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Doctor insights on: Hpv And Vaginal Cancer

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Are vulval cancer and vaginal cancer caused by hpv?

Are vulval cancer and vaginal cancer caused by hpv?

Associated: Hpv is associated with genital areas for warts and cancers in men and women which can include inside into the vagina and cervix and anus. Head and neck linings can also be associated with hpv. What I am saying hpv does not always lead to or cause these cancers and these cancers can occur without hpv. Gardasil vaccines can help prevent hpv. ...Read more

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Dr. Gary Pess
4 doctors shared insights

Hpv (Definition)

Human Papillomavirus (HPV) is the most common sexually transmitted infection. There are over 100 different types of HPV that causes warts in different areas of the body. HPV is incredibly common and almost all sexually active men and women get it during their lifetime. Most of the time HPV does not cause any symptoms or complications. However, A limited number of these HPV viruses are pathogenic and if not monitored carefully can be responsible for causing cervical and penile cancer. Some of these viruses have been ...Read more


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What strains of HPV cause cervical and prostate cancer?

What strains of HPV cause cervical and prostate cancer?

Not prostate: No HPV is indicated in prostate cancer. Please don't equivocate the two. Prostate cancer is almost entirely due to androgenic stimulation as far as we know now. Not HPV. ...Read more

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Is vulval cancer different from vaginal cancer?

Is vulval cancer different from vaginal cancer?

Yes: The vulva are the external lips at the opening of the vagina. Vaginal cancer would originate inside the vagina from the vaginal mucosal lining, whereas vulvar cancer would start outside of the vagina. Vulvar cancer could spread to the vagina, just as a vaginal cancer could spread outward to the vulva. With either, early detection and treatment gives the best outcome. ...Read more

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Diagnosed HPV in Pap smear. Only 1 partner, recently had unprotected anal sex with him. HPV spreads to bum from vag? Anal cancer?

Diagnosed HPV in Pap smear. Only 1 partner, recently had unprotected anal sex with him. HPV spreads to bum from vag? Anal cancer?

HPV spread: The Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) can produce vulvo-vaginal as well as anal lesions. If you have obvious growths a MD can treat them immediately to decrease your risk of spread. If untreated, anal cancers are a future possibility with the lesions. By the way, your boyfriend should see a MD as well to make sure he is HPV free or not before continuing sexual contact. ...Read more

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Performed one-time vaginal oral sex on HPV positive woman. She has history of abnormal pap (non cancer) with this HPV. My chances of HPV contraction?

Performed one-time vaginal oral sex on HPV positive woman. She has history of abnormal pap (non cancer) with this HPV.  My chances of HPV contraction?

Possible: There are various subtypes of the HPV virus and they can be transferred by oral sex. The probability depends on how active her disease is at present. If her diagnosis was well in the past and her recent paps are normal, there would be less chance. ...Read more

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How are PID and vaginal cancer related?

How are PID and vaginal cancer related?

Both are STD's: Pid (pelvic inflammatory disease) starts with a sexually transmitted bacterial infection such as gonorrhea or chlamydia which gains access to the upper pelvic organs. Vaginal dysplasia and cancer start off with the sexually-transmitted hpv (human papilloma virus), which also can cause cervical and vulvar cancers. So these two diseases are caused by different agents indifferent areas. ...Read more

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Can one strain of HPV cause cancer and genital warts?

Can one strain of HPV cause cancer and genital warts?

HPV types: Some HPV types are more commonly associated with warts and others with cancers but this is not an absolute distinction. Warts can go bad and develop into cancers in the genital, anal and oral areas. This is why the vaccines include several virotypes. But even then there are many less common types not included which also cause disease ...Read more

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What're the symptoms of cervical cancer or vaginal cancer?

What're the symptoms of cervical cancer or vaginal cancer?

None, until...: What makes both cervical cancer (common) and vaginal cancer (quite rare) so vicious is that they are asymptomatic until they're quite advanced. This is one of the reasons for a routine health check here. Your physician knows how to do this. Good luck. ...Read more

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Hpv and pregnancy?

