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Doctor insights on: Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy Emedicine

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Is hcm (hypertrophic cardiomyopathy) hereditary?

Is hcm (hypertrophic cardiomyopathy) hereditary?

Yes: Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is frequently inherited in an autosomal dominant pattern meaning that an affected individual has a 50:50 chance of passing the condition to their children. ...Read more

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Hypertrophy (Definition)

Hypertrophy is an increase in size of an organ or tissue, or a particular part of the body. Examples include muscle hypertrophy due to lifting weights, ventricular hypertrophy (enlargement of a ventricle of the heart) due to high blood pressure or other heart disorders, or prostatic hypertrophy (enlargement of ...Read more


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What is hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy?

What is  hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy?

Heart disease: Obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is a genetic disorder that is one of the leading causes of sudden cardiac death in young people, particularly athletes. It is quite rare, but can be devastating in its ability to produce fatal arrhythmias. It is also a serious cause of heart failure due to decreased blood flow through the aortic valve to due obstruction of flow by the ventricular septum. ...Read more

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Is hypertrophic cardiomyopathy serious?

Is hypertrophic cardiomyopathy serious?

Yes: Among young individuals, it is one of the leading causes of sudden death. A complete assessment by a cardiologist familiar with the condition can identify and recommend treatemtnto reduce the risk of sudden death. ...Read more

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Is apical hypertrophic cardiomyopathy an incurable disease?

Yes: Apical hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is a form of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy whereby the thickening is localized at the tip of the left ventricle. Some are due to mutations of genes that encodes the heart muscles but the majority the cause is unknown. There is no treatment other than treating symptoms if present ,like chest pains,arrhythmia,etc ...Read more

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How is hypertrophic cardiomyopathy diagnosed?

How is hypertrophic cardiomyopathy diagnosed?

Echocardiogram : Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is generally diagnosed by echocardiography. Mri and gene testing can sometimes be helpful too. ...Read more

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Is apical hypertrophic cardiomyopathy uncurable?

Probably not: If the diagnosis is correct, all forms of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy aren't curable in the sense that it will just get better and go away. However, apical hcm tends to have a much better overall prognosis and fewer symptoms, with a long life expectancy. ...Read more

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What is hypertrophic cardiomyopathy?

What is hypertrophic cardiomyopathy?

IT IS A DISEASE OF: Your heart musclein which a part of the heart muscle is thickened or hypertrophied without any obvious cause. It is better known for causing silent, sudden cardiac death in otherwise healthy young people and athletes. Younger people are likely to have a more severe form of hcm. It is frequently free of symptoms until sudden cardiac death, and for this reason some suggest screening these youngsters. ...Read more

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What is hypertrophic obstructive cardio myopathy?

What is hypertrophic obstructive cardio myopathy?

Serious disease: Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is a condition in which the heart muscle becomes thick, and obstruction to outflow may occur. Arrhythmias may occur as well. It is commonly inherited, first degree relatives should be screened. Patients may have severe symptoms, or no symptoms at all. It is a common cause of death in young athletes who seemed completely healthy. ...Read more

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Is idiopathic hypertrophic subaortic stenosis for ablations safe?

Is idiopathic hypertrophic subaortic stenosis for ablations safe?

Find the right dr: I believe you're referring to alcohol septal ablation, where alcohol is instilled into coronary artery to kill muscle that, due to genetic disease, has grown out of control. The procedure has a steep learning curve, with a fine line between achieving the desired result and damaging adjacent healthy tissue. An experienced physician is crucial--ballpark figure is at least 100-200 prior procedures. ...Read more

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Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and myocarditis ---whats the difference?

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and myocarditis ---whats the difference?

Not the same: These are two completely different problems. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is genetic, and myocarditis is infectious. Both affect the heart muscle, but in different ways. ...Read more

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What exactly is obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy?

Genetic heart prob: Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is a genetic disease, typically affecting one of the proteins that are a part of the contractile apparatus of the heart. Most causes are inherited in an autosomal dominant fashion. It is possible to not have inherited disease, but rather have a de novo mutation. Typically, there is abnormal thickening of the left ventricle. Sudden death can occur. ...Read more

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Could dilated cardiomyopathy called apical cardiomyopathy?

Different: Typically, when the modifier "apical" is added to cardiomyopathy, it refers to a type of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Generally, dilated cardiomopathy is thought of as a distinct and separate class of diseases from hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. ...Read more

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Severe mitral regurgitation and hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy, what to do?

Severe mitral regurgitation and hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy, what to do?

See a cardilogist: Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (hcm) is a significant and lifelong type of heart disease that can potentially have serious complications. Everyone with hcm should be monitored closely by a cardiologist. Treatment options include medications and surgery. ...Read more

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Can you describe hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy?

Can you describe hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy?

Thick heart muscle: Hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy is an abnormal thickening of the heart muscle, particularly of the ventricles. Often the septum, the wall between the ventricles, is much thicker than the other walls. When the heart contracts, this abnormally thick septum creates a narrow area that can block, or "obstruct", the flow of blood out of the left ventricle. ...Read more

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Are ischemic heart disease and hypertrophic obstructive cardio myopathy related?

Are ischemic heart disease and hypertrophic obstructive cardio myopathy related?

Not really: Ischemic heart disease refers to atherosclerotic disease of thee coronary arteries. Hocm is a disorder of the muscle cells of the heart . There is not a common cause. ...Read more

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What is hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (hcm)?

What is hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (hcm)?

HCM: Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is a rare condition of the actual muscle of the heart becoming so large and thick as to obstruct outgoing blood flow. Because outgoing flow is reduced the heart must work even harder to pump blood to supply oxygen to the body. It is notable because patients are usually asymptomatic but can initially present with sudden collapse or even death. ...Read more

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What is the genome for idiopathic hypertrophic subaortic stenosis?

What is the genome for idiopathic hypertrophic subaortic stenosis?

Autosomal Dom.: Many genes code for this anomaly of sarcomere proteins: chr 14 in the beta-myosin heavy chain; protein c cardiac myosin. This error creates some degree of left ventricular hypertrophy involving the septum between the ventricles: asymmetric septal hypertrophy. Lethal arrhythmias may occur. Genetic testing is available. Seek opinion of a cardiologist. ...Read more

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Dr. Barton Cook
428 doctors shared insights

Cardiomyopathy (Definition)

Abnormality of the heart muscle which can cause heart failure or potentially lethal ...Read more


Dr. Barton Cook
128 doctors shared insights

Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy (Definition)

A condition in which the middle wall of the heart becomes thickened, which can disrupt ...Read more