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Doctor insights on: Hyperthyroidism History Of Fetal Growth Restriction In A Previous Pregnancy

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Fetus's tissue testing on D&C (8 weeks and 2nd early MC) showed turners syndrome in the feutus. Future pregnancy implications of this? Any precautions

Fetus's tissue testing on D&C (8 weeks and 2nd early MC) showed turners syndrome in the feutus. Future pregnancy implications of this? Any precautions

Generally no: In general, in each subsequent pregnancy, the chance of having another pregnancy affected by Turner syndrome would not be increased given that it occurs due to a random error in the splitting of chromosomes during the creation of sperm usually, though sometimes also the egg. Unlikely to recur in a first time case. ...Read more

Dr. John Landi
4 doctors shared insights

Pregnancy (Definition)

When your due date arrives, you will be more than ready to have your baby! Most women deliver the baby somewhere between 37 and 42 weeks. According to the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, only 5% of babies arrive on the exact due date. Approximately 7% of babies are not delivered by 42 weeks, and when that happens, it is referred to ...Read more


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Can a fetal doppler detect womb sounds, maternal heart beat, and umbilical cord (abdomen the size of a 26 week pregnancy) with a pseudo pregnancy. ?

Can a fetal doppler detect womb sounds, maternal heart beat, and umbilical cord (abdomen the size of a 26 week pregnancy) with a pseudo pregnancy.  ?

Fetal doppler...: ...Can detect any movement of blood in the body, but with a false pregnancy, all the doppler rhythms should be at the same rate as the woman's heartbeat. Fetal heartbeat tends to be much faster so if you find that, the pregnancy is probably real. ...Read more

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Is a small gestational sac in relation to the fetus a sign of a chromosomal abnormality. Fetus 9w sac 7w. Doctor and research have me very worried.

Is a small gestational sac in relation to the fetus a sign of a chromosomal abnormality. Fetus 9w sac 7w. Doctor and research have me very worried.

Hard to answer...: At such an early stage, imaging and interpretation is hard. There are associations between size and abnormalities. But it is impossible to look at a minimally smaller size and conclude anything, especially chromosomal disorders. It is best not to worry, but follow this serially and monitor progress. Your OB is the best judge of this and should advice you of intervention if at all needed. ...Read more

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Hi my gestational age is 7 wks and my obstetric scan is over the result is embryonic cardiac activity present but IRREGULARITY NOTED WITH BRADYCARDIA ?

Hi my gestational age is 7 wks and my obstetric scan is over the result is embryonic cardiac activity present but IRREGULARITY NOTED WITH BRADYCARDIA ?

Too early to worry: At such an early gestational age, it is difficult to assess the significance of heart rate and its predictive value as to the outcome of this pregnancy. The best solution would be to reassess by ultrasound in 1-2 weeks, as there is little to nothing that can be done to change whatever might occur with this pregnancy. ...Read more

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My daughter in law went for a 33 week sonogram of her baby's heart due to a previous child's heart defect (from a previous marriage). Showed enlarged Heart, but all function and formation of the heart normal. Should they be concerned?

My daughter in law went for a 33 week sonogram of her baby's heart due to a previous child's heart defect (from a previous marriage).  Showed enlarged Heart, but all function and formation of the heart normal.  Should they be concerned?

Contradictory: If the baby's heart is significantly enlarged, then the formation of the heart isn't entirely normal. Perhaps her OB means that, while the baby's heart is enlarged, the structure is otherwise normal. The question of concern should be addressed with your daughter-in-law's obstetrician. Serial sonograms may be indicated to follow the development of the baby's heart. ...Read more

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6 weeks pregnant & have lost all symptoms. High-risk pregnancy with possible slow fetal growth according to OB. Am I facing the loss of this baby?

6 weeks pregnant & have lost all symptoms. High-risk pregnancy with possible slow fetal growth according to OB. Am I facing the loss of this baby?

Unknown: In general we can not use a lack of negative symptoms as a predictive tool for pregnancy outcome. You are very early in pregnancy. The way to determine if things are ok is to see your doctor. They can do a sonogram to confirm a live intrauterine pregnancy. ...Read more

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A primi lady delivered a baby.What physical signs can determine maturity of gestations if no previous antenatal checkup? Thankx

A primi lady delivered a baby.What physical signs can determine maturity of gestations if no previous antenatal checkup? Thankx

Clinical examination: Neonatologists can determine approximate weeks of gestation although ultrasound in first 2 trimesters most accurate.Birth weight of less than 2, 500 grams (5 pounds, 8 ounces). Lacking normal baby fat, finger nail development, and muscle tone. Extra body hair, reduced chest circumference, body length, poor suck and swallow are other signs. Exam of eyes can help.Imaging of brain and skeleton also. ...Read more

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Is it possible to detect any genetic disorders in the baby by ultrasound during pregnancy in second trimester?

