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Doctor insights on: How Likely Will I Get Body Disfiguration From Cutaneous Leishmaniasis

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How likely will I get body disfiguration from cutaneous leishmaniasis?

How likely will I get body disfiguration from cutaneous leishmaniasis?

Depends on site: Cutaneous disease usually heals with a local scar. The disfigurement depends on the location of the lesion. A lesion on the cheek will be more disfiguring than one on the calf. ...Read more

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Cutaneous (Definition)

Skin is the largest and one of most complex organs of body. 3 layers: epidermis (outer), dermis (main part) and subcutaneous layers covers entire body, contains many specialized cells, maintains body temp, gathers sensory info from the outer world, has extremely important immune functions. It can give crucial clues as to what is internal. Dermatology and plastic surgery are ...Read more


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Can i be sure a thailand sak yaht tatoo doesn't pierce the skin deep enough for the spread of hiv?

Can i be sure a thailand sak yaht tatoo doesn't pierce the skin deep enough for the spread of hiv?

Whoa!: Sak yant tattoos will enter the skin deep enough to penetrate the epidermis, and if the needle is infected, it can transmit hepatitis b, hepatitis c, or hiv. In the usa, this is closely regulated and customers demand it, but overseas, i can't tell you. You need to be very certain about needle sterilization procedures, and if you have any doubt, don't do it. ...Read more

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How is Zika spreading? How do mosquitoes get the virus... do they get it from other mosquitoes, or from biting a person infected with Zika?

How is Zika spreading? How do mosquitoes get the virus... do they get it from other mosquitoes, or from biting a person infected with Zika?

Animal to mosquito: Zika virus is spread by mosquitoes, which are infected only by feeding on infected animals. Probably several animals can be infected, in addition to humans. For people in affected areas, reducing mosquitoes in the environment (vector control) and avoiding mosquito bites (exposure control) are the only effective means of prevention. ...Read more

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Can Hepatitis B continue to cause damage even if you've recovered from it and the infection didn't become chronic? Is there any way to 100% remove the virus from your body?

Can Hepatitis B continue to cause damage even if you've recovered from it and the infection didn't become chronic? Is there any way to 100% remove the virus from your body?

If...: If you are recovered and do not develop chronic hep B you become immune to it if you have been exposed. There is no further damage the virus can cause under those circumstances. ...Read more

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How does the body acquire active immunity to a disease without getting it?

How does the body acquire active immunity to a disease without getting it?

Vaccination: Vaccination can stimulate body to acquire active immunity to a disease without gettiing it, such as MMR. ...Read more

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Is coccidioidomycosis a disease that only people with hiv/aids get? Or can anybody get it? How long does coccidioidomycosis take to be disseminated?

Is coccidioidomycosis a disease that only people with hiv/aids get? Or can anybody get it? How long does coccidioidomycosis take to be disseminated?

See below: This is a fungal disease that is airborne and anyone in the appropriate area can come down with the disease. Those patients that have immune problems are more likely to have disease than someone that doesn not but in fact normal people do get this. When does it spresd that is strongly dependent on a number of things in the individual. ...Read more

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How can tumour on the thoracic vertebrae be cured and what can we do to prevent it from being more serious?

How can tumour on the thoracic vertebrae be cured and what can we do to prevent it from being more serious?

See a specialist: You do not give enough information to answer accurately. You should see someone in your area that treats spinal tumors. The exact treatment depends on an accurate diagnosis. Treatment depends on the type of tumor, exactly where it is in the spine, & your symptoms. Do not ignore it. Get a second opinion if you have concerns. ...Read more

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Can you tell me how a healthy body prevent fungi infections from moving to internal tissues?

Can you tell me how a healthy body prevent fungi infections from moving to internal tissues?

The skin: is an effective barrier in most cases. Body openings/orifices have various physiological adaptations to prevent infection. The immune system, with its army of antibodies and white blood cells, is constantly on patrol to identify and eliminate microscopic invaders. ...Read more

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How long can infectious diseases live outside the body if in a needle?

