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Doctor insights on: How To Remember The Difference Between Mitral Stenosis And Isufficiency

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Difference between the characteristics of mitral stenosis and mitral regurgitaion ?

Difference between the characteristics of mitral stenosis and mitral regurgitaion ?

Blocked vs Leaking: Stenosis means the valve does not open enough and restricts the flow of blood thru the valve. Regugitation means the valve leaks when closed and allows blood to flow in reverese. Both cause the hear to have to work harder. Mitral regurge is much more common than stenosis in industrialized nations because antibiotics used to treat strep infections have reduced rheumatic fever rates. ...Read more

Dr. Robert Binford
77 doctors shared insights

Mitral Stenosis (Definition)

Mitral stenosis is a narrowing and stiffening of the heart valve separating the top and bottom chambers of the left side of the heart. This narrowing makes it more difficult for blood from the top chamber of the heart to flow to the bottom chamber. Many cases of mitral stenosis are caused by a prior ...Read more


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What is the difference between mitral regurgitation and mitral stenosis?

What is the difference between mitral regurgitation and mitral stenosis?

Blockage vs leaking: In stenosis the valve opening is to small which interferes with forward flow. Regurgitation is a leaking of the blood backwards. Not uncommonly both occur in the same patient. ...Read more

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What can I do to treat mitral stenosis?

What can I do to treat mitral stenosis?

Depends: Depends on severity as per cutaneous (valvuloplasty) or surgery (usually replacement) are reserved for symptomatic & advanced cases that no longer respond to medications which is first line option. If intervention is required than echocardiography is used to determine if surgery or balloon valvuloplasty is best option. Talk to your cardiologist. ...Read more

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Are there any drugs that can help mitral stenosis?

Are there any drugs that can help mitral stenosis?

Yes: There are medications which can help in managing mitral stenosis. They include diuretics and blood pressure medicines and rhythm control medicines. There is a report which shows statins may slow the disease in those pts with rheumatic heart disease of the aortic valve. Unfortunately the natural course if for it to worsen and many times you will need more aggressive treatment. ...Read more

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Why there is no pain associated with mitral stenosis?

Mitral Stenosis: For starters, there are no specific pain fibers in the heart. When the valve is stenotic (narrowed) it impedes flow between the left atrium and ventricle. This causes enlargement of the left atrium and elevation of pressure in that chamber and pulmonary circulation. The symptom is then not pain but shortness of breath. ...Read more

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What to do if I have mitral stenosis. is it getting worse?

What to do if I have mitral stenosis. is it getting worse?

Depends: mitral stenosis as it progresses causes the Left atrium to enlarge and can cause a-Fib . This can lead to increased pulmonary pressures which can lead to right heart failure. So there is a drop in cardiac out put from deceased pre-load and severe pulmonary hypertension leading to edema,ascites ,etc. The drs can do a surface echo,TEE,right and left heart cath to evaluate and time the surgery. ...Read more

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Is there a cure for mitral stenosis?

Not exactly: There are several treatment options but no medicine can open the valve. These treatments can reduce the blockage but the falve is still abnormal or replaced with an artificial valve. Sometime a ballon can be inserted thru the valve to stretch it open and improve flow. Rarely can the valve be repaired (unlike a leaking valve which is usually repaired). It can be replaced with an artificial valve. ...Read more

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Is mitral stenosis fatal? Can it be cured?

See below: Ms(mitral stenosis) is not fatal if treated appropriately. Once diagnosed, close follow up necessary. If the patient develops symptoms such as shortness of breath, afib, pulmonary hypertension, chf, ...Or a mean gradients> 10, mitral valve area <1. For best results, surgical replacement is required. Balloon valvuloplasty is possible but not all patients are candidates. ...Read more

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Why do malar flushes occur in mitral stenosis?

Malar flush: from the Merck manual: The classic facial appearance in MS, a plum-colored malar flush, occurs only when cardiac output is low and pulmonary hypertension is severe; cause is cutaneous vasodilation and chronic hypoxemia. ...Read more

Stricture (Definition)

A stricture is an anatomic narrowing of any structure in the body with a lumen. Depending on the organ, the underlying causes can be traumatic, ...Read more


Dr. Sandra Lora Cremers
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Stenosis (Definition)

Constriction or narrowing of something - duct, artery, passage way such as the outlet of the stomach into the small ...Read more