Doctor insights on:
How Lethal Is Meningitis
Meningitis 2 yrs ago, always worry of getting sick again. Was in classroom full of kids, not close to them. Can I get sick just by standing in there?
Germ transfer: We usually acquire germs is through random events. Some germs can be airborne in droplets (cough), but most come from saliva transferred to surfaces like doorknobs, desk tops, etc. Adults randomly touch their face/nose 6 or more times/hr which leads to transfer of germs from fingers to face or mouth. From there they enter & begin the exposure process. Better hand washing or sanitizers can help you ...Read more
Inflammation: Part 1: great question. It specifically refers to the inflammation of a protective layer of the brain and spinal cord called the meninges. Clinically, movements that stretch this layer (i.e. Bending the neck forward) will be painful. It can be caused by several microbes such as bacteria, fungi, and viruses. A lumbar puncture is the gold standard in obtaining spinal fluid for testing of meningitis. ...Read more
Inflammation of the meninges caused by Virral, Bacterial, fungal&Parasitic infection of the protective membrane covering the brain&spinal chord collectively known as Meninges.
It can be life threatening&is a medical emergency.
It presents with fever, headcahe, neck stiffness, confusion. Infection begins elsewhere in body&spreads to meninges. Can be fatal if not treated quicklyCan leadTOdeath&BrainDamage ...Read more
Fever, headache: Meningitis is the term denoting usually an infection causing inflammation of the covering tissue in brain and spinal cord. Fever, headache, neck stiffness and altered mental status are the chief symptoms the severity and the prognosis varies from case to case but it has to be taken seriously! ...Read more
Meningitis is an inflammation of the meninges, presented with headache, nausea/vomiting, fever and neck stiffness.
In younger children it can be subtle, it can be presented with fever, lethargy, decrease oral intake, vomiting or irritability due to increased intracranial pressure, also seizure can be a presenting symptom especially in infants. ...Read more
Infection of CNS: Although tuberculosis may start in the lungs, it can also involve multiple body organ systems. When the infection gets into spinal fluid, it creates a type of meningitis that is a true medical emergency, and can be associated with a rather poor outcome if not treated in a timely fashion. ...Read more
Meningitis-an inflammation of the coverings of the brain usually caused by germs but can be caused by toxins (chemotherapy)
tetanus-a disease marked by severe muscle spasms caused by a toxin produced by germs growing in wounds.
Diphtheria: a disease caused by a germ s living in the upper airway/nose/throat that can produce obstruction or make a toxin that can injure the heart, kidneys, nerves. ...Read more
Hard to say: When you ask a basic question with no supportive information, it is difficult to formulate an answer. If certain symptoms are present that worry you, please start over, describe them and ask a specific question. The public site is not a chat room and questions are not linked. ...Read more
Yes it can cause several complications if treated late or not treated properly
all paptients with viral menengitis and 70to80% of patients with bacterial meningitis will recover completely.
The serious disabling complications are
change in eye sight. ...Read more
LP: When meningitis is suspected one needs to look at the spinal fluid. First get a ct of the head in most cases to exclude a mass lesion or abcess in the brain. Then a spinal tap is performed. The pressure of the fluid is checked as well as the fluid itself for excess proteine, low sugar, the presence of blood or excessive white blood cells and bacteria. Test / culture for fungi, bacteria ; viruses. ...Read more
Depends on agent: Meningitis is defined as an inflamation (generally caused by infection) of the tissues surrounding the brain and spinal cord. The agent may be bacterial (like strep/staph/meningococcus); viral, fungal or parocitic. Some viral cases are mild & resolve without special rx. Most bacterial are deadly if untreated & may damage even with rx. Fungal & paracitic causes are also deadly & often harder to rx. ...Read more
Yes: Some people seem naturally immune to some of the germs that cause meningitis & some gain immunity thru shots. Those with no immunity can "catch it" after passage of the germ from a source (person or object) to your body. The nasal passages are a prime pathway to their invasion. A penetrating injury to the brain may also allow otherwise benign germs to cause a meningitis by opening the skin. ...Read more
Meningitis: Causes of bacterial meningitis including strep, neisseria, h flu & viruses like enteroviruses, herpes, & hiv. Bacteria & viruses that cause meningitis colonize the nose & throat & are transmitted through respiratory droplets. Viral meningitis can also be transmitted by fecal-oral routes & insect bites. Usually contacts working within ~3 ft of those with meningitis r considered to be at high risk. ...Read more
Share time/space: If you share time and space with any person who carries the germs of meningitis, you have been exposed. The degree of exposure relates to the intamacy of the contact, & or the hygenic practices of the exposed (wash your hands). The exposure may be to a healthy person with no signs of illness. ...Read more
Contact with germs: Meningitis can be spread by mucous secretions from the oral/ nasal membranes of someone who carries the germs. The germ source may be a healthy carrier or a sick person. The secretions are infective for a while on objects & can be acquired on your hands/fingers & passed to your face/nose. Some germs can be passed in inhaled droplets from a sneeze, or mucous of a kiss. ...Read more