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Doctor insights on: Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy

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Dr. Barton Cook
128 Doctors shared insights

Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy (Overview)

A heart condition in which the middle wall of the heart becomes thickened, which can disrupt the flow of blood out of the heart.


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Can you tell me the medical definition of hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy?

Can you tell me the medical definition of hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy?

Defined.: Most often the portion of the heart between the right and left ventricles (septum) is thickened. This narrows the region below the aortic valve and causes a portion of mitral valve to be sucked into this area during ventricular ejection (emptying). As a result there is narrowing of outflow leading to obsruction. ...Read more

Dr. Barton Cook
128 Doctors shared insights

Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy (Overview)

A heart condition in which the middle wall of the heart becomes thickened, which can disrupt the flow of blood out of the heart.


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How does having a hypertrophic cardiomyopathy affect a child's development, will they be small for his age?

How does having a hypertrophic cardiomyopathy affect a child's development, will they be small for his age?

No: Your child will not necessarily be small, but he needs to be very careful s he exercises. Too much exercise can overload the heart. Be sure that your pediatrician refers you to a pediatric cardiologist to help with your child's care. ...Read more

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What are symptoms of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy in an otherwise normal person?

What are symptoms of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy in an otherwise normal person?

Cardiomyopathy: The symptoms can vary and may include, but not be limiyed to, shortness of breath, passing out, feeling lightheaded, rapid heart beat, heart arrhythmia, sleeping with more pillows, and feeling weak or fatigued. Some patient may have minimal or no symptoms if young and otherwise healthy, but the symptoms may progress over time. ...Read more

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What are signs and symptoms of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (heart disease)?

What are signs and symptoms of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (heart disease)?

Hypertrophic cardiom: The symptoms of a hypertrophic cardiomyopathy can vary from shortness of breath to chest discomfort to syncope or fainting. If you have a family history of this or sudden cardiac death at a young age, then you should see a cardiologist. If you are concerned, start with your primary physician and if there are any abnormal findings then see a cardiologist. ...Read more

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Can hypertrophic cardiomyopathy reverse itself in children?

No: Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is a disease caused by an abnormal gene, typically in one of the genes that codes for the contractile proteins of the heart. At the current time, there are no therapies that can make abnormal genes "reverse" and become normal. Having said that, there are best practices for hcm, even in childhood and best care can result in prolonged life and good long-term outcomes. ...Read more

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Is drinking alcohol safe with one diagnosed with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy?

Alcohol/Cardiomyopat: Definitely not. Consult your cardiologist if in doubt. ...Read more

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What are the tests for hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy?

What are the tests for hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy?

Echocardiogram: Echocardiogram is the definitive test for hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is a disease whose greatest risk is that of fatal heart rhythm disturbance, regardless of whether it is obstructive or not. The presence of this abnormality on echocardiogram usually requires the placement of a defibrillator to prevent sudden cardiac death. ...Read more

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What life changes must be made if you have hypertrophic cardiomyopathy?

What life changes must be made if you have hypertrophic cardiomyopathy?

Depends....: In most cases nothing. If you have significant obstruction to blood flow from the heart you may be asked to exercise to moderate levels only. Depending on the thickness of the septum, degree of obstruction, arrhythmias and family history your cardiologist may recommend a defibrillator which generally precludes high intensity sports. It all depends on the degree of severity of the condition. ...Read more

Dr. Jesus Yap Dr. Yap
1 doctor agreed:
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What are the causes of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy?

Dr. Jesus Yap Dr. Yap
1 doctor agreed:
What are the causes of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy?

Genes and others: About half of patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy are due to mutations in genes encoding cardiac muscle proteins or sarcomeres. Few are due to errors in metabolism such as Fabry's disease due to a lack of enzyme (galactosides) and the other half the cause is unknown. The genetic group is familial and autosomal dominant-50% chance of having defective gene in a family member ...Read more

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What does it mean if a 5 year old has hypertrophic cardiomyopathy?

HYPERTROPHIC CARDIOM: It is an acquired disorder with marked ventricular hypertrophy and diastolic dysfunction. Sx are dyspnea, chest pain. Syncope and sudden death. ...Read more

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What is the best treatment for hypertrophic cardiomyopathy?

What is the best treatment for hypertrophic cardiomyopathy?

Various: Treatment of hocm depends on the symptoms: initially a combination of medications will be used (calcium channel blockers and beta blockers), but if symptoms progress, surgical myomecyomy or alcohol septal ablation may be indicated. Some patients with risk factors may need implantable cardiac defibrillators to prevent sudden cardiac death. ...Read more

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Can a drug overdose lead to death by hypertrophic cardiomyopathy or is this condition always genetic?

Cardiomyopathy: Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is a genetically inherited condition. Having said that, a person using drugs could die from drug use and have this condition as well. It can predispose to abnormal heart rhythms which can be fatal and drug use can elicit abnormal heart rhythms. ...Read more

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Is there a genetic screen for hypertrophic cardiomyopathy?

Yes: There are many known mutations that cause hcm. Some are suspected but not yet discovered.
Most can be readily tested for by panels of tests that look at the 18 or 19 known types of hcm. ...Read more

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Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy -- is it fatal?

It can be: Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is a leading cause of fatal arrhythmias, particularly in young people, particularly in athletic young people. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy carries a high risk of fatal arrhythmias, and only an implantable cardiac defibrillator can lower the risk of death from arrhythmias in these individuals. ...Read more

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What exercise must be avoided with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy?

What exercise must be avoided with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy?

Hypertrophic: Most people with HCM are advised to avoid playing competitive sports, with the possible exception of some low-intensity sports (eg, golf, billiards). Certain recreational sports are also not advised. ...Read more

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What is hypertrophic cardiomyopathy?

What is hypertrophic cardiomyopathy?

IT IS A DISEASE OF: Your heart musclein which a part of the heart muscle is thickened or hypertrophied without any obvious cause.
It is better known for causing silent, sudden cardiac death in otherwise healthy young people and athletes.
Younger people are likely to have a more severe form of hcm.
It is frequently free of symptoms until sudden cardiac death, and for this reason some suggest screening these youngsters. ...Read more

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Is hypertrophic cardiomyopathy serious?

Yes: Among young individuals, it is one of the leading causes of sudden death. A complete assessment by a cardiologist familiar with the condition can identify and recommend treatemtnto reduce the risk of sudden death. ...Read more

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Hpw bad is hypertrophic cardiomyopathy?

Depends: There is a range of phenotypes and manifestations. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathies can range from mild to severe. ...Read more

Hypertrophy (Definition)

Hypertrophy is an increase in size of an organ or tissue, or a particular part of the body. Examples include muscle hypertrophy due to lifting weights, ventricular hypertrophy (enlargement of a ventricle of the heart) due to high blood pressure or other heart disorders, or prostatic hypertrophy (enlargement of ...Read more


Dr. Barton Cook
422 Doctors shared insights

Cardiomyopathy (Definition)

A disease that weakens and enlarges the muscle surrounding the heart. It is a condition that makes it harder for the heart to pump blood and deliver ...Read more