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Doctor insights on: Hyperammonemic Encephalopathy Symptoms

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Are there symptoms of encephalopathy?

Are there symptoms of encephalopathy?

See definition: Encephalopathy means pathology of brain. It is not a disease or specific, as it means abnormal brain. There are muliple variations depending on cause and presentation. Most common might be issues with focus, memory, and concentration. ...Read more

Dr. Michael DePietro
139 Doctors shared insights

Encephalopathy (Definition)

Encephalon means brain, pathy means abnormal, so the full term means abnormal brain. I see the statement used by many of my colleagues, but it is not a diagnosis, ...Read more


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What are the symptoms common to encephalopathy?

What are the symptoms common to encephalopathy?

Any brain symptoms: Encephalopathy is a nonspecific term used for any brain disease. The term is usually preceded by adjectives that provide the specific information (e.g., hypoxic-ischemic, nutritional, etc). Confusion is probably the most common symptom that would be observed in many types of encephalopathies. ...Read more

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What are the common presenting symptoms of wernicke encephalopathy?

What are the common presenting symptoms of wernicke encephalopathy?

Wernicke's: Wernicke's encephalopathy is a serious neurologic disorder related to thiamine deficiency, and seen frequently in chronic alcoholics. The presenting triad of symptoms is confusion, ataxia, and ophthalmoplegia (inability to move the eyes). In advanced cases you might also see memory loss and confabulation -- the person fills in what isn't recalled, with stories that could sound okay, but aren't. ...Read more

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What are the symptoms of hepatic encephalopathy?

What are the symptoms of hepatic encephalopathy?

Encephalopathy: Symptoms of hepatic encephalopathy may be mild at first then become severe. Mild symptoms may include mood changes, mild confusion, forgetfulness, and changes in sleep, while more severe symptoms may include agitation, disorientation or severe confusion, abnormal movements, sleepiness, and slurred speech. Patients may progress to coma and death in the most severe cases. ...Read more

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What are symptoms of chronic traumatic encephalopathy?

What are symptoms of chronic traumatic encephalopathy?

Post consustion syn: The symptoms include impaired memory, confusion, poor judgment, aggression, impulse control issues, depression, anxiety, suicidal feeling, and parkinsonism. Symptoms often begin many years after the last brain trauma. The end stage is progressive dementia. ...Read more

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What are some symptoms of hashimoto's encephalopathy?

What are some symptoms of hashimoto's encephalopathy?

Dementia + thyroid: Hashimoto's encephalopathy is a rapidly progressive, sometimes steroid-responsive, dementing illness, that accompanies evidence for hashimoto's autoimmune thyroiditis. Steroid-responsive encephalopathy is often used as an equivalent to hashimoto's. Disorientation, confusing, and other generic features of dementia would be typical. ...Read more

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Can liver disease present with only hepatic encephalopathy, with normal bloodwork and no other symptoms or is this something else possibly?

Encephalopathy: It would be inordinately unusual to develop hepatic encephalopathy with "normal bloodwork", but without knowing what tests to which you are referring it is difficult to answer this question intelligently. It does sound like something entirely different may be going on. Best wishes for a successful outcome. ...Read more

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What is postpanoxic encephalopathy?

What is postpanoxic encephalopathy?

Post-anoxic?: Post-anoxic encephalopathy occurs when the brain is deprived of oxygen for a period of time. There are many causes of this including when a patient suffers a cardiac arrest and survives a prolonged resuscitation attempt. Sometimes, in this case, the body survives but the brain suffers a severe injury and the patient does not awaken. ...Read more

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Can you tell me about encephalopathy?

Encephalopathy: Encephalopathy is a general term to refer to an injury to the brain, by trauma, infection, anoxia, bleeding among other causes. In short the brain has been injured by any of the above mechanisns, there are others but these are the most common. ...Read more

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Is static encephalopathy a common disease?

Description: Static=doesn't change; encephalopathy= a problem that affects the ability of the brain to function
This is a description not a disease. It is commonly used to describe the injury that causes cerebral palsy. It can also also be applied to a brain injury from trauma (car crash, fight, fall, etc.) or residual injury from an infection like meningitis. ...Read more

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What can you tell me about encephalopathy?

A lot!!: Briefly encephalopathy is a term used when the brain is affected universally by either metabolic, infective' hypoxic or toxic causes. ...Read more

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How can you heal encephalopathy naturally.?

Encephalopathy: Know of no natural treatment for this. ...Read more

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What exactly is acute disseminated encephalopathy?

What exactly is acute disseminated encephalopathy?

ADEM: Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis is a rare autoimmune disease affecting the brain & spinal cord, damaging the myelin & destroying the white matter. Symptoms are similar to Multiple sclerosis. It usually follows viral infection or vaccination. Symptoms start with fever, headaches, drowsiness, seizures. ...Read more

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Explain what happens in postpanoxic encephalopathy?

Explain what happens in postpanoxic encephalopathy?

Encephalopathy: Post anoxic encephalopathy or hypoxic encephalopathy is a condition characterized by brain dysfunction caused by lack of oxygen delivery to the brain. The patient may have coma, seizures, agitation, motor, sensory, and/or cognitive impairment. Patient recovery from this state varies, but there may be significant residual neurological deficits. ...Read more

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If I develop encephalopathy, how will it be treated?

If I develop encephalopathy, how will it be treated?

