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How To Remember The Difference Between Mitral Stenosis And Isufficiency
Blocked vs Leaking: Stenosis means the valve does not open enough and restricts the flow of blood thru the valve. Regugitation means the valve leaks when closed and allows blood to flow in reverese. Both cause the hear to have to work harder. Mitral regurge is much more common than stenosis in industrialized nations because antibiotics used to treat strep infections have reduced rheumatic fever rates. ...Read more
Depends: Depends on severity as per cutaneous (valvuloplasty) or surgery (usually replacement) are reserved for symptomatic & advanced cases that no longer respond to medications which is first line option. If intervention is required than echocardiography is used to determine if surgery or balloon valvuloplasty is best option. Talk to your cardiologist. ...Read more
Mitral Stenosis: For starters, there are no specific pain fibers in the heart. When the valve is stenotic (narrowed) it impedes flow between the left atrium and ventricle. This causes enlargement of the left atrium and elevation of pressure in that chamber and pulmonary circulation. The symptom is then not pain but shortness of breath. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Depends: mitral stenosis as it progresses causes the Left atrium to enlarge and can cause a-Fib . This can lead to increased pulmonary pressures which can lead to right heart failure. So there is a drop in cardiac out put from deceased pre-load and severe pulmonary hypertension leading to edema,ascites ,etc. The drs can do a surface echo,TEE,right and left heart cath to evaluate and time the surgery. ...Read more
Not exactly: There are several treatment options but no medicine can open the valve. These treatments can reduce the blockage but the falve is still abnormal or replaced with an artificial valve. Sometime a ballon can be inserted thru the valve to stretch it open and improve flow. Rarely can the valve be repaired (unlike a leaking valve which is usually repaired). It can be replaced with an artificial valve. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
See below: Ms(mitral stenosis) is not fatal if treated appropriately. Once diagnosed, close follow up necessary. If the patient develops symptoms such as shortness of breath, afib, pulmonary hypertension, chf, ...Or a mean gradients> 10, mitral valve area <1. For best results, surgical replacement is required. Balloon valvuloplasty is possible but not all patients are candidates. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Variable: Mitral stenosis can cause disabling heart failure in the 40s or lesser symptoms later in life. The disease is becoming quite uncommon in United States and is more often seen in patients born overseas. In cases detected early, and the valve is repaired or replaced, the life expectancy should be the same as a healthy patient of the same age. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Narrowing : Mitral stenosis is a narrowing of the valve that controls the flow of blood from the left atrium to the left ventricle of the heart. This can have many causes and, depending upon the severity of the stenosis, may or may not cause symptoms. This must be followed, because the degree of stenosis can increase over time and require replacement. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
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