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Doctor insights on: Human T Cell Lymphotropic Virus Symptoms

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Is human t cell leukemia/lymphotropic virus (htlv-1) contagious?

Is human t cell leukemia/lymphotropic virus (htlv-1) contagious?

Yes: Both htlv-1 and htlv-2 are spread by sexual transmission, from mother to child, and by exposure to infective blood through transfusions and injection drug use. In this respect the virus is contagious. It does not appear it is transmitted in any other way. ...Read more

Virus (Definition)

A virus is a small infectious agent that can replicate only inside the living cells of an organism. Viruses can infect all types of organisms, from animals and plants ...Read more


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Help docs, is human t cell leukemia/lymphotropic virus type 1 (htlv-1) contagious?

Help docs, is human t cell leukemia/lymphotropic virus type 1 (htlv-1) contagious?

Yes: The virus is present in blood and can be transmitted like HIV is transmitted. See this site for more info.

http://www.htlv1.eu/htlv_one.html ...Read more

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What is the human T-lymphotropic (HTL) virus?

What is the human T-lymphotropic (HTL) virus?

HTLV: HTLV stands for "Human T-cell Lymphotropic Virus" -essentially a family of viruses that could cause a certain cancer -- adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma. There's another disease too called HTLV-I associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis that is serious. An infectious diseases specialist can help you get evaluated for this, if you are concerned. Some populations are at risk- like Caribbean. ...Read more

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Is human T-lymphotropic virus 1associated with non-hodjkin lymphoma or not?

Is human T-lymphotropic virus 1associated with non-hodjkin lymphoma or not?

Sometimes...: The overwhelming majority of cases of adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma have evidence of HTLV-1 infection. Cutaneous T-cell lymphoma is also potentially linked to this virus. On the flip-side, only 1-5% of people with HTLV-1 will develop cancer. Hope this helps! ...Read more

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What shape is the human t-cell leukemia virus? Is that the same thing as the aids virus?

What shape is the human t-cell leukemia virus?  Is that the same thing as the aids virus?

Not the same : Htlv shares many similarities with HIV but not the same. It differs significantly from hiv-1 in the spectrum of diseases caused and the way by which it causes the disease. ...Read more

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The human immunodeficiency virus (hiv) infects helper t cells. What is the role of these cells?

The human immunodeficiency virus (hiv) infects helper t cells. What is the role of these cells?

Cellular immunity: These are cells that work as part of the cellular immune system, fighting certain fungal (e.g. Cryptococcus), viral (e.g. Herpesviruses), parastic (e.g. Toxoplasma), and bacterial (e.g. Tuberulosis) infections. The cellular immune system also helps to prevent certain cancers, such as lymphomas. ...Read more

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What happens if cytotoxic t cells destroy cancer and viruses, then why do humans still get these diseases and tumours?

What happens if cytotoxic t cells destroy cancer and viruses, then why do humans still get these diseases and tumours?

Great question!: This is one of the "holy grails" of cancer immunology research. Cytotoxic t cells are suppressed by other t cells, and some cancers and viruses create molecules that increase this suppression of cytotoxic t cells. There's also the problem of tolerance; our immune systems don't work against ourselves (usually), and cancer and viruses involve normal cells that are protected from immune attack. ...Read more

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What is the type of t-cell that kills virus-infected and tumor cells?

What is the type of t-cell that kills virus-infected and tumor cells?

The T 8 cell.: This is called the killer t cell because it kills virally infected cells, among other things. The other predominant kind, the T4 cell, is a central director of the immune response. ...Read more

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What are some causes of an over active immune system with a monoclonal T cell Beta gene receptor finding? Have tested negative for Ana / RA / viruses

What are some causes of an over active immune system with a monoclonal T cell Beta gene receptor finding? Have tested negative for Ana / RA / viruses

No simple answer.: T-cell receptor studies prove clonality, meaning an expansion of a single line of T-cells, a kind of immune system cell. The test is mainly used to confirm the presence of T-cell cancers, but is not sufficient for cancer diagnosis because it's too sensitive and not specific. Anything that stimulates the immune system, infections, autoimmune diseases, inflammatory states, will produce a positive. ...Read more

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Positive for EBV is it possible the virus could enter nerve cells and t cells and nk killer cells could mistakenly attacks those nerve cells?

