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Doctor insights on: Hyperalimentation

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Total Parenteral Nutrition (Definition)

Total parenteral nutrition is the term used to describe a nutritional formula that is administered through the veins. When the digestive system cannot be used due to inflammation, blockage, or absorption problems, individuals will receive all nutrition via an intravenous catheter. This is usually not the preferred method of delivering nutrition long term and is ...Read more


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What type of insulin is added to a TPN hyperalimentation?

What type of insulin is added to a TPN hyperalimentation?

Reg human insulin: Regular human Insulin (r) is typically added to TPN or total parenteral nutrition. Because TPN is given via the vein, human r Insulin that is delivered with the nutrients can immediately be transported throughout the body to have effects. This is in contrast to the situation when a person injects Insulin into skin. In this case r human Insulin needs at least 30-40 min to start having effects. ...Read more

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What type of insulin is usually added to TPN (hyperalimentation)?

TPN insulin: Once Insulin is given IV (like tpn) it lasts the same (minutes) no matter what type it is. Usually regular (human r) Insulin is added because it is the cheapest insulin., so why spend more on more expensive Insulin when they all will last for the same timings and have exactly the same effects. ...Read more

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Will total parenteral nutrition heal me?

Will total parenteral nutrition heal me?

Difficult to answer: What is the ailment? Tpn is usually a temporary treatment to tide a person over till s/he can recover from a GI illness. ...Read more

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How do you use total parenteral nutrition?

In the veins: Total parenteral nutrition is provided in the veins as protein, sugar and fats to support life when the intestinal tract is not able to absorb its nutrition. ...Read more

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What is total parenteral nutrition solution?

What is total parenteral nutrition solution?

Everything: its is protein, carbohydrates and fat. It has electrolytes and trace minerals and vitamins. Everything you need to survive is in it. The protein is usually in the form of amino acids, the carbohydrates is a dextrose solution. People on TPN need to be monitored for their electrolytes. It provides the amount of calories a person needs for repair, growth, directlyinto the bloodstream ...Read more

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When is total parenteral nutrition necessary?

When is total parenteral nutrition necessary?

Necessary...: Total parenteral nutrition, tpn, is needed when the gut is not functional for any reason. There are many scenarios when it becomes necessary including post-op from a surgery on the intestines, massive trauma, infections causing massive vommiting, hyperemesis of pregnancy, etc. ...Read more

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What could affect total parenteral nutrition?

What could affect total parenteral nutrition?

Lots of issues: What's your underlying disease state/condition that requires that you get your nutrition from alternate means. How many calories do you need? How much protein, fat, carbs, etc? Any other nutritional deficiencies? Do you need to lose, maintain or gain weight? Fluid status? Lots of issues to consider. Make sure a nutritionist is involved. ...Read more

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How is total parenteral nutrition usually given?

How is total parenteral nutrition usually given?

Through a vein: Enteral typically means thru your gut or intestine whereas parenteral means any way besides your gut/intestine. Therefore, parenteral nutrition is food typically given through veins. Due to nature of this kind of food, you can't put it thru a small vein like on back of your hand. It has to go thru a major vein, say in your neck, under your collar bone, etc. But since it'll be a while, we use picc. ...Read more

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Is there alternative to total parenteral nutrition?

Is there alternative to total parenteral nutrition?

Yes: If your intestinal tract is working, you should try to use it. If there is a reason that your intestinal tract is not working then Total parenteral nutrition into the veins is necessary to provide, protein, fat, vitamins, minerals and carbohydrates in the form of dextrose. ...Read more

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