Doctor insights on:
Human T Cell Lymphotropic Virus Symptoms
HTLV: HTLV stands for "Human T-cell Lymphotropic Virus" -essentially a family of viruses that could cause a certain cancer -- adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma. There's another disease too called HTLV-I associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis that is serious. An infectious diseases specialist can help you get evaluated for this, if you are concerned. Some populations are at risk- like Caribbean. ...Read more
Not the same : Htlv shares many similarities with HIV but not the same. It differs significantly from hiv-1 in the spectrum of diseases caused and the way by which it causes the disease. ...Read more
Cellular immunity: These are cells that work as part of the cellular immune system, fighting certain fungal (e.g. Cryptococcus), viral (e.g. Herpesviruses), parastic (e.g. Toxoplasma), and bacterial (e.g. Tuberulosis) infections. The cellular immune system also helps to prevent certain cancers, such as lymphomas. ...Read more
What happens if cytotoxic t cells destroy cancer and viruses, then why do humans still get these diseases and tumours?
Great question!: This is one of the "holy grails" of cancer immunology research. Cytotoxic t cells are suppressed by other t cells, and some cancers and viruses create molecules that increase this suppression of cytotoxic t cells. There's also the problem of tolerance; our immune systems don't work against ourselves (usually), and cancer and viruses involve normal cells that are protected from immune attack. ...Read more
The T 8 cell.: This is called the killer t cell because it kills virally infected cells, among other things. The other predominant kind, the T4 cell, is a central director of the immune response. ...Read more
What are some causes of an over active immune system with a monoclonal T cell Beta gene receptor finding? Have tested negative for Ana / RA / viruses
No simple answer.: T-cell receptor studies prove clonality, meaning an expansion of a single line of T-cells, a kind of immune system cell. The test is mainly used to confirm the presence of T-cell cancers, but is not sufficient for cancer diagnosis because it's too sensitive and not specific. Anything that stimulates the immune system, infections, autoimmune diseases, inflammatory states, will produce a positive. ...Read more
Positive for EBV is it possible the virus could enter nerve cells and t cells and nk killer cells could mistakenly attacks those nerve cells?
Any description of the ebola virus and scientific details on how it attacks the human cells as different from other viruses?
Ebola Virus: See: http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca/lab-bio/res/psds-ftss/ebola-eng.php *Ebola virions enter host cells through endocytosis and replication occurs in the cytoplasm. Upon infection, the virus affects the host blood coagulative and immune defense system and leads to severe immunosuppression. ...Read more
Could mast cell activation disorder cause a virus to trigger severe sinus symptoms and reactive airways?
Mast cell disorders: A variety of triggers may induce a mast cell response. These include drug abuse, alcohol drinking, preservatives, stress, sunlight, environmental toxins, bacteria/fungi/mold, artificial colors or flavorings, heat/cold, and presumably viral infection. Minimizing your exposure to these triggers may help redcuce your risk of triggering mast cell activation. ...Read more
Ebv positive could the virus got into my nerve cells as I felt my body being attacked I have so many symptoms like its killed my nervous system?
EBV: Member of herpes virus family and one of the most common viruses in human. Worldwide virus and most people become infected during their life. Have a unique ability to infect, activate and persist in latent form on b lymphocytes for the duration of the infected individual's lifetime. Implicated in CNS infections and even possibly multiple sclerosis. See a neurologist for a better assessment. ...Read more
Lymphocytes: Specifically, cd4+ t-lymphocytes commonly referred to as t cells. ...Read more
My PAP came back with "epithelial cell abnormality. LGSIL; mild dysplasia and human papilloma virus effects are present". What does this mean?
HPV, dysplasia: You have HPV and it has caused minor cellular abnormalities in your cervix. L(G)SIL stands for low (grade) squamous intra-epithelial lesion, usually due to a low risk (non cancer-causing) type of HPV. Most likely this is not serious, but follow your doctor's advice on follow-up testing and perhaps treatment. Get vaccinated to prevent more serious HPV infections and get tested for other STDs. ...Read more
Immune impairment: CD4 T lymphocytes are the drivers for immune response and thus a low count may be associated with immune impairment such as increased susceptibility to infections. This is a simplistic answer. ...Read more
Itchy skin: Pruritus /itchy skin would be the most common symptoms. Skin manifestation can vary from redness, dryness, lumps, etc. ...Read more
HIV infection: The acute infection stage of HIV usually begins to be widespread at about fourteen days after exposure. Most people do not experience any symptoms during this phase. But, those that do report a severe flu-like illness. Untreated, in a man, the average length of infection to death is eleven years. But, we do not need to worry about that. With treatment today, the length of life is 53 plus years. ...Read more
Start with this link: http://www.cancerresearchuk.org/cancer-help/about-cancer/cancer-questions/childhood-non-hodgkins-lymphomaGet a more detailed answer ›
How Nipah virus affecs on human & how it kills? What are the symptoms of affected with virus? Pls describe me about this
Many and few.: At the outset the patient infected may not even be aware of the presence of the virus, and this can persist until the immune system is badly damaged, and secondary infections or cancers occur (8-12 yrs). Sometimes, acute HIV syndrome will present as a mononucleosis-type illness with multiple symptoms. The Best thing to do is get checked and tested if you feel you have been exposed. ...Read more
Can 2 biopsies done at same time rule out cutaneous t-cell lymphoma completely? If symptoms point to ctcl but biopsy was neg when should we re-biopsy?
Not Completely: The average number of biopsies to completely diagnose CTCL is about 6. That said, if the type of CTCL is the common type, mycosis fungoides(MF), and not mimics of MF, then 1 or 2 biopsies could be diagnostic especially if typical patches, plaques of CTCL. If the latter, ancillary tests including molecular clonality T cell test are crucial for diagnosis excluding mimics. Rebiopsy in about 3 mos. ...Read more
We know that HIV virus sleeps in humans body for 10 years if it inserts into a human body what is the primary symptom how a people can immediatelyknow?
Have a blood test: It is true that it can take 10 years or even more for HIV to cause serious health problems. However, the blood tests for HIV are accurate much sooner. Depending on the particular test or combination of tests, HIV can be accurately diagnosed as soon as 10-12 days after infection and always within 3 months. If you think you may have been exposed, get tested. ...Read more
How do I know if I have avian flu? What are the symptoms of avian flu in humans? How do I know if I have avian flu or a regular virus?
Exposure to dead or: You only get avian flu if you are exposed to dead or sick poultry. It is rare condition in humans if you have not been exposed to sick or dead poultry you do not have to worry about avian flu. ...Read more
Virus of human papilloma can appeared one year after the sexual intercourse? Is white discharge and redness one of the symptoms?
Can viruses and/or bacteria cause mutation(s) in human genes? If so, do stem cells correct the mutations after the viral/bacterial infection is gone?
Too complex: Cannot possibly begin to answer this question in the space of 400 characters. You need to discuss this face to face with somebody who specializes in the field. ...Read more
Mainly fever: In addition to other symptoms as fatigue, rash, diarrhea, cough, all due to repeated respiratory and gut infections. Blood stream infection and urinary tract infections would be possible too, that said, the condition is relative, low T cells can be transient, primary or secondary, mild or severe, though the question looks simple, the answer is complex, and patients with T cell need to be monitored ...Read more