Positive for EBV is it possible the virus could enter nerve cells and t cells and nk killer cells could mistakenly attacks those nerve cells?

HIghly unlikely: If you meant your ebv antibody titer is high, that is a very nonspecific finding unless the antibody is igm. Most healthy people have positive ebv titers and thus the probability is highly unlikely. ...Read more

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Any description of the ebola virus and scientific details on how it attacks the human cells as different from other viruses?

Any description of the ebola virus and scientific details on how it attacks the human cells as different from other viruses?

Ebola Virus: See: http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca/lab-bio/res/psds-ftss/ebola-eng.php *”Ebola virions enter host cells through endocytosis and replication occurs in the cytoplasm. Upon infection, the virus affects the host blood coagulative and immune defense system and leads to severe immunosuppression”. ...Read more

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Could mast cell activation disorder cause a virus to trigger severe sinus symptoms and reactive airways?

Mast cell disorders: A variety of “triggers” may induce a mast cell response. These include drug abuse, alcohol drinking, preservatives, stress, sunlight, environmental toxins, bacteria/fungi/mold, artificial colors or flavorings, heat/cold, and presumably viral infection. Minimizing your exposure to these triggers may help redcuce your risk of triggering mast cell activation. ...Read more

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Ebv positive could the virus got into my nerve cells as I felt my body being attacked I have so many symptoms like its killed my nervous system?

Ebv positive could the virus got into my nerve cells as I felt my body being attacked I have so many symptoms like its killed my nervous system?

EBV: Member of herpes virus family and one of the most common viruses in human. Worldwide virus and most people become infected during their life. Have a unique ability to infect, activate and persist in latent form on b lymphocytes for the duration of the infected individual's lifetime. Implicated in CNS infections and even possibly multiple sclerosis. See a neurologist for a better assessment. ...Read more

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My PAP came back with "epithelial cell abnormality. LGSIL; mild dysplasia and human papilloma virus effects are present". What does this mean?

My PAP came back with "epithelial cell abnormality. LGSIL; mild dysplasia and human papilloma virus effects are present". What does this mean?

HPV, dysplasia: You have HPV and it has caused minor cellular abnormalities in your cervix. L(G)SIL stands for low (grade) squamous intra-epithelial lesion, usually due to a low risk (non cancer-causing) type of HPV. Most likely this is not serious, but follow your doctor's advice on follow-up testing and perhaps treatment. Get vaccinated to prevent more serious HPV infections and get tested for other STDs. ...Read more

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What are the symptoms of a low CD4/t cell count?

What are the symptoms of a low CD4/t cell count?

Immune impairment: CD4 T lymphocytes are the drivers for immune response and thus a low count may be associated with immune impairment such as increased susceptibility to infections. This is a simplistic answer. ...Read more

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Most common symptoms of cutaneous t cell lymphoma?

Itchy skin: Pruritus /itchy skin would be the most common symptoms. Skin manifestation can vary from redness, dryness, lumps, etc. ...Read more

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When (I mean how many years/months after) HIV viruses will show symptoms in human body?

HIV infection: The acute infection stage of HIV usually begins to be widespread at about fourteen days after exposure. Most people do not experience any symptoms during this phase. But, those that do report a severe flu-like illness. Untreated, in a man, the average length of infection to death is eleven years. But, we do not need to worry about that. With treatment today, the length of life is 53 plus years. ...Read more

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Doctors, what are the symptoms of stage 4 childhood t cell non-hodgkins lymphoma?

Doctors, what are the symptoms of stage 4 childhood t cell non-hodgkins lymphoma?

Start with this link: http://www.cancerresearchuk.org/cancer-help/about-cancer/cancer-questions/childhood-non-hodgkins-lymphoma

Get a more detailed answer ›
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How Nipah virus affecs on human & how it kills? What are the symptoms of affected with virus? Pls describe me about this

How Nipah virus affecs on human & how it kills? What are the symptoms of affected with virus? Pls describe me about this

See links: http://www.cdc.gov/vhf/nipah/
http://www.who.int/csr/disease/nipah/en/

NiV infection in humans has a range of clinical presentations, from asymptomatic infection (no symptoms) to acute respiratory (lung infection) syndrome and fatal encephalitis (infection of brain) ...Read more

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What symptoms are caused by the human immunodeficiency virus?

