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Doctor insights on: Hyperkalemia

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Dr. Milroy Samuel
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Hyperkalemia (Overview)

Hyperkalemia in an elevated potassium level in the blood. It can be mild to severe. The most common causes are kidney disease, Addison's disease, dehydration, and multiple drug therapies. It can occur in crush injuries and rhabdomyolysis (rapid breakdown of muscle) or hemolysis (breakdown of blood cells). Severe hyperkalemia can be fatal and cause the heart to stop beating or become very slow. It is usually treated by resin exchange agents (Kayexalate or others) or dialysis and fluids. Sometimes glucose, Insulin and sodium bicarbonate can be utilized as well in treating hyperkalemia.


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What is a symptom of hyperkalemia?

What is a symptom of hyperkalemia?

High Potassium: This is defined as a serum potassium level above 5.5 meq/l. The danger is in changing the resting membrane potential of the heart muscle cells, making them more easily excitable. This makes arrhythmias more likely. This is unlikely to happen unless the potassium is > 6.5 meq/l. The heart may skip beats or transition into a lethal rhythm. ...Read more

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Dr. Milroy Samuel
1 doctor shared a insight

Hyperkalemia (Overview)

Hyperkalemia in an elevated potassium level in the blood. It can be mild to severe. The most common causes are kidney disease, Addison's disease, dehydration, and multiple drug therapies. It can occur in crush injuries and rhabdomyolysis (rapid breakdown of muscle) or hemolysis (breakdown of blood cells). Severe hyperkalemia can be fatal and cause the heart to stop beating or become very slow. It is usually treated by resin exchange agents (Kayexalate or others) or dialysis and fluids. Sometimes glucose, Insulin and sodium bicarbonate can be utilized as well in treating hyperkalemia.


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What is the treatment to get potassium up to hyperkalemia besides bananas?

What is the treatment to get potassium up to hyperkalemia besides bananas?

Potassium rich foods: Include bananas as you said, citrus fruits including oj, potatoes, tomato sauce/paste including ketchup, and squash. Medicine will need to be given by your doctor since potassium otc is suboptimal to do the job due to the need for a higher dose and need for blood level frequent check. There are meds and water pills that your doctor can use to boost your potassium level too. ...Read more

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What exactly is hyperkalemia?

Elevated potassium: Hyperkalemia in an elevated potassium level in the blood. It can be severe to mild. Most common causes are kidney disease and Addison's disease (adrenal disease0. It can occur in crush injuries and rhabdomyolysis (rapid breakdown of muscle). Severe hyperkalemia can be fatal and cause the heart to stop beating. It is usually treated by dialysis and fluids, with Insulin and sodium bicarbonate. ...Read more

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Is hyperkalemia dangerous?

Hyperkalemia: Hyperkalemia can be dangerous. It is not just the level that is important, it is how quickly the potassium (k) was raised. Patients with chronic kidney disease can walk around with a k of 5.5 with no problems, as their hearts are used to that k level. Auto accidents can cause acute elevations of k in normal people and they can have some problems by going from a k of 3.8 to 5.1. ...Read more

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Is hyperkalemia dangerous?

Hyperkalemia: Hyperkalemia can be dangerous. It is not just the level that is important, it is how quickly the potassium (k) was raised. Patients with chronic kidney disease can walk around with a k of 5.5 with no problems, as their hearts are used to that k level. Auto accidents can cause acute elevations of k in normal people and they can have some problems by going from a k of 3.8 to 5.1. ...Read more

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What exactly is hyperkalemia?

Elevated potassium: Hyperkalemia in an elevated potassium level in the blood. It can be severe to mild. Most common causes are kidney disease and Addison's disease (adrenal disease0. It can occur in crush injuries and rhabdomyolysis (rapid breakdown of muscle). Severe hyperkalemia can be fatal and cause the heart to stop beating. It is usually treated by dialysis and fluids, with Insulin and sodium bicarbonate. ...Read more

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What is a symptom of hyperkalemia?

High Potassium: This is defined as a serum potassium level above 5.5 meq/l. The danger is in changing the resting membrane potential of the heart muscle cells, making them more easily excitable. This makes arrhythmias more likely. This is unlikely to happen unless the potassium is > 6.5 meq/l. The heart may skip beats or transition into a lethal rhythm. ...Read more

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What do you use to treat hyperkalemia?

What do you use to treat hyperkalemia?

See below: Treatment of hyperkalemia involves a series of interventions. The first one is usually administration of ca gluconate IV to stabilize the heart. After this, glucose and Insulin can be administered to shift potassium into cells. Sodium polystyrene sulfate is administered orally or via an enema to bind potassium and remove it from the body. Dialysis is used in the setting of kidney failure. ...Read more

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How many types of hyperkalemia are there?

How many types of hyperkalemia are there?

Types of Hyperkalemi: 1. Excessive intake. 2. Excessive release from cells. 3. Ineffective elimination by kidneys. 4.Pseudohyperkalemia during taking blood in the lab. 5. Potassium given during execution by lethal injection. ...Read more

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