Doctor insights on:
How Type 2 Diabetes Affects The Body
Almost all of them: Diabetes commonly affects the eyes and kidney first, causing visual defects and slow kidney damage which can become signficant over 10 years. Damage to nerves can lead to a painful condition in the legs called neuropathy which not only hurts but can lead to ulcers, infections and amputation. Erection problems are common in diabetes and heart attacks and strokes are more common and come younger. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Varies: Type 2 diabetes -- it's increased by age, family history and (70-90%) obesity -- which causes Insulin resistance, necessitating higher Insulin product by your pancreas and eventually exhausts your pancreas' ability to make sufficient insulin. Symptoms are thirst, urination, weight loss, visual blurring, fatigue, etc. See your doctor. ...Read more
It depends.....: It depends on the weight, beta-cell function, and of course, genetics. I have had patients lose a ton of weight and come off Insulin and a lot of diabetic meds. If your pancreas beta cells are still functional (c-peptide ) and continue to make insulin, then losing weight could help. "ressolved" or "cured"? ....There is no cure for dm. Losing weight helps. Go see your doctor and find out. ...Read more
Pathophysiology: Although both type i and type ii diabetes manifest with high blood sugars the basic underpinnings of the two are different. Type i diabetes is caused by an autoimmune destruction of the beta cells which make Insulin in the pancreas. It is not caused by diet or lifestyle choices. Type ii diabetes in children is most often associated with obesity and a family history of type ii diabetes. Children with this disease are very Insulin resistant. Eventually their bodies are unable to keep up with the Insulin demands and the blood sugars rise. ...Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
It can: Diabetes mellitus - type 1 as well as 2 ,both can make you prone for infections of lungs which is otherwise called pneumonia, bronchitis when it affects the breathing tree . Also DM affects blood vessels overall anywhere in the body ,can involve small as well as big vessels -especially arteries ,so can involve the vessels of the lung also. ...Read more
Not dangerous: People get 'ketosis' mixed up with 'keto-acidosis'. Ketosis is the process of burning fat for energy instead of sugar or muscle. This is definitely a GOOD thing for type 2 diabetics. Keto-acidosis is a very dangerous condition that occurs in type 1 diabetics when they are not taking in enough insulin. I have had MANY diabetic 2 patients do with with ketogenic eating plans (sensible) ...Read more
Not quite: Prediabetes means u have high blood sugar, but not yet high enough to be called type ii diabetes. U r headed in that direction though. Eliminate grains and sugar from diet. If on a medication like metformin, be sure to let your doc know about diet changes asap. If on a station drug like lipitor, (atorvastatin) these increase risk for diabetes. Diet is biggest factor. Eat low carb. Avoid soda. ...Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
Can you tell me how metformin differ from glimepiride in terms of functionality in case of type 2 diabetes ?
Different classes: Hi. Metformin is a so-called Insulin sensitizer and makes primarily the liver more responsive to Insulin so glucose is stored instead of released into the blood. It doesn't stimulate Insulin release, and by itself can't cause low blood sugar. Glimepiride stimulates Insulin release from the cells that make it in the pancreas. It raises Insulin levels and can cause low blood sugar. ...Read more
Insulin differences: In type 1 diabetes, your immune system — which normally fights harmful bacteria or viruses — attacks and destroys your insulin-producing cells in the pancreas. In type 2 diabetes, your cells become resistant to the action of insulin, and your pancreas is unable to make enough Insulin to overcome this resistance. ...Read more
With minor hyperinsulinism and related hypoglycemia, how long does the onset of type 2 diabetes normally occur?
Diabetes: Type 1 dm results from the body's failure to produce insulin, and requires the person to inject Insulin or wear an Insulin pump. Type 2 dm results from Insulin resistance, a condition in which cells fail to use Insulin properly, sometimes combined with an absolute Insulin deficiency. This form was previously referred to as non insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (niddm) or "adult-onset diabetes". ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Yes it can: Stress can disturb your sleep, and create too much cortisol in your system. If on top of this you overeat (especially processed junk foods) you can gain weight and become Insulin resistant. This paves the road to type ii diabetes. Best to get a handle on your stresses -- and build resilience with exercise, consistent rest, and healthy eating. ...Read more
Significant effect: A child with type 1 diabetes lacks the ability to make Insulin on their own. Presenting symptoms include poor weight gain, constant hunger, frequent urination and potential dehydration among others. Untreated type 1 diabetes can result in death - fortunately early diagnosis and the institution of Insulin replacement can control the disease and children can have a full and productive life. ...Read more
Yes: Often type 2 diabetes causes no obvious symptoms but sometimes it can present with increased urination, increased thirst and blurry vision. All people who are at risk of type two diabetes, (overweight, family history, history of diabetes in pregnancy etc) should be checked periodically for type 2 diabetes. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
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