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Doctor insights on: How To Raise A Visually Blind Child

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How much does a person have to be visually impaired to be considered legally blind?

How much does a person have to be visually impaired to be considered legally blind?

Legally blind: Anyone with vision worse than 20/200 without ability to be improved by corrective lense, is considered legally blind. ...Read more

Dr. Todd Goldblum
5 doctors shared insights
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How does a parent know when to get their child glasses?

How does a parent know when to get their child glasses?

Screening: Most regular screenings rely on emerging communication skills & include recognition of figures on charts at a distance. This is realistic about 3-4 yrs.Although kids may not grasp the concept until later. Vision can be assessed earlier by skilled personnel using special equipment. Early on, one eye stronger than another may lead to problems. Your pediatrician is watching for this starting at birth. ...Read more

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How old does a child have to be in order to have cleft lip and palate corrective surgery? I'm hoping that the answer is sooner rather than later, given how this appearance will affect how a child is perceived by their peers.

How old does a child have to be in order to have cleft lip and palate corrective surgery? I'm hoping that the answer is sooner rather than later, given how this appearance will affect how a child is perceived by their peers.

Cleft : Cleft lip and/or palate is one of the most common birth defects in america, affecting about 1 in 800 children. This condition is characterized by a minor or significant separation of the upper lip and/or roof of the mouth. The surgery performed to correct this condition is called a palatoplasty. Most plastic surgeons recommend a palatoplast be performed between 6 months to 18 months and the decision to perform this surgery is based on the extent of the birth defect, the child's age, speech development, facial growth and risk. While many parents wish for the surgery to occur earlier, most sugeries occur around 10-12 months of age. This age is ideal due to healing times at this age. Also, the area around the affected facial are hasn't had much time to grow, which can help speed up the recovery time. Children at this age may also not recall the surgery later in life. At this age, speech development is still in its infancy. It has been found that children who undergo this procedure after the age of three are prone to having speech development issues. There is always risk involved with any surgery. Work with your doctor to determine the best path for your child and his/her surgery to determine best timing for this procedure. ...Read more

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How is it possible to live and learn normally as person born deaf and blind?

How is it possible to live and learn normally as person born deaf and blind?

Not normal: The deaf and blind (remember helen keller) can learn to communicate by touch and braile. It is intensive training but can work. This allows for productive functioning although i would not exactly describe it as "normal". ...Read more

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If an optometrist finds a vision impairment must they add it to your chart?

If an optometrist finds a vision impairment must they add it to your chart?

A requirement: Good physician practice is to place an account of all abnormal findings as well and pertinent negatives on the patients record. This is helpful for monitoring and follow up. It sounds as if you are worried that someone may be looking over his shoulder - perhaps you do not want to get that examination? ...Read more

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How difficult is it to raise an autistic child?

How difficult is it to raise an autistic child?

Varies - Support Key: Severly autistic children can introduce high levels of stress into a home. It is extremely important that parents or other responsible adults seek out avenues of support and help in the community. Stress tends to increase in situations of isolation, so get whatever support you can to help in the situation. ...Read more

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If a person with a lazy eye donates his eye, will it stay lazy in the new person too?

If a person with a lazy eye donates his eye, will it stay lazy in the new person too?

No: Can't do full eye donation yet. Lazy eye relates to the brain input/connection to the eye, so the corneal can be transplanted without lazy eye issues. ...Read more

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Can you tell me if one eye has blurry vision, does that impact depth perception at all, or does one eye have to be totally blind to reduce depth perception?

Can you tell me if one eye has blurry vision, does that impact depth perception at all, or does one eye have to be totally blind to reduce depth perception?

Usually not: I knew a one eye'd tae kwon do master who could throw a punch at your face and stop within a milimeter of hitting you. There are enough visual 'clues' that we use that even with one eye our brain can percieve a depth perception. You'd fail our stereoscopic tests and probably waste money in 3d movies, but other than that you would have a normal life. ...Read more

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How does the world appear to a person who has strabismus?