Hpv and pregnancy?

Just monitor: Hpv positive should not change the course of pregnancy or delivery. Genital warts may increase during pregnancy, and can be treated. Abnormal pap smears related to hpv can be monitored during the pregnancy. Cervical cancer related to hpv is the exception that would impact the pregnancy. ...Read more

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Does the HPV virus cause anal cancer?

Does the HPV virus cause anal cancer?

It can: Hpv is associated with genital warts and cancers as well as head and neck cancers and linings. This does not mean everyone who has these cancers has hpv also. Therefore hpv is associated with and increases the risk of getting these cancers including anal cancers. Hpv is sexually transmitted and there is a vaccine to help prevent it. ...Read more

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Does oral and oropharyngeal cancers spread HPV and thus are contagious?

Does oral and oropharyngeal cancers spread HPV and thus are contagious?

Ca is not contagious: Cancers are not contagious, the associated infections like hiv, hpv are if present , they are contagious. ...Read more

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Do genital warts increase risk of anal cancer in heterosexual men? If so how much? Is anal cancer rare?

Do genital warts increase risk of anal cancer in heterosexual men? If so how much? Is anal cancer rare?

HPV: Genital warts which are caused by infections by the human papilloma virus are definitely a risk factor for anal cancer. There is often involvement of genitals and anus by that virus. Genital warts can be treated by a dermatologist with either topical medications or by surgical removal. ...Read more

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I'm aware of the connection between sexually transmitted human papillomavirus (HPV) and cervical cancer. Does HPV infection increase cancer risk in men, too?

I'm aware of the connection between sexually transmitted human papillomavirus (HPV) and cervical cancer. Does HPV infection increase cancer risk in men, too?

The short answer is yes, but the specific risks are different for men: Most of the time, HPV infection doesn't cause any signs or symptoms in either sex, although some types of HPV cause genital warts. Typically, the immune system eliminates the virus without treatment within about two years. Until the virus is gone, you can spread it to your sex partners. But certain types of HPV, known as high-risk types, may cause persistent infection, which can gradually turn into cancer. Malignancies that can be caused by HPV include cancers of the vulva, vagina, penis, anus and oropharynx — the back of the mouth and upper part of the throat. Men who have HIV — the virus that causes AIDS — and men who have sex with other men are at particular risk of anal, penile and throat cancers associated with persistent HPV infection. The rate of oropharyngeal cancers has been on the rise recently, especially in men. Men can prevent the types of HPV that cause most genital warts and anal cancer by receiving an HPV vaccine. These were originally approved as a cervical cancer vaccine for girls and young women, and they're now approved by the Food and Drug Administration for the prevention of anal, vulvar and vaginal cancers, too. The vaccines are recommended for males ages 9 to 26. The best time to get the vaccine is before sexual activity begins. Although these vaccines are not yet approved for preventing HPV-related penile and oropharyngeal cancer, recent studies suggest that these vaccines may be effective for preventing these cancers as well. You may also lower your risk of contracting HPV by using a condom every time you have sex. However, condom use isn't considered a substitute for HPV vaccination in those who are eligible for the vaccine. ...Read more

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Will low risk HPV and genital warts affect pregnancy?

Will low risk HPV and genital warts affect pregnancy?

Not typically: The only way hpv affects pregnancy is if the wart is so big it would affect the baby's head/body coming out of the birth canal. This is a very rare situation. Genital warts are common enough that many women have them during pregnancy. You can always talk to your ob/gyn and discuss for his/her opinion as well. Good luck with pregnancy! ...Read more

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How many/what strains of HPV warts cause penile cancer?

How many/what strains of HPV warts cause penile cancer?

Genital warts: The hpv types that cause external visible warts (hpv types 6 and 11) rarely cause cancer. Other hpv types (most often types 16, 18, 31, 33 and 35) are less common in visible warts but are strongly associated with penile and vulvar intra-epithelial neoplasia (pre-cancerous changes) and squamous cell carcinoma (scc) of the genital area especially cervical cancer and less frequently invasive vulvar c. ...Read more

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Does the HPV vaccination in adult men prevent HPV associated oral and laryngeal cancers?

