Doctor insights on:
Hyperechoic Renal Cortex
I am a woman. Aged 33. Have a hyperechoic lesion measuring 12.4 *11.8mm noted in left renal cortex. How can this be treated?
The vast majority: Of the time, this finding represents a benign angiomyolipoma and requires no treatment. The ultrasound appearance is not diagnostic, but CT or MRI can usually make a definitive confirmation of the diagnosis due to certain unique features of the nodule on those modalities. ...Read more
Please explain: renal cortex contains 29 glomeruli, 13 of which are globally sclerosed. There is focal segmental mesangial hypercellularity.
Sclerosis: So Glomeruli are Filteration units of Kidney. Since kidney's main function is Filteration; the health of glome is directly related to renal function. Sclerosis in layman term means scarring. So 13/29 glomes are scarred. Which means approximately 50% of functional units are scarred or non functional. Mesengial hypercellularity refers to the inflammation in the kidney. Very common with FSGS ...Read more
Concerned about a solid 2cm hypoechoic area on left kidney midpole parapelvic region contiguous with lateral cortex similar color flow as renal cortex?
Renal cyst: Sounds like it is a cyst, but other charecteristics and number of cyst decides it is benign or complex cyst. Talk to to your doctor who has the complete report and your clinical condition and kidney function etc ...Read more
I have a complex endophytic left renal cyst. Medial cortex just under the ureter opening. How are my chances of keeping most of my kidney?
You can keep it:
Even if for a solid mass they usually try to save as much kidney as possible.
so for a cystic lesion, it is safer to save more kidney.
so unless they are concern about malignancy they usually save the kidney. ...Read more
Abdominal ultrasound informed there appears to be vascularity associated with a mass on the midportion of my left renal cortex. What does this mean?
Mass: The best person to give you advice and answers to your test results is the doctor who ordered the test as he can use the results in combination with your history and examination ...Read more
What does it mean when a renal CT scan shows, thinning of the cortex, punctate calcification (with no stones), and contrast extending into the calyx.
Atrophy: Renal cortical thinning is seen due to functional loss of nephrons. There are many causes of "medical renal disease"which result in atrophy. Hypertension is the leading cause. Punctuate calcification s are very tiny stones. Contrast is supposed to be in the calyx, so I'm uncertain why that was stated. Was there anything else related to that statement? ...Read more
Hi, I have had painful abdomen pain for 3 months. Two ct scans, 3 ultrasounds and blood tests showed up all normal. Except for the latest ultrasound that showed "increased echogenicity of the right renal cortex." What does that mean?
IBS: The increased echogenicity if anything, is unrelated to your abdominal pain. Has anything been prescribed for you. Have you seen a gastroenterologist, or had upper and lower endoscopy. If not then you need to see a gastro and bee fully evaluated. Getting 1 CT is equivalent to more than 100 chest X-Rays in terms of radiation exposure, so avoid further scanning, unless you doctor wants one done. ...Read more
Had a renal sonogram and these were the findings "there are 2 hyperechoic foci, one in the mid/lower pole of the rt kidney of 4mm and one in the interpolar caliceal system on the lft of 5mm. These could represent nonobstructive calculi but no shadow?
Renal ultrasound showed small hyperechoic foci in both kidneys. What can cause multiple small stones in both kidneys in a 33 yr. Old male? Could taking high vit d daily with calcium long term cause it
Kidney stones: The question is why are you taking vitamin d and calcium (c) at all? Your stones could certainly be due to taking those agents. Have a physician order a 24 hour urine collection for uric acid, c and phosphorus levels. If your calcium is high in it, you may need to be on diuretics to reduce the c there. Have a doctor discuss with you the reasons you should or should not be on vit d and c. Good luck. ...Read more
Experiencing renal colic ~ 7 mo including 1 episode tht required ED visit. Dr ordered US Radiologist describes "a 1.3cm hyperechoic nodule" in kidney. Does this mean it's not a stone? Have history of KS.