What symptoms are caused by the human immunodeficiency virus?

Many and few.: At the outset the patient infected may not even be aware of the presence of the virus, and this can persist until the immune system is badly damaged, and secondary infections or cancers occur (8-12 yrs). Sometimes, acute HIV syndrome will present as a mononucleosis-type illness with multiple symptoms. The Best thing to do is get checked and tested if you feel you have been exposed. ...Read more

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Can 2 biopsies done at same time rule out cutaneous t-cell lymphoma completely? If symptoms point to ctcl but biopsy was neg when should we re-biopsy?

Can 2 biopsies done at same time rule out cutaneous t-cell lymphoma completely? If symptoms point to ctcl but biopsy was neg when should we re-biopsy?

Not Completely: The average number of biopsies to completely diagnose CTCL is about 6. That said, if the type of CTCL is the common type, mycosis fungoides(MF), and not mimics of MF, then 1 or 2 biopsies could be diagnostic especially if typical patches, plaques of CTCL. If the latter, ancillary tests including molecular clonality T cell test are crucial for diagnosis excluding mimics. Rebiopsy in about 3 mos. ...Read more

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We know that HIV virus sleeps in humans body for 10 years if it inserts into a human body what is the primary symptom how a people can immediatelyknow?

We know that HIV virus sleeps in humans body for 10 years if it inserts into a human body what is the primary symptom how a people can immediatelyknow?

Have a blood test: It is true that it can take 10 years or even more for HIV to cause serious health problems. However, the blood tests for HIV are accurate much sooner. Depending on the particular test or combination of tests, HIV can be accurately diagnosed as soon as 10-12 days after infection and always within 3 months. If you think you may have been exposed, get tested. ...Read more

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How do I know if I have avian flu? What are the symptoms of avian flu in humans? How do I know if I have avian flu or a regular virus? .

How do I know if I have avian flu? What are the symptoms of avian flu in humans? How do I know if I have avian flu or a regular virus?
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Exposure to dead or: You only get avian flu if you are exposed to dead or sick poultry. It is rare condition in humans if you have not been exposed to sick or dead poultry you do not have to worry about avian flu. ...Read more

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Virus of human papilloma can appeared one year after the sexual intercourse? Is white discharge and redness one of the symptoms?

Virus of human papilloma can appeared one year after the sexual intercourse? Is white discharge and redness one of the symptoms?

Yes and No: The hpv can remains dormant for years. Sometimes it only shows on a pap smear, other times it can cause warty growths. It will not cause a discharge and redness. ...Read more

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Can viruses and/or bacteria cause mutation(s) in human genes? If so, do stem cells correct the mutations after the viral/bacterial infection is gone?

Can viruses and/or bacteria cause mutation(s) in human genes?  If so, do stem cells correct the mutations after the viral/bacterial infection is gone?

Too complex: Cannot possibly begin to answer this question in the space of 400 characters. You need to discuss this face to face with somebody who specializes in the field. ...Read more

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What symptoms are associated with low levels of T cells?

What symptoms are associated with low levels of T cells?

Mainly fever: In addition to other symptoms as fatigue, rash, diarrhea, cough, all due to repeated respiratory and gut infections. Blood stream infection and urinary tract infections would be possible too, that said, the condition is relative, low T cells can be transient, primary or secondary, mild or severe, though the question looks simple, the answer is complex, and patients with T cell need to be monitored ...Read more

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Can you tell me if cancer is the rapid multiplying of mutated cells, why hasn't a virus been made to target those cells?

Can you tell me if cancer is the rapid multiplying of mutated cells, why hasn't a virus been made to target those cells?

Current research...: There are actually many research labs around the world attempting to construct viruses to specifically target and kill cancer cells (known as oncolytic viral therapy). Hopefully soon it will be known how effective these are for treating cancer in patients. ...Read more