presence of metabolic acidosis. Hypotonic solutions can be used to slowly correct hypernatremia. ...Read more
It Depends: It really depends upon the cause, if discoverable.There are congenital hypotonias, where intellectually the child is fine, but physically there are delays which require long term physical therapy to achieve normalcy.There are more complicated forms with global delay that may be difficult to overcome.Consult with your pediatrician. ...Read more
concentration: Hypo, less; hyper, more;iso, equal; tonic refers to concentration. A hypotonic solution has less dissolved particles than an isotonic solution .A hypertonic solution has more dissolved particles than a isotonic solution and many more than a hypotonic one.If all are added together they would commingle & eventually form an isotonic mixture. ...Read more
Apples and Oranges: There is nothing connecting these two terms. Hypotonic refers to muscle tone and indicates low muscle tone. Hyperosmotic (hyperosmolar) means a fluid that has more particles per ml that normal serum in medical terms. It can also mean a highly concentrated liquid in a lot of other scientific scenarios. ...Read more
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