Kidney stone: It is unclear what this finding represents. If it is "non shadowing" meaning that the souls wave energy used to produce a sonogram image penetrates the lesion, it is often not a stone but a benign mass called an angiomyolipoma or AML. If it shadows, it is likely a stone. An X-ray (KUB) or a CT scan can help determine the nature of this finding. If it is a 1.2 cm stone it needs to be treated. ...Read more
Willow bark? Yes.: Think flesh not bone! Wellness is vital to controlling any headache or pain issue. Magnesium is also vital. It will help relax the associated muscles, decrease stress, stabilize sleep and help other meds and therapy to work efficiently. Self or profess massage, chiropractor, yoga, heat, stretching all are needed. My favorite in my practice is acupuncture and myofascial tissue release. ...Read more
No.: Cortical blindness is blindness due to damage of the visual cortex. If only one side has been damaged the other may work. ...Read more
You read a paper: Http://www. Ncbi. Nlm. Nih. Gov/pubmed/10923655 some people were put in a color pet scanner and were made to hold their breath. The signal from the insular cortex changed, as it does from other uncomfortable things. The results were published in an obscure journal. This is not cutting-edge science or surprising, though I'm glad someone does studies like this. ...Read more
CC lesions: Depends on the type & location, etiology, & extent of involvement of brain. ...Read more
Consult neurologist: This type of injury can be detected by a neurologist or a psychologist. ...Read more
Prefrontal: Cognition, executive functions, planning and rational thinking. ...Read more
Suppresses it: Taking the hormone that is normally produced by the adrenal cortex means that it no longer produces it (negative feedback). If you suddenly stop taking the medication, your body needs several days to weeks to begin to make hormone again. So, if you are taking cortisol you need to taper the dose to make sure you give your glands the chance to being producing again. ...Read more
Prolonged use, yes: Using steroid for a brief period of time of less than a few weeks probably won't have long term effect, but prolonged use will suppress it--it loses the ability to produce the steroid. Thus folks who need to use steroid for an extended of time often need to remain on it. The length of time varies, but using more than 3 wks typically would need a slow wean. Consult doc. Good luck. ...Read more
Causing hypoadrenal: The adrenal cortex makes Hydrocortisone under the influence of acth from the pituitary. Too much cortisone will suppress the pituitary so it will not stimulate the adrenal to produce its own steroid. After taking cortisone in tapering amounts the adrenal will eventually wake up. ...Read more
No: Head size does not correlate with iq. ...Read more
Does anterior cingulate cortex turn off amygdala completely or simply make us unable to see emotions?
Network analysis: Neural networks exist in the brain subserving certain functions, often specific to that network. Anterior cingulate (acc) and amygdala are in one such circuit. Disrupting communications between the two will cause changes in each component. Re-establishment of communications by re-wiring the brain (plasticity) may cause restoration of function but it may be abnormal-hence altered emotionality. ...Read more
Regarding left primary motor cortex to biceps femoris, what type of information is relayed between these regions?
There are many-: -you think of contracting the muscle subconsciously brain sends impulse to muscle proprioception receptors lets the brain know where the leg is in time & space. Feed back lets brain know how hard you need it to contract. All is close to the speed of light. All this info goes back & forth instantaneously. It's much more complicated but excluding electrolytes involved takes a book. ...Read more
I had an mri. The impression on the report said minimal area of gliosis within the right insular cortex. What should I do?
Gliosis: Is rather non-specific brain inflammation, encountered in a multitude of neurologic conditions from post trauma scarring to multiple sclerosis or neurodegenerative disease. Your best resource will be your neurologist in trying to connect your actual symptoms/ the reason for the test with the MRI findings in trying to assign it to one of the above mentioned conditions. ...Read more
Rather 3 not 1: In a nutshell: 1- Cortisol, which is cortisone important for several metabolic functions, its release is regulated by the pituitary gland in the brain, 2- Aldosterone, plays a role in controlling blood pressure and balancing salts in circulation, and 3- acts a secondary site for producing Androgens, as testosterone and others, which have several effects on muscle mass and cell growth, ...Read more
Absence seizures are a type of generalized seizure, perhaps with some relevance of the centro-temporal area on both sides.
A complex partial seizure, which may appear similar to an observer, can have a focal onset, like the temporal lobe.
Hope that helps! ...Read more
Cerebrum is the 2 hemispheres (Right & Left) of brain.
Cerebral cortex is outer gray matter covering the brain. ...Read more
Not much: The cortex of the lymph node can be thickened and is more of a descriptive term by pathologists. It is non-specific and can be seen in normal conditions, or in diseased conditions. This is typically information that the pathologist communicates to your primary care provider. ...Read more
No: Do not waste your money.Get a more detailed answer ›
Shrinks down: If you do not use a gland, it tends to atrophy, or shrink. If you take steroid pills, your adrenals do not need to produce any, and the glands atrophy. The cells, however, do not die, so they will come back, but it can take time, depending on how long you were on steroids and what dose. ...Read more
How much? How long?: It depends on the steroids potency (they differ), the length of time you take it, and the amount you are taken. Very modest suppression can occur within a week, because acth production by the pituitary will decrease, but reawaken in a couple of days. However high doses for along period (1mo) will atrophy the adrenal gland and you will need to taperm commencing with an alternate day regimen. ...Read more
Prefrontal: Cognition, executive functions, planning and rational thinking. Cerebellum is for balance. ...Read more