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Doctor insights on: How Soon After Infection Can Hiv Be Detected

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Dr. Krishna Kumar
16 Doctors shared insights

Hiv (Definition)

Hiv infection is caused by a retrovirus....This retrovirus binds to CD4 cells (for the most part). You may detect the virus by several different methods. An elisa test (enzyme linked immunosorbent assay). You may also detect it by doing a test referred to as a western blot (a gel protein electrophoresis). Thirdly by pcr (polymerase chain reaction) which ...Read more


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I was told that there is tests for HIV which can detect the infection in no time rather than waiting for many weeks is that right?

I was told that there is tests for HIV which can detect the infection in no time rather than waiting for many weeks is that right?

Rapid HIV Testing: Nationwide, hospitals and clinics are adopting rapid HIV tests that provide results in minutes. This allows immediate counseling and direction to appropriate places for care. Unfortunately these are antibody tests, meaning they require 1-2 wks after exposure to return a positive result. These are highly sensitive tests but false positives are possible and subsequently need confirmatory testing. ...Read more

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How to know if I have primary HIV infection?

Get tested: Primary HIV infection is another way of saying early or latent HIV or HIV seroconversion syndrome. The standard HIV antibody test may be negative due to inadequate time for the body to make the antibody to the virus. Most people will become HIV+ within six weeks of exposure. If you are concerned, see your doctor to get tested. If the first test is negative, repeat at 6, 12, and 24 wks. ...Read more

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What if I have HIV infection?

There's Rx, need f/u: Hiv may not be the death sentence it once was in the early 1980's (bad memories of that), due to reasonably effective medical regimens, it is still a potentially life threatening disease. You should get tested (anonymously), and followed by a specialist in HIV (gnerally an infectious disease (id) specialist). Need to practice safe sex (they can explain in detail). If preg, coordinate id w/ob. ...Read more

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I'm concerned about HIV infection.?

Be safe.: Hiv is the human immunodeficiency virus. This virus causes the medical condition / syndrome known as aids (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome). Hiv is spread by sharing body fluids. Spread can be prevented by always having only 'safe/protected' sex with condoms and spermicidal lubricants. Spread can also happen by contaminated needles in injection drug use. Never use a non-sterile needle. ...Read more

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How would I be at risk for HIV infection?

How would I be at risk for HIV infection?

Body fluid contact: HIV is only transmitted by direct contact with body fluids (blood, semen, NOT saliva). Penetration intercourse (vaginal, anal) with someone who is HIV+ is risky whether on the "giving" or "receiving" end. Sharing needles for injection drugs is also high risk. The US blood supply is 100% safe and no longer a risk. ...Read more

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I am worried about possible HIV infection?

I am worried about possible HIV infection?

Happy to help...: ...if we understand your concerns--have you been exposed or is your "worry" more academic? ...Read more

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Do I need to be fearful of getting HIV from somebody who has the infection in their blood?

Do I need to be fearful of getting HIV from somebody who has the infection in their blood?

No: Only if you are sexually intimate, sharing needles or accepting organ donations. Hiv is not transmitted casually. You have to work to get it. ...Read more

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If I get tested for HIV 8 weeks after exposure and I already had primary infection symptoms 47 days after exposure, is reliable?

If I get tested for HIV 8 weeks after exposure and I already had primary infection symptoms 47 days after exposure, is reliable?

0, 3 and 6 months: When you have an exposure...Its very important to get to your doctor. It may be possible to prevent infection if caught within 72 hours. Now. While its great that you were negative at 8 weeks. Were not done. You need testing at 3 months and again 6 months after that. What symptoms are you having? You should find a good infectious disease doctor in your area. ...Read more

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Worried about HIV infection. I got a 4th generation rapid test exactly one month after possible exposure. It was clean. Is this conclusive?

Highly reassuring...: ...but maybe not conclusive. The lab-based 4th generation ("combo") HIV tests are 100% conclusive at 4+ weeks, but less confidence about the rapid version, because it's newer and rapids are inherently a bit less reliable. Your negative is over 95% reliable. But if your exposure was especially high risk (e.g. unprotected anal with male partner) have a lab based test, or repeat rapid at 2-3 months. ...Read more

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I was wondering is eosinophilia pre-stage of HIV infection?

I was wondering is eosinophilia pre-stage of HIV infection?

Eosinophilia: Is linked to zoonosis (parasites) and precursor to lymphoma. I know no relation to hiv. Best to get HIV test rather than non specific clues. ...Read more

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Can HIV increase my chances of dangerous infections?

Potentially: Poorly controlled HIV results in a condition where your own immune system is not capable of fighting off even common viruses and bacteria. So yes, HIV can increase your change of dangerous infections. ...Read more

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What do experts consider the early symtoms of HIV infections?

What do experts consider the early symtoms of HIV infections?

Depends...: The answer depends.... If you are talking about symptoms of acute hiv, these may occur within 2 to 4 weeks of infection and include fever, rash, sore throat, headaches. Not everyone gets the symptoms of acute hiv. If you are talking about symptoms of HIV associated with more advanced disease, then usually this may take a few years before seeing symptoms like weight loss, fevers, night sweats. ...Read more

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How long does HIV take to show up on a test, after a first infection?

How long does HIV take to show up on a test, after a first infection?

Average is 25 days: After an exposure to hiv, most people (if they become hiv-positive) will develop antibodies that can be detected by HIV tests sometime between 2 to 8 weeks with the average of 25 days. 97% will develop detectable antibodies within 3 months and the rest may develop antibodies as late as 6 months (though very rare). This is why we typically recommend repeating HIV tests every 6 months if at risk. ...Read more

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What are the tests done to detect infection with hiv type N, O and P?

What are the tests done to detect infection with hiv type N, O and P?

Antigen, DNA/RNA: These types are exceedingly rare in the US, so testing usually isn't necessary. The standard antibody tests may miss these infections, but the p24 antigen test (and therefore the antigen-antibody combo or "4th generation" tests) picks them up. In rare cases, testing for the virus itself with an RNA or DNA blood test is necessary. But for the reasons above, this is rarely necessary in the US. ...Read more

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What is the least/minimal time for HIV to show symptoms after infection?

What is the least/minimal time for HIV to show symptoms after infection?

Variable: The earliest symptoms may appear in a couple of weeks from time of acquisition of infection and consist of flu like illness. Many infected people have no symptoms and do not know that they are infected. ...Read more

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Can you catch HIV or any infection with gloves on? Or after removing gloves? ?

Can you catch HIV or any infection with gloves on? Or after removing gloves? ?

Myth dispelled: Gloves are worn to protect from direct contact with body fluids.
Hiv is transmitted through contact of blood, semen, or vaginal fluid. Hiv transmission from direct needle sticks are more likely than from HIV infected gloves.
How do you remove your gloves? Please wash your hands thoroughly after removal of those gloves. Skin is the natural barrier. So make sure your hands are not dry or chapped. ...Read more

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What happens if you were to actually have HIV and were showing symptoms due to the infection?

Get Treatment: There really are not many symptoms early on. But if you have acute HIV viremia then you get put on a highly active HIV medication cocktail and you stay on it for life. We now treat early and aggressively. ...Read more

Dr. Suzanne Galli
9 Doctors shared insights

Infection (Definition)

Infections are invasions of some other organism (fungus, bacteria, parasite) or viruses into places where they do not belong. For instance, we have normal gut bacteria that live within us without causing problems; however, when those penetrate the bowel wall and enter the bloodstream, ...Read more


Dr. Ed Friedlander
1,487 Doctors shared insights

Human Immunodeficiency Virus (Definition)

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a lentivirus (a member of the retrovirus family) that causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (aids), [1][2] a condition in humans in which progressive failure of the immune system allows life-threatening opportunistic infections ...Read more