How long can infectious diseases live outside the body if in a needle?

Likely not long.: In order to get infected this way, the disease would likely have been in some fluid that would be injected in the body quite rapidly, and at that time contaminate the needle. The needle would not be used again but discarded. Most needles are disposable now so they should be sterile before use. If in a needle, the disease would only live likely <1-20 min. As germs don't live long on metals, etc. ...Read more

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Can you tell me how the nervous system get rid of chemicals that infiltrated it?

Can you tell me how the nervous system get rid of chemicals that infiltrated it?

Sometimes tough: For example, intervention by drugs and procedures may be necessary to eliminate lead or arsenic. Sometimes dialysis or plasmapheresis is necessary. Our livers can detoxify some chronic ingestions, but not always rapidly, and may take weeks to months to eliminate bad chemicals. Best bet is prevention, and if foreign chemicals arrive, get immediate medical attention. ...Read more

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What does rabies need to grow and survive in the body? How do you cure it?

What does rabies need to grow and survive in the body? How do you cure it?

Rabies: Rabies is an infectious disease that is 99% fatal in humans. The best approach is prevention by vaccinating pets and avoiding animals that are prone to being rabid including bats, skunks, foxes and coyotes and and racoons. If someone is bitten by a rabid animal, rabies vaccination series is necessary to prevent disease. ...Read more

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Can a person get htlv from oral sex? If a person is going through symptoms due to htlv does this mean they are rapidly going to get cancer ?

Can a person get htlv from oral sex? If a person is going through symptoms due to htlv does this mean they are rapidly going to get cancer ?

No risk, no worry: Human T lymphtropic virus (HTLV) is rare. Although it can be sexually transmitted, most cases are not from sex; the exact source usually is not known. Oral sex is not known to transmit HTLV, although it might be possible. HTLV sometimes causes certain cancers or other symptoms, but the large majority of infections never cause symptoms or disease. This is nothing to be worried about. ...Read more

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Hi, how long can an HIV virus last outside human body (like on needle or something) that it can be considered a risk?

Hi, how long can an HIV virus last outside human body (like on needle or something) that it can be considered a risk?

HIV virus: Hiv is extremely sensitive to fluctuations in temperature.Outside of the human body, the virus dies within minutes. The one place that HIV has been shown to survive for extended periods of time (several days) is in needles used with syringes; the needles frequently contain enough blood to prevent the HIV from drying out. ...Read more

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Do you think Ebola will become airborne? how long does it survive outside of the body?

Do you think Ebola will become airborne? how long does it survive outside of the body?

Ebola Virus: There is no evidence to suggest that Ebola will become airborne. Ebola is not an airborne virus btwn humans per the World Health Organization: “ What we know about transmission of the Ebola virus among humans”. However, WHO indicated it might be transmitted “when virus-laden heavy droplets are directly propelled, by coughing or sneezing (which does not mean airborne transmission) onto the mucus ...Read more

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Can you tell me how can I get rid of a rash from the diphtheria-pertussis-tetanus vaccine?

Can you tell me how can I get rid of a rash from the diphtheria-pertussis-tetanus vaccine?

ALLERGIC reaction?: If there is an allergic reaction to the vaccine , the usual RX can be for allergy like Benadryl (diphenhydramine) , steroid creams or oral. Make sure to report the reaction . ...Read more

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How likely will I get complications from hemorrhoids that lead to surrounding tissue death?

How likely will I get complications from hemorrhoids that lead to surrounding tissue death?

Not likely: If they get large and prolapse they can be very painful and lead to issues like tissue death. But for most they are a bother. See a surgeon who specializes in them and discuss. ...Read more

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Dr. Bonnie Furner
66 doctors shared insights

Leishmaniasis (Definition)

An infectious disease caused by a parasite that is transmitted by the sandfly found in many tropical and sub-tropical countries. There are several different forms of the infection, with the most common ...Read more


Dr. Gregory Moneta
44 doctors shared insights

Kala Azar (Definition)

Kala azar = Leishmaniasis , a potentially fatal infection by a protozoan parasite ...Read more