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How Is Melanoma Diagnosed
Learn your ABCD's: Definitive diagnosis is made by biopsy. Melanomas are screened by the abcd's: a-asymmetry; b-irregular borders; c-different colors; d-diameber >6mm (size of pencil eraser). If you notice a mole with these characteristics, get it checked out asap. If you have a skin lesion which is growing, ulcerating, bleeding, or otherwise changing, get it seen as well for evaluation and possible biopsy. ...Read moreSee 5 more doctor answers
: Either by some symptom (something unusual you feel or notice about yourself - i.e. Pain) or sign (something your doctor notices during an evaluation - i.e. Tenderness on exam) or through a screening test. We currently have approved screeing tests for cervical, breast, colon/rectal, and prostate cancers. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
By a dermatologist: Spots that don't heal, bleeds, or grows rapidly may be signs of skin cancer. The best way to diagnose a skin cancer is to see your dermatologist. He or she will examine the spot and determine if a skin biopsy is necessary. Most of the time, a dermatologist can tell by looking at a spot if it is cancer or not. ...Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
Examination: It is raised collection of blood. Small ones are diagnosed by observation. Large ones may be also examined with a sonogram to detect the size. Small ones are removable with vascular laser. Large congenital hemangiomas are now treated with beta blockers. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Scans, Symptoms: Sometimes pet and bone scan find things otherwise not suspected, but many times a bone hurts, and occasionally, a bone breaks with trivial trauma and is found to be caused by cancer (pathologic fracture). We search for the site of origin to determine treatment. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Imaging and biopsy: Imaging is usually the first step in diagnosing thymus pathology. Ct scan would probably be required to differentiate between potentially malignant and benign lesions. Finally, biopsy will need to be performed to determine the cancer type and stage. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Fissure: Are we talking about Anal fissure/ if that's the case then prevent constipation, avoid straining, drink enough water, consume enough fiber and use sitz bath (sit in the warm water couple of times a day). also you could ask your doctor for creams like Anusol. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Colonoscopy, imaging: And biopsy. A lesion may be detected on colonscopy or barium enema or the more recent ct scans. The lesion is biopsied and the tissue examined by a pathologist to make the diagnosis. Colon cancer may be suspected if there is blood in stool, either obvious or occult. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
FNA or surgery: The best way to diagnose thyroid cancer is in surgery. The surgical specimen give you the most tissue to look at. It can also give you a "gross" view of whether the nodule had spread through the thyroid capsule (an indication of cancer). That being said, most patients don't jump to surgery right away. In that case, an ultrasound guided fine needle aspiration is often perform to eval cancer. ...Read moreSee 4 more doctor answers
Site and bx: The trichoepithelioma is for the most part cutaneous, arising as a single or as multiple tumors of hair follicule origin. They are most often seen on the face after puberty and are best handled by local surgical resection. Lasar therapy has been employed.. The tumors are small and firm. They usually increase in number with age,and are occassionaly confused with basal cell Ca. ...Read more
Rare but ominous: Cancer of mesothelioma cells that cover the internal organs, most often the pleura of the lungs and usually related to asbestos exposure and risk increased by smoking as well. Treatment is usually multi modality with best prognosis if spread is limited to make it amenable to surgical removal, but overall prognosis is poor but some minor improvements lately. ...Read more
Myeloma: myeloma is a cancer that starts in plasma cells in the bone marrow. The cause is unknown but its found more in the older patients. Blood tests usually detect it. Mild cases usually aren't treated but chemotherapy is often used. Radiation therapy is used to treat the bone pain that occurs. ...Read more
Many forms: Cardiac tumors are rare. Secondary tumors or metastases from a separate cancer are the most common cancer to go to heart (Lung cancer, lymphoma most commonly) Primary tumors of the heart are even more rare. The most common of these are myxomas which are benign. Angiosarcoma is the most common aggressive primary tumor of the heart. Therapy often a combination of chemotherapy and surgery ...Read more
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