Doctor insights on:
How To Diagnose Metastasis Ovarian Cancer
Cancer is a group of diseases that is characterized by uncontrolled cell growth leading to invasion of surrounding tissues that spread to other parts of the body. Cancer can begin anywhere in the body and is usually related to one or more genetic mutations that allow normal cells to become malignant by interfering with internal cellular control mechanisms, such as programmed cell death or by preventing ...Read more
Surgery is Key: The best option for cure is surgery. About 20% of patients with pancreatic cancer are candidates for surgery. The surgery is pancreaticoduodenectomy, also called a Whipple procedure. It usually involves removing. 1. The head of the pancreas 2. A part of the duodenum 3. A of a portion of the common bile duct 4. The gall bladder 5. In many instances a portion of the stomach ...Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
It's not: There are many treatments for metastatic breast cancer which can control it for years. Although it can be treated, it is rarely cured. That is because cancer cells are constantly mutating, so treatments lose effectiveness. Metastatic breast cancer requires constant treatment with either hormone therapy, chemotherapy, or biologic therapy. Treatments are changed as they lose effectiveness. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Tissue examination: Symptoms of ovarian cancer are vague and physical examination may reveal a mass. There are many causes of a mass in the ovary and once a diagnosis is suspected, it requires removal of tissue and examination by a pathologist for definitive diagnosis. See this site for more info http://www.Cancer.Org/cancer/ovariancancer/detailedguide/ovarian-cancer-diagnosis. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Different results: Metastasis arises from primary, the former being clonal and the primary, polyclonal. What spreads to a site such as liver or lung can only grow within that parenchyma and never spread elsewhere. The primary has multiple clones each only capable of spreading to a local site and growing there. Thus primary should always be removed and met focal disease treated later for best survival. ...Read more
Related to spread: Metastatic refers to a cancer that has spread from the original site that it originated from to a more distant site in the body. For example, if a woman had ovarian cancer and it spread to the lungs then this would be consider metastatic disease. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Stages I - IV.: Stage i ovarian cancer means the cancer is only located in the ovaries. Stage ii is when the cancer has spread to other organs in the pelvis, such as the uterus. Stage iii occurs when the cancer spreads beyond the pelvis to other abdominal organs and lymph nodes. Stage iv, the most advanced stage, means the cancer has spread (metastasized) to distant organs like the lungs or liver. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
It can and it does: Progress of cancer means the cancer is getting worse. This is not uncommon as the cancers tend to spead further in the body and tumors get larger in size especially when the treatment is not working. Cancer is either regressing(with good treatment) or progressing(without treatment or with the ineffective treatment). ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Can be helped: A radical resection of the omentum essentially removing the entire cake of tumor is performed eliminating vasucular permeability factor that leads to ascites. All peritoneal nodules are resected to smaller than 1 cm. and patient then placed on chemotherapy. Occassionally hyperthermic peritoneal chemotherapy lavage employed. Often patients may be cured if not helped in terms of survival. ...Read more
Ovarian cancer test: The best initial test for someone with symptoms of ovarian cancer (bloating, gastrointestinal changes, abdominal pain, urinary symptoms) is a transvaginal pelvic ultrasound. This test can alert the doctor to the possibility of ovarian cancer. However, the only definitive way to make a diagnosis is with surgery. There is no effective screening test yet for women without symptoms. ...Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
Not really: A cancer that begins in the liver is usually related to hepatitis c or b, or other forms of liver injury. The ultrasound, ct scan and MRI are usually very good. There also is a blood test called an Alpha feto protein that is very helpful. The tricky part is to find it early so that it canc be treated. Many people with liver injury are screened with a blood test and ultrasound or ct scan. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Bad biology: Some metastatic cancer does respond well (eg, testicular cancer), but in general when a cancer has spread beyond the confines of its organ (eg, breast, liver) of origin it is demonstrating bad biologic behavior. That is, it appears to be able to spread distantly and "live" away from it's local primary/original tumor environment. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Biopsy sometimes: Patients with pancreatic masses, elevated ca19-9 levels, and clinical features of cancer can fairly reliably be clinically diagnosed with pancreatic cancer. Biopsy should only be performed when the tumor is unresectable, metastasized, or if neoadjuvant (before surgery) chemo/radiation is being offered. Surgical resection should proceed to provide definitive pathology; needle biopsy often misses. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
A cancer begins in an organ (say the breast). If it gets into the blood stream or the lymphatic stream the cells can travel to other parts of the body where, in the right environment, they may settle and grow. This development of tumor growth far away from the original site ...Read more
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