Doctor insights on:
How To Fix A Collapsed Lung
How to fix a collapsed lung in the middle of nowhere? If in a town there is only one doctor and he does not have the fancy equipment how and what can he use to save the person with the collapsed lung?
If : If i were in a location where someone had a collapsed lung, at the very least, betadine, if available, and an 18g angiocath needle would suffice to emergently release air from the pleural space and allow the collapsed lung to reexpand. This is of course merely a temporary maneuver, depending on the size of the injury to the lung. I would only try this maneuver if i had the proper skills and education as to the location of the lung, major blood vessels and after weighing the risks and benefits. But, in the case of do or die, a needle placed in the lateral midaxillary line or two fingers width "south" in relation to the clavicle, should adequately allow a needle to be safely inserted into the pleural space. (hopefully, too, one has a stethoscope to ensure the correct side is treated!). ...Read moreGet help from a doctor now ›
Atelectasis (from greek: ἀτελής, "incomplete" + ἔκτασις, "extension") is defined as the collapse or closure of the lung resulting in reduced or absent gas exchange. It may affect part or all of one lung. It is a condition where the alveoli are deflated, as distinct from pulmonary consolidation. It is a very common finding in chest xrays which needs to be interpreted in the ...Read more
Size: Smaller collapse often heals. Larger may need drainage. The hole in the lung from trauma or spontaneous collapse can potentially seal in just a few days (like a scab). The lung tissue takes longer to fully heal, depending on type of injury. If from trauma, associated chest wall injury (rib fractures, etc...) as well as chest tube site may take weeks to months to heal. ...Read moreGet help from a doctor now ›
Yes: If the pneumothorax creates enough pressure, it can compress the right side of the heart. This decreases the blood return to the heart. Without adequate blood return, your heart does not have enough blood to pump out to your body. This can be rapidly fatal. ...Read moreGet help from a doctor now ›
Don't smoke: Non-trauma, spontaneous pneumothorax (sp) occur as a result of an abnormality in the lung tissue. Risk factors for primary and secondary sps include: smoking (including marijuana), tall thin stature in otherwise healthy, connective tissue disorders, pregnancy, familial history. Sps are associated with 20-40% recurrence rate (depending type). ...Read moreGet help from a doctor now ›
Blebs: Non-trauma, spontaneous pneumothorax occur as a result of an abnormality in the lung tissue. Risk factors for primary and secondary spontaneous pneumothorax (sp) include: smoking (including marijuana), tall thin stature in otherwise healthy, connective tissue disorders, pregnancy, familial history. In short, if you are healthy, non-smoker, you may just have abnormality in your lungs (blebs). ...Read moreGet help from a doctor now ›
What causes a collapsed lung? Can this just happen out of the blue or are there specific behaviors or conditions that cause this?
A : A collapsed lung - also referred to as a pneumothorax in the medical literature - arises when the outer surface of the lung develops a "puncture" causing the lung to deflate. A pneumothorax can develop in certain medical conditions where the lungs are diseased and prone to developing a "puncture" --e.g. Asthma, cystic fibrosis, and emphysema and is more common in smokers. Sometimes a pneumothorax arises when there is no apparent underlying lung disease. This is referred to as a primary spontaneous pneumothorax and is typically seen in young, thin men. Sometimes having a family history of a collapsed lung can suggest a cause, and there are some rare inherited diseases such as marfan's syndrome in which a collapsed lung can occur out of the blue. Stopping smoking is the only specific behavior that will significantly reduce your chance of developing a collapsed lung. ...Read moreGet help from a doctor now ›
Deoxygenated blood enters the lungs from the right side of the heart and travels to the lungs. When you inspire, oxygen flows into the lungs, transverses the capilliares and attaches to hemoglobin down a gradient. At the same time, co2 diffuses into the capilaries and is expelled with exhalation. Oxygen rich blood then flows to the left side of the heart and into the ...Read more
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