Doctor insights on:
I've been diagnosed with thymus hyperplasia. What r the symptoms and is this serious condition that needs treatment.
Stop worrying: Usually this is an incidental finding on an imaging study of the chest. If you don't have symptoms of lupus, mysathenia gravis or some other immune disease, your thymus stayed around for whatever reason. So far as anybody I've ever talked to knows, you're not at increased risk. ...Read more
Pathologic diagnosis....Resected thymus shows reactive b cell hyperplasia vs low grade b cell lympho proliferative disorder. Is this lymphoma?
Could be...: Certain lymphomas grow so slow that sometimes it is difficult for the pathologist to make the call between malignant or not. I suspect they may do additional work on the specimen and that your doctor will evaluate you further with labs, additional scans or another biopsy. If you have not seen a hematologist, maybe this is the time. Don't panic, just follow up his/her lead. Best to you. ...Read more
Thymectomy done, thymus shows reactive b cell hyperplasia vs low grade bcell lympho proliferative disorder. What can it be? Is this serious? Treat?
What are the symptoms and prognosis for a benign reactive lymphoid hyperplasia of the neck lymph node?
Nodes in neck enlarge primarily from metastatic disease of oral cavity (squamous Ca) or glands in neck such as thyroid or parotid.
If there is primary enlargement noted, it is due to lymphoma or hyperplasia. Nodal disease in lymphoma, spreads and enlarges. Hyperplasia due to a local inflammatory process rarely causes pain and does not spread. Biopsy will resolve problem ...Read more
My grand, Bella was 7 in Jan. For over 6months, she has had multiple lymph node swelling in neck, path showed follicular hyperplasia, what is cause?
Lymph node swelling: Lymph nodes are where the immune cells of the body process all the stimuli from various infectious and other foreign stimuli in our environment. In children these are very active areas as so many things are "new" to them. It is natural for these to swell and then subside. Only persistent enlargement is a cause for concern due to infection that isn't cleared, or neoplasia. ...Read more
7mm round firm node on chin above jawline. 2 sub centermeter nodes at lower neck. Biopsy 3 mths ago on level 2 node indicates follicular hyperplasia.
Question?: Not sure what the question is here. Sounds like the diagnosis has been made already. Pretty large lymph nodes for follicular hyperplasia. Was treatment recommended or prescribed? ...Read more
Scratchiness at back of throat for last 8 months due to some lymphoid hyperplasia in the tongue base. Following MRI of neck and soft tissue and two endoscope examinations my ENT surgeon does not consider this to be of any significance. I though worry?
Difficult to say.: If lymphoid hyperplasia is the issue, consult with a hematologist. If this specialist says same thing, then I would not be concerned. ...Read more
Very sore throat, a lump in my right side of my neck, fna of right lymph node says "lymphocytes consistent with reactive lymphoid hyperplasia"?
Benign report...: Fna of the lymph node is the first step in diagnosing the cause of lymphadenopathy. The quote from the pathology report means the findings of the aspirate are benign. Lymphoid hyperplasia means there is external stimulation of the lymph node by infection or possibly an autoimmune process. Please follow up closely with your doctor. Sometimes more tests are needed if it doesn't go down in size. ...Read more
Ususally not: Thymus usually regresses after reaching maximum size at puberty. It becomes infiltrated with fat during regression. It can enlarge with tumors such as thymoma and thymolipoma. Also hormone associated with hyperthyroidism or graves disease in adolescence can stimulate thymus to overgrow. Otherwise thymus remains dormant in older people. ...Read more
YES: Several genetic defects that affect the development of t lymphocytes (immune system blood cells) results in absent or very small thymus. Also, deletion of chromosome 22q11 or digeorge syndrome, a relatively common genetic syndrome, causes poor devlopment of thymus, which is significant in 1% of babies with this chromosomal deletion. ...Read more
Yes it may: The thymus gland — a part of your immune system situated in the upper chest beneath the breastbone — may trigger or maintain the production of these antibodies. Although the gland is large in infancy, it is small in healthy adults. But, in some adults with myasthenia gravis, the thymus is abnormally large. Often times removal of the thymus may improve patient symptoms and disease. ...Read more
Central chest: This is a gland in between the lobes of the lung which is one of the assists for the immune system. It rarely causes problems but can be malfunctioning in a condition called myaesthenia gravis. ...Read more
Removal may surely make you gain weight the thymus sort of dissappears in child hood and does not effect metabolism.