Due to what?: Encephalopathy means damage to the brain and its functioning. There are numerous causes for this. Some are direct and others affect the brain by metabolic changes due to disease occurring elsewhere. Examples include infection, kidney failure, liver failure, vitamin deficiencies, drugs taken for other reasons, etc. You must know why the encephalopathy is occurring to answer this meaningfully. ...Read more

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I know this dude who has encephalopathy. What is that?

Brain dysfunction: Encephalopathy is a general term that refers to any disturbance in brain function such as level of conciousness, attention, or orientation to time, place or person. It is often used to describe a patient who is disoriented, confused, drowsy, or agitated. This may be due to process in the brain (e.g. Stroke, tumor, hemorrhage, infection, etc) or outside the brain (e.g. Liver or renal disease, etc). ...Read more

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What is the definition or description of: encephalopathy?

Generic: Encephalon means brain, pathy means abnormal, so the full term means abnormal brain. I see the statement used by many of my colleagues, but it is not a diagnosis, merely a generic expression. ...Read more

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Could you explain what is acute disseminated encephalopathy?

Terminology: Acute= happened quickly, not over a long period
disseminated= effects spread over wide area, not localized to a limited area.
Encephalopathy= damage affecting the brain
these are descriptors that describe a process. They would usually be entioned with a cause, whether infectious, toxic, or traumatic. ...Read more

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What encephalopathy unspecified means in a child 4 years old?

What encephalopathy unspecified means in a child 4 years old?

Cause unknown: There are a multitude of events/agents that can result in brain injury. These can occur during pregnancy or later but not be recognised until a kid begins to miss expected developmental milestones. In the early 80's it became apparent that more than half of kids with CP, a marker for brain injury had no known pregnancy problem. Encephalo=brain, pathy=injury, unspecified ...Read more

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What are the indications someone has wernicke's encephalopathy?

The three Ws: The classical triad of wernickes is mental status changes, gait ataxia (discoordination), and incontinence. That being said, the majority of patients with wernickes do not display this triad, and as such we will often treat them empirically with thiamine, especially if they have a history of nutritional compromise. ...Read more

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Can you explain progressive reversible encephalopathy syndrome?

Can you explain progressive reversible encephalopathy syndrome?

Allergic brain rxn: Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (pres) is often only an MRI finding of increased signal in temporal, parietal, and occipital brain regions. The main correlate of pres is a history of having received immunotherapy. In association with alzheimer's trials, this is called aria for amyloid related imaging abnormalities. ...Read more

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Could you have done to test to see if you have ever had transmissible spongiform encephalopathies, or if you do now, or how to recognizre it in someone?

Do not recover: You do not recover from spongiform encephalopathies (brains take on a "spongy" appearance) which are prion disease. While usually diagnosed post-mortem on autopsy, there are some diagnostic testing that can be done such as MRI, EEG, and CSF examination. Symptoms can include behavioral changes, myoclonus, seizures, etc. But these can mimic some other neurologic diseases. ...Read more

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What's wernicke encephalopathy?

Deficiency of B1: It is a neurologic syndrome caused by a deficiency of vitamin b1. It is mostly confined to those with severe malnutrition, classically patients with alcoholism. It damages areas of the brain concerned with balance, eye movements and memory so those with the syndrome have difficulty walking (ataxia) memory problems, and ey movement abnormalities. ...Read more

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What causes neonatal encephalopathy?

What causes neonatal encephalopathy?

See below:: In ne, it is not always possible to document a significant hypoxic-ischemic insult. There are potentially several other etiologies, specifically, it is important to exclude metabolic disease, infection, drug exposure, nervous system malformation and neonatal stroke as possible causes of the encephalopathy. The nature of brain injury causing neurologic impairment in a newborn is poorly understood. ...Read more

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What is wernicke encephalopathy like?

What is wernicke encephalopathy like?

Confabulation: Wernicke's encephalopathy is due to a vitamin deficiency and causes a typical picture of dementia, gait problems, and confabulation which means that the patient's conversation is not based in reality and that can difficult to distinguish from psychosis. ...Read more

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What are the differences between encephalitis vs encephalopathies?

Fever: Encephalitis is a state of altered mental status associated with fever as well as certain findings on brain imaging and lumbar puncture. Encephalitis is often caused by an infection (bacterial, viral, parasitic) but can be due to autoimmune diseases. Encephalopathy is an altered mental status without fever that can be due to many different causes including drug effects, lack of oxygen and toxins. ...Read more

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What is treatment of encephalopathy?

What is treatment of encephalopathy?

Varies: Encephalopathy merely means abnormal brain function, and causes are numerous. Epilepsy may respond to medications or vns units. Cognitive issues may benefit from memory enhancing drugs, infections from antibiotics. Medications and toxic exposures can cause encephalopathy, and some cancers cause as a para-neoplastic phenomenon. Treatment varies. ...Read more

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What is transmissible spongiform encephalopathies what are the treatments?

What is transmissible spongiform encephalopathies what are the treatments?

Prion diseases.: Transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (tses) are disease that affect the brain and nervous system. They are caused by unique pathogens called prions, which are abnormally folded proteins. Scrapie, bovine spongiform encephalopathy ("mad cow disease"), and kuru are examples. There is no approved treatments, but vaccines, gene therapies, and custom peptides are being investigated. ...Read more

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If you have contacted transmissible spongiform encephalopathies what are treatments?

None: Unfortunately, there are no known effective treatments for transmissible spongiform encephalopathies. ...Read more