Doctor insights on:
How To Prevent Streptococcal Infectious Disease
Live well: The best thing to do to avoid disease is to live sensibly -- that means 'no bad habits' - like smoking, alcohol etc. Exercising at least 5x week. Eating well - avoiding all the fast-foods, 'junk' out there. Sleeping 8 hrs a night. Keeping stress levels to the minimum. AND checking in with your doc periodically for routine health care incl. vaccinations etc. Give your primary doc a call & take care ...Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
Vaccine, wash, clean: Hep a: fecal-oral transmission: bad food, drink, sanitation. Can get vaccinated. Wash, cook. Hep b: shared blood products, less often sex. Can get vaccinated. Avoid IV drug use, nasal drug use, high risk sex. If from endemic region (far east, middle east, africa) or parents from endemic region-get tested. Hep c: no vaccine. Most from IV drug use, transfusion before 1993, less from sex exposure. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Can you tell me how have humans evolved to develop strategies (systems,etc.) that protect against infectious disease?
Highly sophisticated: Thankfully the way God made us -we have immune systems that operate on multiple levels. We can trace back these systems to the earliest life forms -fever, in itself, is one of the most primitive defenses. Just by 'turning up the heat' it makes it harder for germs to survive within us. Then there are systems in the blood (complement), specialized cells - B cells/T cells, specialized organs. Amazing ...Read more
See below: We take a history and do a physical exam. We order blood antibody and antigen and pcr molecular tests. We order x-rays, ct scans and nuclear medicine scans. We do bacterial, fungal, viral, o&p and AFB stains and/or cultures of blood, urine, other normally sterile body fluids and stool. Then we use our knowledge and experience to determine what is significant and what is not and make a diagnosis. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
The Immune system: Fights the initial infection (skin or throat) by making antibodies to parts of the bacteria. After the infection is fought off, a combination of the antibodies and the bacterial components left over form a new complex that is toxic to the part of the kidney that filters them. Only certain strains of streptococcus will cause psgn. ...Read more
#1 option: Wash hands adequately and frequently.Get a more detailed answer ›
Education: Different measures are indicated according to the type and degree of immunodeficiency. All immunodeficient patients should avoid contact with obviously sick individuals. Washing hands and avoiding crowded environments. Antibiotic in prophylaxis doses are a common indication for some conditions. Antibody replacemtns is indicated for those with proven antibody deficiency. ...Read more
Pyelonephritis: This can occur by extension of infection from another site through the bloodstream, from an adjacent area of infection, or by ascending infection from lower urinary tract infection. Strep is an unusual cause of pyelonephritis, and as mentioned previously it would help to know which species of strep you have. Prevention may depend upon this knowledge. ...Read more
See below: Vaccination of feed animals. Limit use of antibiotics as growth promoters. Improve food safty practices. Do not eat raw or undercooked eggs or meats. Food handler hygene. Maintain time-temperature standards for food handling/preparation/storage. Ban unpasturized dairy products. There is a typhoid vaccine for travelers to typhoid endemic areas. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Dumb luck: To date, nobody has identified any risk factor from lifestyle. HIV patients are at somewhat greater risk if they're uncontrolled. Some say having recent infectious mono increases risk. I don't believe the claims about Agent Orange; it's possible that acromegalics and growth hormone abusers may have increased risk. ...Read more
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