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Doctor insights on: How To Remember The Difference Between Mitral Stenosis And Isufficiency

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Difference between the characteristics of mitral stenosis and mitral regurgitaion ?

Difference between the characteristics of mitral stenosis and mitral regurgitaion ?

Blocked vs Leaking: Stenosis means the valve does not open enough and restricts the flow of blood thru the valve. Regugitation means the valve leaks when closed and allows blood to flow in reverese. Both cause the hear to have to work harder. Mitral regurge is much more common than stenosis in industrialized nations because antibiotics used to treat strep infections have reduced rheumatic fever rates. ...Read more

Dr. Robert Binford
79 doctors shared insights

Mitral Stenosis (Definition)

Mitral stenosis is a valvular heart disease which narrows the opening of the mitral valve. This decrease the flow of blood flow from the left atrium to the left ...Read more


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What is the difference between mitral regurgitation and mitral stenosis?

What is the difference between mitral regurgitation and mitral stenosis?

Blockage vs leaking: In stenosis the valve opening is to small which interferes with forward flow. Regurgitation is a leaking of the blood backwards. Not uncommonly both occur in the same patient. ...Read more

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What can I do to treat mitral stenosis?

What can I do to treat mitral stenosis?

Depends: Depends on severity as per cutaneous (valvuloplasty) or surgery (usually replacement) are reserved for symptomatic & advanced cases that no longer respond to medications which is first line option. If intervention is required than echocardiography is used to determine if surgery or balloon valvuloplasty is best option. Talk to your cardiologist. ...Read more

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Are there any drugs that can help mitral stenosis?

More below: Yes. Diuretics and beta blockers however mitral stenosis will lead to death if the valve area is less than 1 cm2 and it remains untreated (surgically). ...Read more

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Why there is no pain associated with mitral stenosis?

Mitral Stenosis: For starters, there are no specific pain fibers in the heart. When the valve is stenotic (narrowed) it impedes flow between the left atrium and ventricle. This causes enlargement of the left atrium and elevation of pressure in that chamber and pulmonary circulation. The symptom is then not pain but shortness of breath. ...Read more

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What to do if I have mitral stenosis. is it getting worse?

What to do if I have mitral stenosis. is it getting worse?

Depends: mitral stenosis as it progresses causes the Left atrium to enlarge and can cause a-Fib . This can lead to increased pulmonary pressures which can lead to right heart failure. So there is a drop in cardiac out put from deceased pre-load and severe pulmonary hypertension leading to edema,ascites ,etc. The drs can do a surface echo,TEE,right and left heart cath to evaluate and time the surgery. ...Read more

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Is there a cure for mitral stenosis?

Not exactly: There are several treatment options but no medicine can open the valve. These treatments can reduce the blockage but the falve is still abnormal or replaced with an artificial valve. Sometime a ballon can be inserted thru the valve to stretch it open and improve flow. Rarely can the valve be repaired (unlike a leaking valve which is usually repaired). It can be replaced with an artificial valve. ...Read more

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Is mitral stenosis fatal? Can it be cured?

See below: Ms(mitral stenosis) is not fatal if treated appropriately. Once diagnosed, close follow up necessary. If the patient develops symptoms such as shortness of breath, afib, pulmonary hypertension, chf, ...Or a mean gradients> 10, mitral valve area <1. For best results, surgical replacement is required. Balloon valvuloplasty is possible but not all patients are candidates. ...Read more

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Why do malar flushes occur in mitral stenosis?

Malar flush: from the Merck manual: The classic facial appearance in MS, a plum-colored malar flush, occurs only when cardiac output is low and pulmonary hypertension is severe; cause is cutaneous vasodilation and chronic hypoxemia. ...Read more

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What is the life expectancy of mitral stenosis?

Variable: Mitral stenosis can cause disabling heart failure in the 40s or lesser symptoms later in life. The disease is becoming quite uncommon in United States and is more often seen in patients born overseas. In cases detected early, and the valve is repaired or replaced, the life expectancy should be the same as a healthy patient of the same age. ...Read more

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What would life expectancy be if mitral stenosis?

What would life expectancy be if mitral stenosis?

Variable: Severe = short mild = normal the devil is in the details. (it's treatable so people don't die of MS like they used to). ...Read more

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When does mitral stenosis become a problem for a patient?

Severe blockage: In mitral stenosis , the opening of the mitral valve is too small. If it gets small enough, then the patient can begin to have symptoms such as shortness of breath and fatigue. So it depends on how severe the blockage is. ...Read more

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What valve narrowing results in mitral stenosis?

What valve narrowing results in mitral stenosis?

Mitral Valve: The mitral keeps oxygenated blood flowing in one direction from the left atrium to the left ventricle. ...Read more

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How are tight mitral stenosis & severe mitral stenosis different?

How are tight mitral stenosis & severe mitral stenosis different?

Unsure: "tight" mitral stenosis is not an official medical term. Severe mitral stenosis, as one could imagine is a higher degree of obstruction at the valve with greater consequences on blood flow (cardiac output) and greater consequences on the lungs (buildup of fluid in the lungs.). ...Read more

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Are mitral regurgitation and mitral stenosis the same?

Are mitral regurgitation and mitral stenosis the same?

No: Regurgitation is when the valves dont close properly and blood back flows stenosis is when the opening is narrowed making the outflow reduced. ...Read more

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Is mitral regurgitation the same thing as?Mitral stenosis?

Is mitral regurgitation the same thing as?Mitral stenosis?

Not exactly: Mitral regurgitation (mitral valve regurgitation, mitral incompetence, mitral insufficiency) is leakage of blood backward through the mitral valve each time the left ventricle contracts. ...Read more

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What does the doctor listen for to hear my mitral stenosis?

What does the doctor listen for to hear my mitral stenosis?

Mitral valve: Auscultation with stethoscope reveals a murmur sound specific to mortal valve ...Read more

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What is mitral stenosis?

Narrowing : Mitral stenosis is a narrowing of the valve that controls the flow of blood from the left atrium to the left ventricle of the heart. This can have many causes and, depending upon the severity of the stenosis, may or may not cause symptoms. This must be followed, because the degree of stenosis can increase over time and require replacement. ...Read more

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Stricture (Definition)

A stricture is an anatomic narrowing of any structure in the body with a lumen. Depending on the organ, the underlying causes can be traumatic, ...Read more


Dr. Erik Borncamp
1 doctor shared a insight

Stenosis (Definition)

Constriction or narrowing of something - duct, artery, passage way such as the outlet of the stomach into the small ...Read more