The thymus is largest and most active during the neonatal and pre-adolescent periods. By the early teens, the thymus begins to atrophy and thymic stroma is mostly replaced by adipose (fat) tissue. Nevertheless, residual T lymphopoiesis continues throughout adult life. ...Read more
Clinically: If cellular immune system is normal the thymus has functioned. Thymus is seen radiographically in young children. After puberty can involute. The thymus is replaced by fibrofatty tissue. The thymus sometimes interacts with thymus by causing enlargement of medullary portion of thymus when in children hyperthyroidism is present. The exact mechanism is not known. ...Read more
I have removed my thymus since 5 years old because it didn't involute. Is it necessary and will it cause my immunity to be less competent?
No: The thymus is important in early immune system development, then it becomes non-functional. ...Read more
Immune system: Before birth and throughout childhood, thymus is instrumental in the production and maturation of T-lymphocytes or T cells, specific type of white blood cell that protects body from certain viruses and other infections. Thymus produces and secretes thymosin, hormone necessary for T cell development and production. Thymus involutes following puberty. ...Read more
Immune system: Before birth and throughout childhood, thymus is instrumental in the production and maturation of T-lymphocytes or T cells, specific type of white blood cell that protects body from certain viruses and other infections. Thymus produces and secretes thymosin, hormone necessary for T cell development and production. Thymus involutes following puberty.Thymus resides in superior mediastinum of chest. ...Read more
No: I can't think of any link between the two. ...Read more
"definite" without a tissue sample (biopsy) Follow your PCP's plan to evaluate!
Hope this helps
DrZ ...Read more
Nutrient dense foods:
Eat foods that are nutrient dense (like meat, fish, poultry, eggs, cheese, low starch vegatables and water) avoid foods that are not nutrient dense (like starches and sugars, including fruit)
nutrient dense foods have beneficial effects on your nervous system, immune system and hormonal system and hence your thymus gland as well. ...Read more
Not certain: Eating fish is supposed to be good for the brain. I know of no food which nourishes your thymus, not even sweet bread. ...Read more
Surface factors: DCs process and present antigen to activate both CD4+ and CD8+ T cells. Only DCs are capable of activating naïve T cells. Immature DCs lay dormant waiting to interact with foreign antigen. Once the antigen is captured, it is processed either by exogenous, endosomal or a proteosomal pathway. Antigen is taken up by phagocytosis or receptor mediated endocytosis into the cytosol. The antigen is further degraded in the cytosol via proteosome and enters the endoplasmic reticulum where peptides bind to newly synthesized MHC class I molecules for presentation on the cell surface. Here costimulatory molecules including members of the B7 family, and TNF family are present which are critical to the activation of T cells. ...Read more
I have been told I have resdidue tissue on my thymus gland but not cancerous should I still be concerned?
Need more info: We all have a little bit of residual thymus in adult life. Did you have a thymus tumor that was treated? If you did not have any thymus tumor ever, residual thymus tissue is not a cause for concern, ...Read more
I had MRI of the thymus as it was inlarged! How long should it take to know what's wrong, was to see on 29th put back to 19th of feb now!
The thymus is: A gland that helps develop the immune system during early life. It usually atrophies in adulthood, with little to no residual thymic tissue seen on imaging. In some medical conditions (including ra), the thymus can enlarge. This is called thymic hyperplasia. The MRI would potentially be able to distinguish between this condition and something more serious. ...Read more
Thymus mass/cancer: Thymus is a gland we have in our low neck and chest during our childhood. It provides lymphocytes as is involved in our inmune system. This gland usually disappear or leave a small remnant. In some individuals in may grow abnormally causing mass effect in the middle of the chest (mediastinum) which maybe associated to myasthenia. Http://www.cancer.org/cancer/thymuscancer/detailedguide/index. ...Read more
Thymus gland: Thymoma is a slow-growing type of cancer that begins in the thymus. Removal of thymus gland is both diagnostic and potentially therapeutic. This can now be done without "splitting the breast bone". The following links may provide more information: http://goo. Gl/mqtn1 and this one: http://goo. Gl/oetwz and this one: http://goo. Gl/yjnh5. ...Read more
The thymus: Is an organ that is prominent in childhood living behind the sternus and necessary to "instruct" lymphocytes to recognize "self" antigens, have memory (as in, easles, mumps chickn pox), and fend off certain infections. Itinvolutes in adults. Thymic carcinoma occurs rarely sporadically. Thymoma is a benign, but invasive, and associated with myasthenia and certain inflammatory diseases and anemia. ...Read more
Same as anywhere: All you really need to do to get thymic cancer is have a thymus. Cancer is an overgrowth of cells which have lost their responsiveness to the normal signals of the body; this is why they break free and go elsewhere in the body (metastasize). ...Read more