Doctor insights on:
How To Fix A Collapsed Lung
How to fix a collapsed lung in the middle of nowhere? If in a town there is only one doctor and he does not have the fancy equipment how and what can he use to save the person with the collapsed lung?
If: If I were in a location where someone had a collapsed lung, at the very least, betadine, if available, and an 18g angiocath needle would suffice to emergently release air from the pleural space and allow the collapsed lung to reexpand. This is of course merely a temporary maneuver, depending on the size of the injury to the lung. I would only try this maneuver if I had the proper skills and education as to the location of the lung, major blood vessels and after weighing the risks and benefits. But, in the case of do or die, a needle placed in the lateral midaxillary line or two fingers width "south" in relation to the clavicle, should adequately allow a needle to be safely inserted into the pleural space. (hopefully, too, one has a stethoscope to ensure the correct side is treated!).See 1 more doctor answer
Deoxygenated blood enters the lungs from the right side of the heart and travels to the lungs. When you inspire, oxygen flows into the lungs, transverses the capilliares and attaches to hemoglobin down a gradient. At the same time, co2 diffuses into the capilaries and is expelled with exhalation. Oxygen rich blood then flows to the left side of the heart and into the ...Read more
Great Question: And I have a better answer: unlike the american bison, most mammals have two separate pleural or lung cavities. If one lung collapses, the problem does not usually affect the other side. This is why bison were easy to hunt. If you hit one side of the chest, both lungs could collapse. The picture shows human anatomy, wish I could also post a bison picture as they are majestic creatures.
Can one have small collapsed lung with few symptoms. Could this spontaneous collapse be deadly? Some studies say that progression to tension is rare.
Patience: Chest tube drainage/evacuation will often resolve pressure imbalance instantly. The hole in the lung from trauma or spontaneous collapse can potentially seal in just a few days (like a scab). The lung tissue takes longer to fully heal, depending on type of injury. If from trauma, associated chest wall injury (rib fractures, etc...) as well as chest tube site may take weeks to months to heal.See 3 more doctor answers
Bad: Pneumothorax, hemothorax, chylothorax, hydropneumothorax and atelectasis all emcompass conditions where a lung is "collapsed." in atelectasis, the lung is not aerated because alveoli are not expanded. This is usually an issue internal to the airways. The rmainder are due to something outside the actual lung parenchyma - compressing the lung. All are bad, so talk to your doc.See 1 more doctor answer
Multiple: External and internal. External causes are trauma, diagnostic procedures, etc. Internal factors deal with an increase in pressure in the lung, causing rupture of a pre- existing issue (pulmonary bleb). Pressure increases can be a cough, sneeze, or being on a ventilator. Air leaves the lung or enters the chest through a defect, causing collapse of the lung.
Tension pneumothorax: You can die from collapsed lung, as it progresses quickly to a tension pneumothorax. Eventually, the pressure will collapse your other lung and vessels. Untreated, death will occur. First responders, emt and trauma providers are trained to recognize and release the pressure associated with a collapsed lung, to prevent tension pneumothorax.See 1 more doctor answer
Negative pressure: You can die from collapsed lung, as it progresses quickly to a tension pneumothorax. First responders, emt and trauma providers are trained to recognize and release the pressure associated with a collapsed lung, to prevent tension pneumothorax. A chest tube is inserted into the space between your lung and chest wall. The tube is put to negative pressure, so lung can re-expand.
Maybe not: Estimated at least 10% spontaneous pneumothorax are asymptomatic. Symptoms if present may include shortness of breath, cough, and/or chest pain. The first line of diagnosis for large pneumothorax is a good history and physical examination (stethoscope). Most smaller pneumothoraces can be diagnosed with good 2 view chest x-ray series. Occasionally, a ct-scan may be necessary.See 1 more doctor answer
Breathing pain: Though mechanisms of injury play a role here, both traumatic and spontaneous pneumothorax (collapsed lung) will lead to shortness of breath and chest pain. If left untreated, some may lead to tension pneumothorax which may be deadly. If you see the patient turning pale and taking shallow, frequent, gasping breaths - there is not a minute to waste.
Chest tube: Typically, the first line of treatment for a collapsed lung is to insert a chest tube, which is a tube that is placed between the ribs and outside of the lung, in order to allow the lung to re-expand. If the lung is only partially collapsed, sometimes this is not necessary. Occasionally, surgery will be required to treat the problem.
Yes: A healthy normal person with no particular risk factors, can get a spontaneous pneumothorax (collapsed lung). If the amount of air that leaked out was small, and the leak had sealed itself off, the doctor may decide to observe the patient and let the leaked air get reabsorbed by the body.See 1 more doctor answer
Lung collapse: A collapsed lung can be spontaneous and associated with a variety of diseases (emphysema for example or alpha-1- antitrypsin deficiency) or traumatic. Various conditions can result in which if untreated the lung may remain collapsed or produce a tension pneumothorax demanding emergent treatment.See 2 more doctor answers
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