Does the HPV vaccination in adult men prevent HPV associated oral and laryngeal cancers?

Might help: There are at least 2 strains involved in those cancers and any of the available HPV vaccines can help prevent them, if given prior to exposure to those strains.After you acquire HPV from a problem strain, the vaccine cannot cure or remove it from your system. ...Read more

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Does HPV cause cancer? What is the link between the HPV virus and cancer? Can HPV cause cancer?

Does HPV cause cancer? What is the link between the HPV virus and cancer? Can HPV cause cancer?

HPV causes cancer: Human papilloma virus causes cancer of the cervix, vagina, and vulva. Your daughters and nieces should get vaccinated. ...Read more

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Are vulval cancer and vaginal cancer caused by hpv?

Associated: Hpv is associated with genital areas for warts and cancers in men and women which can include inside into the vagina and cervix and anus. Head and neck linings can also be associated with hpv. What I am saying hpv does not always lead to or cause these cancers and these cancers can occur without hpv. Gardasil vaccines can help prevent hpv. ...Read more

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If total hyst but still abnormal pap from bad HPV types, what are chances of vaginal cancer?

Low: Hpv has many types: types 16 and 18 are more biologically significant than 6 and 11. If you have had your cervix removed as part of the hystrectomy, you will not get cervical cancer. If you had dysplasia of the cervix, you can also have dysplasia of the vagina and vulva by the same hpv. A pap smear can be done of the vagina or biopsies of the vulva to exclude these possible sites. ...Read more

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Will getting a HPV vaccine reduce my chances of getting vaginal cancer?

Yes!!!: Yes, at least 50%, or more, of all vaginal cancers are caused by hpv. That is in addition to essentially all cervical cancer, 50% of vulvar cancer, 70% plus of anal cacers, 70% of head and neck cancers and most non-melanoma skin cancers. Plus most abnormal paps and all genital warts. The vaccine works in 99.5% or receipients and is 95+% efficacious against vaginal cancer. ...Read more

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Who gets vaginal cancer?

Risk factors are:: The hpv family of viruses encompasses over 100 different strains responsible for cervical cancer, genital warts and vulvar/vaginal cancer. Risk factors include multiple sexual partners, early age of first intercourse, history of abnormal pap smear, history of rectal cancer or hiv. Also, taking chronic meds like steroids or immune modulating meds for auto-immune diseases can increase the risk. ...Read more

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Can vaginal cancer be cured?

Poor prognosis: Unfortunately, vaginal cancer has a poor prognosis. 80% of vaginal cancers are metastatic (spread) from cancer originating in other organs in the pelvis. If a cancer has already spread, prognosis is usually poor. Overall 5 year survival for vaginal cancer is about 40%. Cancers that are caught early on before they have spread have a better chance of cure. ...Read more

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How is vaginal cancer diagnosed?

How is vaginal cancer diagnosed?

Biopsy: Examination, evaluation by gynecologist may lead to a biopsy of a suspicious lesion. This is the only way to diagnose it. ...Read more

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Is vaginal cancer a common thing?

Is vaginal cancer a common thing?

No: There are generally less than 3000 cases per year in the United States. www.cancer.net is a great resource for more information on vaginal cancer. http://www.cancer.net/cancer-types/vaginal-cancer. ...Read more

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What are the tests for vaginal cancer?

What are the tests for vaginal cancer?

Physical and biopsy: The first step would be physical examination of the suspected lesion. A biopsy of the lesion and examination of the tissue by a pathologist are usually necessary. ...Read more

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What's the prognosis of vaginal cancer?

What's the prognosis of vaginal cancer?

Depends: Like most solid tumors the prognosis for your disease will depend upon the stage of the disease. The lower the stage, the less tumor there is and the more likely a good prognosis. As the stage of disease increases tumor burden increases and the less good the prognosis. Remember though that statistics are based on groups of people and do not necessarily apply to any one individual. ...Read more

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What are the symptoms of vaginal cancer?

