Doctor insights on:
Human T Cell Lymphotropic Virus Symptoms
HTLV: HTLV stands for "Human T-cell Lymphotropic Virus" -essentially a family of viruses that could cause a certain cancer -- adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma. There's another disease too called HTLV-I associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis that is serious. An infectious diseases specialist can help you get evaluated for this, if you are concerned. Some populations are at risk- like Caribbean. ...Read more
Sometimes...: The overwhelming majority of cases of adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma have evidence of HTLV-1 infection. Cutaneous T-cell lymphoma is also potentially linked to this virus. On the flip-side, only 1-5% of people with HTLV-1 will develop cancer. Hope this helps! ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Not the same : Htlv shares many similarities with HIV but not the same. It differs significantly from hiv-1 in the spectrum of diseases caused and the way by which it causes the disease. ...Read more
Cellular immunity: These are cells that work as part of the cellular immune system, fighting certain fungal (e.g. Cryptococcus), viral (e.g. Herpesviruses), parastic (e.g. Toxoplasma), and bacterial (e.g. Tuberulosis) infections. The cellular immune system also helps to prevent certain cancers, such as lymphomas. ...Read more
What happens if cytotoxic t cells destroy cancer and viruses, then why do humans still get these diseases and tumours?
Great question!: This is one of the "holy grails" of cancer immunology research. Cytotoxic t cells are suppressed by other t cells, and some cancers and viruses create molecules that increase this suppression of cytotoxic t cells. There's also the problem of tolerance; our immune systems don't work against ourselves (usually), and cancer and viruses involve normal cells that are protected from immune attack. ...Read more
The T 8 cell.: This is called the killer t cell because it kills virally infected cells, among other things. The other predominant kind, the T4 cell, is a central director of the immune response. ...Read more
What are some causes of an over active immune system with a monoclonal T cell Beta gene receptor finding? Have tested negative for Ana / RA / viruses
No simple answer.: T-cell receptor studies prove clonality, meaning an expansion of a single line of T-cells, a kind of immune system cell. The test is mainly used to confirm the presence of T-cell cancers, but is not sufficient for cancer diagnosis because it's too sensitive and not specific. Anything that stimulates the immune system, infections, autoimmune diseases, inflammatory states, will produce a positive. ...Read more
Positive for EBV is it possible the virus could enter nerve cells and t cells and nk killer cells could mistakenly attacks those nerve cells?
Any description of the ebola virus and scientific details on how it attacks the human cells as different from other viruses?
Ebola Virus: See: http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca/lab-bio/res/psds-ftss/ebola-eng.php *Ebola virions enter host cells through endocytosis and replication occurs in the cytoplasm. Upon infection, the virus affects the host blood coagulative and immune defense system and leads to severe immunosuppression. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Could mast cell activation disorder cause a virus to trigger severe sinus symptoms and reactive airways?
Mast cell disorders: A variety of triggers may induce a mast cell response. These include drug abuse, alcohol drinking, preservatives, stress, sunlight, environmental toxins, bacteria/fungi/mold, artificial colors or flavorings, heat/cold, and presumably viral infection. Minimizing your exposure to these triggers may help redcuce your risk of triggering mast cell activation. ...Read more
Ebv positive could the virus got into my nerve cells as I felt my body being attacked I have so many symptoms like its killed my nervous system?
EBV: Member of herpes virus family and one of the most common viruses in human. Worldwide virus and most people become infected during their life. Have a unique ability to infect, activate and persist in latent form on b lymphocytes for the duration of the infected individual's lifetime. Implicated in CNS infections and even possibly multiple sclerosis. See a neurologist for a better assessment. ...Read more
Lymphocytes: Specifically, cd4+ t-lymphocytes commonly referred to as t cells. ...Read more
My PAP came back with "epithelial cell abnormality. LGSIL; mild dysplasia and human papilloma virus effects are present". What does this mean?
HPV, dysplasia: You have HPV and it has caused minor cellular abnormalities in your cervix. L(G)SIL stands for low (grade) squamous intra-epithelial lesion, usually due to a low risk (non cancer-causing) type of HPV. Most likely this is not serious, but follow your doctor's advice on follow-up testing and perhaps treatment. Get vaccinated to prevent more serious HPV infections and get tested for other STDs. ...Read more
Immune impairment: CD4 T lymphocytes are the drivers for immune response and thus a low count may be associated with immune impairment such as increased susceptibility to infections. This is a simplistic answer. ...Read more
Itchy skin: Pruritus /itchy skin would be the most common symptoms. Skin manifestation can vary from redness, dryness, lumps, etc. ...Read more
HIV infection: The acute infection stage of HIV usually begins to be widespread at about fourteen days after exposure. Most people do not experience any symptoms during this phase. But, those that do report a severe flu-like illness. Untreated, in a man, the average length of infection to death is eleven years. But, we do not need to worry about that. With treatment today, the length of life is 53 plus years. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer