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Doctor insights on: How Often Do Seizures In Children Come From Pvl

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How often do seizures in children come from pvl?

How often do seizures in children come from pvl?

Unknown: The actual relationship between periventricular leukomalacia and seizures is unknown. While it is true that acute brain injury may often manifest with seizures, pvl is something we often see long after the seizures themselves have stopped, although both the seizures and the pvl may have the same underlying cause. Once pvl is discovered, the risk of subsequent seizures is about 20%. ...Read more

Dr. Al Hegab
37 Doctors shared insights

Periventricular Leukomalacia (Definition)

Periventricular leukomalacia (PVL) is a form of white-matter brain injury, characterized by the necrosis (more often coagulation) of white matter near the lateral ventricles. It can affect newborns and (less commonly) fetuses; premature infants are at the greatest ...Read more


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4yr girl. Born @ 27 weeks. Pvl, cp, shunted, epilepsy, etc. Recently she has started seizure like episodes, but EEG does not show any issues. Ideas?

4yr girl. Born @ 27 weeks. Pvl, cp, shunted, epilepsy, etc. Recently she has started seizure like episodes, but EEG does not show any issues. Ideas?

Neurologist referral: The one eeg strip might not caught the seizure activity. Therefore your child might benefit from the neurology referral and 24 hours telemetry eeg. ...Read more

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Can fevers cause seizures in children?

Can fevers cause seizures in children?

Yes: Febrile seizures occur if their is rapid rise of fever, in some kids. ...Read more

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What causes seizures in children at the age of 21 months?

What causes seizures in children at the age of 21 months?

Many things: Seizures in children can be caused by fever, by genetic causes of epilepsy, by metabolic derangements during illness, and by structural lesions in the brain. Therefore a full workup is indicated in any child who has a first seizure. ...Read more

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What works for treating generalized seizures in children?

What works for treating generalized seizures in children?

Meds and diet: There are a handful of medications that work well for generalized seizures. These are generally started one at a time, but sometimes multiple meds are required to control seizures. There are also other therapies, including the ketogenic diet, which is a high fat, low carbohydrate and adequate protein diet. There are other dietary therapies such as the modified atkins diet. ...Read more

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Can you tell me about children experiencing sleep "seizures?

Can you tell me about children experiencing sleep "seizures?

Many types / causes: Nocturnal seizures can occur in many different genetic and symptomatic epilepsy syndrome. Most seizures are more likely to occur in sleep. Any specifics? ...Read more

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Does your service treat children that already have diagnosis and medication history for mental health and seizures?

Does your service treat children that already have diagnosis and medication history for mental health and seizures?

Wrong site: The public Healthtap site is an information center. We do not diagnose or treat any medical condition. That disclaimer is provided within the site materials. There is a separate paid concierge service called Healthtap Prime that offers some services when they can reasonably be done online. Check site details for information. ...Read more

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My aunt (from dad side)'s daughter&my little brother both have had history with seizures. Is it hereditary? Are my future children at risk for epilepsy?

My aunt (from dad side)'s daughter&my little brother both have had history with seizures. Is it hereditary? Are my future children at risk for epilepsy?

Consult neurologist: There are many reasons for seizures to manifest in children. Some of them may be hereditary. There are different type of seizures, some hereditary others are not. These two children may or may not be getting same type. Consult neurologist about these children, he can examine and explain about the risk of epilepsy in your children. ...Read more

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I need detailed information & signs & symptoms of absence seizure disorder in children? How does it affect their daily lives?

I need detailed information & signs & symptoms of absence seizure disorder in children? How does it affect their daily lives?

Absence seizures can: Impact a child' s attention, behavior ; learning, even when controlled on medication. Request a " section 504" at school for any needed accommodations.. If sunlight precipitates them, wearing a large-brimmed hat when outside may help. The child should be monitored while swimming or on playground equipment. See https://www.Epilepsy.Com, the epilepsy foundation for facts ; resources. ...Read more

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Children with cp. Pda. Hie, seizures n arching of the body, feeding problems, what to do?

Children with cp. Pda. Hie, seizures n arching of the body, feeding problems, what to do?

Epilepsy Clinic: Long term management through your local (or a referral) neurologist is in order. Quality of life issues for the patient and care givers need to be addressed and properly managed. ...Read more

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Can glutamate sensitivity be genetic? Both myself and my children have problems with foods all high in glutamates.. causing seizures, ADD, diarrhoea

Can glutamate sensitivity be genetic? Both myself and my children have problems with foods all high in glutamates.. causing seizures, ADD, diarrhoea

Very likely: However lots and lots of people can be allergic to it without even knowing!! Avoid MSG and read labels carefully. If eating at a restaurant call ahead to make sure if they use MSG in their kitchen. See link below

http://www. Msgtruth. Org/why. Htm ...Read more

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What are appropriate toys for children with epilepsy? My 8 month-old nephew has epilepsy, which causes him to have seizures. I would like to get him some toys for christmas, but I don't know what would be appropriate or safe.

What are appropriate toys for children with epilepsy? My 8 month-old nephew has epilepsy, which causes him to have seizures. I would like to get him some toys for christmas, but I don't know what would be appropriate or safe.

Same as other 8mo.: The regular toys for infants in this age group are the same. Most 8mo do not do not have the motor skills or control to use the type of toys an older kid with epilepsy might get into trouble with. (bicycles, skateboards, etc.). ...Read more

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If I have epilepsy which causes grand mal tonic clonic seizures, does that mean I shouldn't have children?

If I have epilepsy which causes grand mal tonic clonic seizures, does that mean I shouldn't have children?

Not necessarily: Partly depends on the cause of your seizures. Speak to your neurologist to determine if you have an epilepsy syndrome that might be inherited. With that information, you can make a decision. There are medications that can be taken during pregnancy that may control your seizures without endangering a fetus. Your neurologist should have that information. ...Read more

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Do grand mal seizures cause brain damage in children?

Do grand mal seizures cause brain damage in children?

Seizure: A seizure may already be due to an underlying brain condition. On the other hand uncontrolled seizure can cause brain damage as well. ...Read more

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What's the prognosis for periventricular leukomalacia (pvl) in a baby?

What's the prognosis for periventricular leukomalacia (pvl) in a baby?

See below: The prognosis varies. It depends on the severity of the pvl, and any other problems. The child should have his/her development followed closely. They may benefit from early intervention services, as well. ...Read more

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My son had a grade 4 bleed however he is meeting all milestones at 6 myths old 4 adjusted is grade 4 the sane as pvl he was not diagnosed w/ pvl?

My son had a grade 4 bleed however he is meeting all milestones at 6 myths old 4 adjusted is grade 4 the sane as pvl he was not diagnosed w/ pvl?

Confusing question: Meeting early milestones is good. To do so after a g4 bleed is hopeful, but too early think the worst is over. Staging of a bleed and the DX of pvl depend on the type and quality of study. G4 bleeds are worrisome. Kids are well past a year before we have an idea about speech and language development ; school age before learning skills are evident. These kids do their best with early intervention. ...Read more

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What is periventricular leukomalasia (pvl)?

What is periventricular leukomalasia (pvl)?

A problem...: Pvl as defined above is an type of brain injury that occurs in infants; the tissues surrounding the "ventricles" (which house fluid) are damaged leading to 'holes'. The problem arises in that there is no curative treatment for this disorder as of today; treatment focuses on helping the baby/child cope with the developmental and neurological consequences of the disorder in the first 2 years of life. ...Read more

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Can a child get pvl at 4yo, is there any good way to prevent it?

Can a child get pvl at 4yo, is there any good way to prevent it?

Yes: This requires a long answer and there is an excellent description of the problem by sikply googling pvl. It is likely that a 4-year old had this problem at or near birth. Premature and low birth weight infants are more at risk. ...Read more

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If my son was born at 32 weeks, what are the chances that he has pvl?

If my son was born at 32 weeks, what are the chances that he has pvl?

Low: Pvl, or periventricular leukomalacia, is a condition where "water-shed" areas in the brain suffer ischemic injury leading to loss of brain tissue. Pvl is most often described in extremely premature (< 28 wk gestation) infants, but the exact cause is unknown. Although less premature infants may develop pvl, this is very uncommon, and is usually preceded by a profound hypoxic or inflammatory event. ...Read more

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Are there any potential long-term effects to having pvl for my daughter?

Are there any potential long-term effects to having pvl for my daughter?

Yes: Periventricular leukomalacia, or pvl, occurs when cortical brain tissue (white matter) is lost. It may be associated with damage to deeper brain structures (grey matter). Since pvl means loss of brain tissue, there will be permanent effects on certain motor (movement), and occasionally cognitive (thinking) abilities, often referred to a cerebral palsy. The degree of impairment is highly variable. ...Read more

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Is there good rehabilitation for kids with pvl to help them with motor coordination?

Is there good rehabilitation for kids with pvl to help them with motor coordination?

Good peds OT and PT: Kids with pvl are at greater risk for cerebral palsy among other neuromuscular disorders. There is excellent rehab for kids with pvl, and most of them involve repetitive movement and relearning how to make normal movements, recruiting more brain to enable the movement to happen. Good pt and ot will help with that, and most major centers have them. The local support groups will know the good names. ...Read more

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Is pvl genetic, how can I test to make sure that my kids in the future do not get it?

Is pvl genetic, how can I test to make sure that my kids in the future do not get it?

No, not genetic: Pvl or periventricular leukomalacia is an injury to the white matter of the brain. It usually occurs in preterm infants and occasionally in the fetus. It can result in possible cerebral palsy, motor developmental delays, seizures and vision problems, depending on the severity of the pvl. The extreme preterm infant 24 to 30 weeks are most at risk due to risk of bleeding in the brain. ...Read more

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Is pvl reversible in any way?

Is pvl reversible in any way?

Not that we know: For more on periventricular leukomalacia, ask a pediatric neurologist, developmental psychologist or neonatologist. They can provide information on outcomes. ...Read more

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What are MRSA and pvl?

What are MRSA and pvl?

Initials: Mrsa of course is methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus. Pvl stands for panton-valentine leukocidin which is a toxin that some strains of MRSA produce. ...Read more

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Is there anything that can be done to prevent pvl in a premature child?

Is there anything that can be done to prevent pvl in a premature child?

IVH/PVH: Premature babies born at < 32 weeks gestation are at risk for periventricular hemorrhage (ivh/pvh). Later the pvh turns into pvh (periventricular leukomalacia). There are some precautions that the neonatologists can take to lower the risk of pvh in these babies but they cannot abolish the risk. Neonates who develop high grade of ivh/pvh (generally grade iii or iv) develop pvl. ...Read more

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Is my sons clonus more likley to be related to his CP or grade 4 ivh with pvl.?

Is my sons clonus more likley to be related to his CP or grade 4 ivh with pvl.?

Cerebral palsy: Ivh occurs in prematures, then resolves. Pvl is the result of changes in the brain due to prematurity. Cerebral palsy is a clinical diagnosis which includes spasticity and the ability to elicit clonus. This is often the result of events associated with prematurity. Clonus is a clinical finding that can be seen in normal children, but is more common in children with cerebral palsy. ...Read more

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What are the tests for periventricular leukomalacia?

Visible on US or CT: An ultrasound done through the soft spot will often detect pvl. Ct or MRI might also be helpful but the cranial ultrasound is easy to do & requires little preparation or stress on the patient so it is the more common study for this dx. ...Read more

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What are the symptoms of periventricular leukomalacia?

What are the symptoms of periventricular leukomalacia?

Symptoms: Periventricular leukomalacia is a condition that mostly affects preterm infants. The hallmark symptom present in these children is a bilateral spasticity of the lower limbs. ...Read more

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Are there good alternative medicines for kids with periventricular leukomalacia?

Are there good alternative medicines for kids with periventricular leukomalacia?

No: Periventricular leukomalacia is a condition where brain tissue has been lost in so-called "water-shed" areas. Since the tissue is gone, there is no treatment per se, although one may need to treat associated disorders, such as muscle stiffness or dysfunction, with medical or non-medical therapies. ...Read more

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What is the treatment for periventricular leukomalacia?

Dr. F. discussed: Acute care. At the time of discharge from the NICu, an MRI of the brain is most predictive of outcome. The NICU will give you contact info for your state's Early Intervention Program. Enroll your baby & start services right away, even though you probably won't see any signs of motor impairment, as Occupational & Physical Therapy can minimize development of abnormal motor patterns. ...Read more

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How often is there delayed motor development in kids with pvl?

How often is there delayed motor development in kids with pvl?

PVL: Unfortunately, pretty common. That child will end up being followed closely by a neurologist and likely need physical therapy among other therapies. ...Read more

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My 5 year old was born with mild pvl. He is now experiencing reading difficulties. I need a neurologist who specializes in sld with pvl in georgia?

Child study center: Pvl is a marker for brain injury that is often associated with other problems when a kid ages. In the past decade a subspecialty of pediatrics, the developmental pediatrician has grown to fill part of this need. They are often found at child study centers affiliated with children's hospitals or med schools. Often the work of a team can provide more answers than any single specialty. Good luck. ...Read more

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What's periventricular leukomalacia?

What's periventricular leukomalacia?

Periventricular Leuk: Premature infant is prone to cerebral hemorrhage.Infarction of the periventricular white matter is called periventricular leukomalacia. ...Read more

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What is periventricular leukomalacia?

What is periventricular leukomalacia?

PVL is caused by: Lack of blood flow & oxygen to the white matter around the ventricles of the brain, an area most susceptible to damage around the end of the 2nd trimester. Severity of impairment varies widely, but isn't seen right away. Start Early Intervention therapy at 4-6 weeks as "Early Prevention" for optimal outcome. See: http://cerebralpalsy. Org/about-cerebral-palsy/cause/periventricular-leukomalacia/ ...Read more

Dr. William Singer
1,065 Doctors shared insights

Seizure Disorder (Definition)

Seizure disorder also known as epilepsy, is a neurological condition in which the brain's abnormal electrical activity causes muscular convulsions and altered mental states. Epilepsy is diagnosed when an individual has ...Read more