Discharge, mass: Pain, ulcer. Vaginal cancers are less common than cervical cancer. The lesions are likely to manifest by producing bloody discharge, mass and/or ulcer in the vagina, depending on the location, pain. Bleeding on intercourse may be an early sign. ...Read more

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What is the prognosis of having vaginal cancer?

Depends: There are many factors which play into prognosis. Staging of the disease is very important. Staging classifies the diseases into stages 0 through IV depending on the extent of the tumor (t), whether the cancer has spread to lymph nodes (n) and whether it has spread to distant sites (m for metastasis). Stage helps to predict prognosis and helps to determine the most appropriate treatment course. ...Read more

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What are the symptoms, if any of vaginal cancer?

What are the symptoms, if any of vaginal cancer?

Pain and bleeding: There will be blood seen that is seen between or at times when not expected from menstruation. Pain is common with sexual activity. With advanced cancer there can be invasion into the bladder or rectum causing changes or bleeding in urine or bowel. Cervix cancer symptoms can be similar. A pelvic exam by your gynecologist with pap smears is the best screening and should be done yearly. ...Read more

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What are some of the risk factors for vaginal cancer?

HPV, smoking etc: Risk factors are similar to those for cervical cancer, i.e., hpv infection, multiple sex partners, early age at first intercourse, smoking, and HIV infection, for more information consult the following site. http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/vaginal-cancer/ds00812. ...Read more

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Is vulval cancer different from vaginal cancer?

Yes: The vulva are the external lips at the opening of the vagina. Vaginal cancer would originate inside the vagina from the vaginal mucosal lining, whereas vulvar cancer would start outside of the vagina. Vulvar cancer could spread to the vagina, just as a vaginal cancer could spread outward to the vulva. With either, early detection and treatment gives the best outcome. ...Read more

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Is vaginal cancer genetic?

Is vaginal cancer genetic?

Mostly due to HPV: Most vaginal cancers are not related to any inherited genetic risk but instead are due to the sexually transmitted human papilloma virus (hpv). The same high-risk types that cause cervical cancer and precancerous changes can have the same effect on the vagina, vulva, and anus. ...Read more

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What are the treatments for vaginal cancer?

Depends on stage: Most all vaginal cancers are of the squamous cell carcinoma type. The treatment thereof depends on the stage (how advanced) of the cancer and the age/overall health of the patient. The nccn website provides guidelines that are updated periodically and are referenced by many oncologists (cancer doctors). A more detailed answer is beyond the scope of this format. ...Read more

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What about screening for vaginal cancer?

What about screening for vaginal cancer?

Pap smear: The pap smear screens for the same changes in the vagina or cervix. When a doctor performs a pap smear for an abnormal pap smear they look in the vagina as well as on the cervix. ...Read more

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If pap test is negative, there is no vaginal cancer?

If pap test is negative, there is no vaginal cancer?

Cannot assume that: The pap smear looks at the cells from the cervix, checking for cervical cancer and for precancerous changes on the cervix. A pap smear does not check the vagina, but the doctor who is doing the pap smear does look at the vagina to check that it looks ok. ...Read more

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What are the possible side effects of treatments for vaginal cancer?

Various...: If you have to undergo chemotherapy +/- radiation therapy, there are various effects from these treatments. Chemotherapy side effects are various and common. There could be some scarring or scar tissue of the bladder/rectum/etc from radiation. From the surgery to remove vaginal cancer, the side effects could include bleeding, infection, also scarring, etc. ...Read more

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Dr. Barry Rosen
4,348 doctors shared insights

Cancer (Definition)

Cancer is a group of diseases that is characterized by uncontrolled cell growth leading to invasion of surrounding tissues that spread to other parts of the body. Cancer can begin anywhere in the body and is usually related to one or more genetic mutations that allow normal cells to become malignant by interfering with internal cellular control mechanisms, such as programmed cell death or by preventing ...Read more


Dr. John Geisler
69 doctors shared insights