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Doctor insights on: How Strong Is The Genetics Of Addiction

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What is the role of genetics in addiction?

What is the role of genetics in addiction?

Partial: There is a familial component, but addiction is a very complex process. Many children of addicts emerge without addictions. Nevertheless, because risk is increased, people whose family members have struggled with addiction should regard all substances, including alcohol and tobacco, with caution, practice abstinence or moderation, and seek prompt help for any concerns about over-use or dependence. ...Read more

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Dr. Vasu Brown
612 doctors shared insights

Addiction (Definition)

Addiction is a primary, chronic disease of brain reward, motivation, memory, and related circuitry. Dysfunction in these circuits leads to characteristic biological, psychological, social and spiritual manifestations. This is reflected in an individual pathologically pursuing reward and/or relief by substance use and other behaviors. A person affected by addiction will be unable to consistently Abstain from use, will have Impaired Behavioral control, will have Craving or increased "hunger" for drugs or rewarding experiences, will have a Dysfunctional Emotional response, and will show diminished recognition of significant problems with their own ...Read more


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What is the medical definition of heredity and the environment in regards to impacting human traits?

What is the medical definition of heredity and the environment in regards to impacting human traits?

Heredity: heredity passed down from your parents environment what you eat live and breath and where /how you live. Great google question. ...Read more

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How important is the family in recovering from drug addiction?

How important is the  family in recovering from drug addiction?

Very: Understand what detachment is - family needs to maintain healthy boundaries, support with healthy consequences and need to step back and let the addict understand how to deal with ups and downs. ...Read more

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What is the role of nicotine in fear and anxiety?

What is the role of nicotine in fear and anxiety?

natural anxiolytic: Nicotine is your body's own natural anti-anxiety treatment. Nicotine is released to help calm the body in times of stress. Too much nicotine, as in cigarettes, floods the body with nicotine and the body stops making its own. That's why smoking addiction starts so quickly and you feel tense, stressed, and jittery when you begin to withdraw from the cigarette drug. ...Read more

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What about the stories of addiction surrounding opiates? Is there a difference between physical dependence and addiction?

Yes: Physical dependence involves use to avoid withdrawal both physiologic and substance dependent without compulsive, lack of control behavior. You can have dependence without addiction. ...Read more

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What is the role of optimism in a relationship?

Relationships: Optimism can enhance the spirit of a relationship as pessimism can destroy the spirit of a relationship. Best. ...Read more

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How does codependency contribute to the maintenance of alcoholism?

How does codependency contribute to the maintenance of alcoholism?

Enabling: What helps an alcoholic get better is being accountable for the drinking and being accountable to others for their behavior. A co-dependent often will support the alcoholic by "taking care of them" and saving them from having to deal with the natural consequences of their drinking. Al-Anon is an excellent tool in helping the codependent change. ...Read more

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How does codependency contribute to the development of alcoholism?

How does codependency contribute to the development of alcoholism?

It hurts both ways: Codependency can "encourage" alcohol abuse in another by softening the consequences of excessive drinking. In that sense, it gives the person false "readings" about the seriousness of their problem. For the alcohol abuser, staking your self-worth/happiness on the opinions of others sets you up for disappointment that can trigger increased drinking when they don't respond as desired. ...Read more

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How does being under the influence of both alcohol and marijuana cause seizures? Is having a seizure one way for the body to cope with the toxins?

How does being under the influence of both alcohol and marijuana cause seizures? Is having a seizure one way for the body to cope with the toxins?

See below: Marijuana is irrelevant. Alcohol withdrawal is associated with seizures secondary to its affects on gluamate and gaba tone in the brain. It has nothing to do with toxins (other than alcohol of course). ...Read more

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What is the difference between a physical addiction and physiological addiction?

What is the difference between a physical addiction and physiological addiction?

Definitions: I believe you are interchanging physical addiction with dependence which generally means that the removal of the subject will cause some type of withdrawal syndrome possibly even seizures for example. Addiction itself is a complex process that involves some activity or substance use along with adverse consequences such as criminal activity or harm to others or your relationship with others. ...Read more

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What is the difference between the psychology and physiology of addiction?

What is the difference between the psychology and physiology of addiction?

Psychology & physiol: Interact. Each affects the other. We speak of body and mind as if they are separate things, but they are just two sides of the same coin. Calling addiction a disease can be misleading if it implies that physiology is more important that the psychological, social, & spiritual aspects. Drugs direct affect the physiology, but addiction recovery requires changes in thinking and behavior. ...Read more

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What is the difference between marijuana abuse and dependence?

What is the difference between marijuana abuse and dependence?

Time and criteria: Traditional definition is the prescence of disease that affects in the area of compulsion, craving, unable to cut back, having consequences, and increased use along with dependence and tolerance at mimimum for 1 year # need to be present)for dependence and one for abuse to present. ...Read more

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What are the is the medical model of child abuse?

What are the is the medical model of child abuse?

Combination things: Likelihood of abuse with three elements:child with provocative behavior;parent with psychological predisposition;stressful event triggering violent reaction. Social&cultural, in addition to psychological and familial, factors have been described,dispelling the widely accepted myth that child abuse results solely from individual deviant behavior.Series of stresses that impinge on parents & ...Read more

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How high is the percentage of illnesses and death is linked to our dietary habits?

How high is the percentage of illnesses and death is linked to our dietary habits?

Unknown: What I do know is that the people of today's developed world are the healthiest that have ever lived -- thanks to technology, science, sanitation, medical treatments, immunization, and having enough food. As other causes of death have diminished, lifestyle-related (especially obesity) diseases flourish with some impact on vascular health; relating diet to cancer etc. Remains soft. ...Read more

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What is the difference between a psychological addiction and a physiological addiction?

Addiction: When a heroin addict quits cold turkey, the pain that he feels in being "dope sick" is beyond description in agony. This is an example of physical addiction. When the physical symptoms finally pass, but the feeling of still needing the heroin in order to live remains, that is psychological addiction. ...Read more

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What is the medical model of abuse in children?

What is the medical model of abuse in children?

Abuse and neglect: The medical model says that any child who is actively harmed physically or sexually or who is neglected or left in harms way or to fend for themselves then such treatment needs to be reported to child protective services as soon as possible. ...Read more

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What is the frequency of brain cancer, is it heredity or genetic?

What is the frequency of brain cancer, is it heredity or genetic?

It is neither: Common, nor hereditary. There seems to be damage to genes, as in most cancers, and some forecast response to therapy (loss of chromosome 1). The dread glioblastoma, the far end of the histologic spectrum, has had very little progress therapeutically. Despite its local resistance, chemo approachs encourage many, but surgery and radiotherapy seem stalled. ...Read more

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Curious as to how much is depression influenced by the circumstances of personal life?

Curious as to how much is depression influenced by the circumstances of personal life?

Probably a lot: Depression is thought to be related to levels of neurotransmitters in the brain which is why people use the term "chemical imbalance". This is genetically determined. Someone genetically vulnerable to becoming depressed may not become depressed unless something happens in their life that causes them great stress or sadness. So circumstances in one's personal life can definitely have an impact. ...Read more

Genetic (Definition)

From a medical standpoint, "genetic" refers to the potential heritability of various medical conditions. While some conditions are inevitable (at some point in one's life) as a consequence of simple genetic heritability (eg huntington's disease), a large number of medical conditions (including all behaviorial health disorders) are the expressed final pathway of a ...Read more