How does the world appear to a person who has strabismus?

Depends: If the strabismus is in childhood, then usually the vision in one eye is supressed and everything looks normal to this child. Measurement will show the reduced vision in one eye which prevents doubling. If the strabismus is acquired in an adult, then the world is doubled and treatment is mandatory for proper functioning. Discuss this will your ophthalmologist. ...Read more

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My child has a brain tumor. How might this affect his ability to return to school?

My child has a brain tumor. How might this affect his ability to return to school?

Depends on the type: There are dozens of different types of brain tumors, including benign and malignant types. If it is benign, and can be removed easily, then they are able to return to school without any problem, but it may take several weeks to months. If it is malignant, then the treatment is more intensive, and he may be delayed in returning to school. ...Read more

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How difficult is med school ? How many years to be able to practice? If your a little above average intelligence can you make it through?

How difficult is med school ? How many years to be able to practice? If your a little above average intelligence can you make it through?

Varies: It's hard work, lots of material to learn. It's 4 yrs of college, 4 yrs of med school then residency. Residency varies by specialty (3 for med and peds, 5 for gen surgery, etc etc). Most people who get in will make it through, by then you've shown that you can do the work, have the discipline, etc. ...Read more

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How can you tell if a 3 year-old child has a learning problem?

How can you tell if a 3 year-old child has a learning problem?

Hard to predict: While some would suggest a kid may have ld issues if they are speech / language delayed at 3, many areas of learning are not "testable" ntil the kid is older. Just like you can't know if a 3 day old will walk at a normal time, u can't get at spelling, coding, short or long term memory, math or other areas until the kid is old enough to test in those areas. ...Read more

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Is it possible for a person with strabismus (cross eyed people) to see clearly?

Is it possible for a person with strabismus (cross eyed people) to see clearly?

Yes: Longstanding strabismus is usually compensated for by the brain which pays attention to only one eye at a time. Recent onset of strabismus should be elevated urgently by an ophthalmologist or neurologist. ...Read more

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How can I motivate my child to become a computer scientist?

Why: Is this what your child wants to do, or what you want your child to do. You should encourage your child to explore different activities and encourage those that are liked. You should never impose your wishes on your child for any certain career activity. ...Read more

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If a child is born premature, will that child develop learning disabilities? What causes a child to be a slow learner and how to be a fast learner?

If a child is born premature, will that child develop learning disabilities? What causes a child to be a slow learner and how to be a fast learner?

Different outcomes: I know some very smart kids who were very premature and some very dumb kids who were term. There's more to it than just those things. Certainly, the more premature, the more at risk for learning problems, but it doesn't mandate the child will have problems. Also, the earlier you intervene with lots of interactive, 1:1 learning activities, reading to child and interactive play, more child learns! ...Read more

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Can you tell me what you suggest if a child at the age of 11 gets sent to a mental institution, will he/she be able to go to college?

Can you tell me what you suggest if a child at the age of 11 gets sent to a mental institution, will he/she be able to go to college?

Depends.: That depends on his behavior and mental stability. Just because he is sent to a mental hospital doesn't mean that he has to stop studying. In fact long term treatment in child and adolescent facilities include continuous education at the level the child was before he was admitted. ...Read more

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How does touch help a child to develop appropriately?

How does touch help a child to develop appropriately?

Stimulation: Humans crave human contact. Touching and hugs helps stimulate certain brain chemicals that encourage positive growth and development. Studies have shown orphaned children who received limited touch/cuddling often develop defects in their development. Hug your child everyday! http://www.livestrong.com/article/508221-the-influence-of-touch-on-child-development/ ...Read more

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If someone is color blind, will they be able to see certain eye colours?

If someone is color blind, will they be able to see certain eye colours?

Many: Most color defiencies have a confusion spectrum between certain colors (for instance reds and greens), but can see other colors close to normal. So they have a limited palette compared to color normal, but certainly can recognize certain colors. That would also include recognizing the various colors of others' eyes. ...Read more

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