Is it possible to detect any genetic disorders in the baby by ultrasound during pregnancy in second trimester?

Poor sensitivity: A high resolution ultrasound can often yield evidence of structural changes that occur more often in some chromosomal disorders.It is not specific.Many genetic metabolic disorders are only picked up after birth when byproducts of metabolism build up in babies blood.Some metabolic disorders can be confirmed by fibroblast culture on material from an amniocentesis when family hx is suggestive. ...Read more

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Comprehensive metabolic panel during a physical revealed eGFR of 41 and creatinine of 1.46. Also a ANA of 1:32. Curious about the implications?

Comprehensive metabolic panel during a physical revealed eGFR of 41 and creatinine of 1.46. Also a ANA of 1:32. Curious about the implications?

Low eGFR implication: 34 F notes: Comprehensive metabolic panel during a physical revealed eGFR of 41 and creatinine of 1.46. Also a ANA of 1:32. Curious about the implications? ANS: without knowing more details I would suspect your have some type of renal disease related to Lupus or similar disease process. Discuss with your team as they know you better I hope. Always repeat both tests before making decisions. ...Read more

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Is Pregnancy possible without production of HCG harmone in first trimester? Been reading lot of real cases in online forums.any Medical explanation?

Is Pregnancy possible without  production of HCG harmone in first trimester? Been reading lot of real cases in online forums.any Medical explanation?

No: In real life, beta HCG is required in early pregnancy to help keep levels of progesterone up, and support the baby embryo and fetus in other ways. On the internet, however, anyone can post any story. ...Read more

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Fetal age due to LMP should be 7.2 but ultrasound after spotting showed the gestational age of 6.5 with flicker. normal or can be some growth issue. ?

Fetal age due to LMP should be 7.2 but ultrasound after spotting showed the gestational age of 6.5 with flicker. normal or can be some growth issue. ?

Maybe?: Most women unless they are extraordinarily regular are not good at identifying their LMP. Also, of all the tests in medicine, ultrasounds are the most operator-dependent. Have the most experienced person in your area perform the test and interpret for you. Best Wishes! ...Read more

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Can the measurements of an 8or9 wk fetus measure "big" and be mistaken for a 12wk fetus? Do fetuses have similar growth patterns at this early stage?

No and Yes: First trimester ultrasounds are very accurate for establishing your due date due the small variation in fetal growth at this stage. ...Read more

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Dose a heartbeat in the baby in early pregnancy decease the chances of a miscarriage?

Dose a heartbeat in the baby in early pregnancy decease the chances of a miscarriage?

Yes: The risk of first trimester miscarriage goes down after we visualize a fetal heartbeat. The risk drops to less than 5% after about 12 weeks gestation. ...Read more

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What are the risks of disseminated intravascular coagulation after a single fetal demise @ 28 weeks. This a triplet pregnancy - trichorion/triamnio?

What are the risks of disseminated intravascular coagulation after a single fetal demise @  28 weeks.
This a triplet pregnancy - trichorion/triamnio?

I am truly sorry: for a loss of one of your Fetus. At 28 weeks with the advent of Modern medicine and Technology survival rate of other fituses are 100%. All the best ...Read more

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There is single active intrauterine fetus with Breech presentation. Fetal body movement and cardiac activity are present. What does.it.mean?

There is single active intrauterine fetus with Breech presentation. Fetal body movement and cardiac activity are present.
What does.it.mean?

Breech: This means your baby is in the uterus, butt first, the baby is alive and doing well. The only issue here is, if you are near your due date and the baby is breech (butt first), you will likely need a cesarean section unless you opt for an version, a procedure to flip the baby from butt to head first, then you can deliver vaginally. If you are early on the baby changes position all the time. ...Read more

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Is there any relationship between maternal weight gain during pregnancy and gestation period/duration for singletons? For twins?

Is there any relationship between maternal weight gain during pregnancy and gestation period/duration for singletons? For twins?

Not consistantly: Too little weight gain or excessive weight gain could be associated with indications for early delivery (iugr, pre-eclampsia, gestational diabetes, ect). There is no specific concrete direct relationship between pregnancy duration and maternal weight gain. ...Read more

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Dr. Susan Wingo
527 doctors shared insights

Overactive Thyroid (Definition)

Hyperthyroidism, often called "overactive thyroid," is a condition where the thyroid secretes too much of the thyroid hormones. Common symptoms include heat intolerance, increased appetite, ...Read more


Dr. Susan Wingo
562 doctors shared insights

Hyperthyroidism (Definition)

A condition in which the thyroid gland produces too much of the hormone thyroxine, accelerating the body's metabolism, causing weight loss, a rapid or irregular heartbeat, sweating, ...Read more