hypercholesterolemia

Condition Uncommon
Description
<b>Hypercholesterolemia is also known as <a href="#topics/High-cholesterol">High cholesterol</a></b>. Hypercholesterolemia is the condition of having a high cholesterol level in the blood.
Authored by Dr. Robert Kwok

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What is hypercholesterolemia?

High

Hypercholesterolemia
cholesterol
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What are the tests for hypercholesterolemia?

Hypercholestrolemia

Hypercholesterolemia
A lipd profile will do
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Dr. Paul Hartlaub answered:

What are the symptoms of hypercholesterolemia?

Generally none

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Except in extreme cases when you can get an inflammed pancreas or liver, or skin fat globules, there are usually no symptoms until you have a stroke or heart attack. That is why we check your cholesterol if you are at risk. A good resource for general prevention information is My Health Checklist 2012.
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What can you do to address familial hypercholesterolemia?

See a Lipidologist

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Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) is a genetic disorder causing decreased clearance of LDL from blood. Most patients get a defective gene from on parent causing Heterozygous FH (about 1 in 500 children). Rarely, genes from both parents are defective giving homozygous FH (1 in 1,000,000). Lipidologists specialize in managing FH patients. Check http://www.learnyourlipids.com to find a lipidologist.
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Dr. Gurmukh Singh answered:

How do I find out if I have familial hypercholesterolemia?

Tests

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You should the discuss the matter with your doctor as it may require performing multiple tests, in succession on you and your family members. The first one would be to have blood lipids tested in fasting state and depending on those results, other tests and tests on family members may be needed. Confirmation of the diagnosis may require molecular testing.
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Do doctors know what causes familial hypercholesterolemia?

Yes

Hypercholesterolemia
LDL liver receptors normally grab onto the cholesterol in the blood stream, dump the cholesterol into the bile and thus lower the blood cholesterol level..In familial hypercholesterolemia there is a much lower number of these receptors so the blood cholesterol level is very high allowing the cholesterol to be deposited in blood vessels causing the deposits leading to heart attacks and strokes
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Dr. Daniel Zanger answered:

what treatment should someone take for Hypercholesterolemia?

Cholesterol

Hypercholesterolemia
There are a bunch of non pharmicological treatment including diet and exercise . Red yeast rice is also helpful to lower LDL . Medications include statin drugs niacin and a group called fib rates
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Does anyone know how familial hypercholesterolemia is diagnosed?

Lipid testing

Hypercholesterolemia
A simple blood test will help your doctor determine whether you have a genetic disorder that makes it difficult for your body to maintain normal levels of cholesterol and triglycerides.
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Why doesn't everybody with hypercholesterolemia get heart attacks?

All don't, but......

Heart
Everyone with hypercholesterolemia doesn't have a heart attack, but many do. High levels of BAD cholesterol (LDL-C) in the blood are a significant risk factor for heart attacks (via plaque [blockages] in the coronary arteries). Other risk factors include high blood, pressure, smoking, and many more. Having high LDL-C contributes to risk, but is NOT the only factor.
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Are there any common complications of familial hypercholesterolemia?

YES

Hypercholesterolemia
familial hypercholesterolemia can be very potentially serious. a full evaluation of what you lipid profile, family history, longevity of family members, diseases in the FH are all important for your future health and will guide you as to what lifestyle changes you must make it quality of life and longevity. Get ye to a good primary care internist.
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