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Doctor insights on: How Is Lcis Is Different From Dcis

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How is lcis is different from dcis?

How is lcis is different from dcis?

Risk factor v cancer: Dcis is a pre-cancerous condition that, if left untreated, could turn into a cancer. It is often detected by mammography. Lcis is not pre-cancerous, however, women who are found to have lcis are at an increased risk of developing breast cancer (in either breast). It is usually not detectable by mammography and is often found incidentally at the time of biopsy. ...Read more

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Intraductal Carcinoma (Definition)

Intraductal carcinoma is a noninvasive condition in which abnormal cells are found in the lining of a breast duct. The abnormal cells have not spread outside the duct to other ...Read more


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What is malignant mesothelioma? How is it different from benign?

What is malignant mesothelioma? How is it different from benign?

Pleural tumor: It affects the pleural membrane around the lung. Mainly caused by asbestos exposure. Many people can have thick plaques in the pleura that doesnt grow rapidly which is known as benign pleural plaques. When it becomes malignant the tumor spreads rapidly engulfing the lungs and causing fluid accumulation. ...Read more

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What is invasive breast cancer and how is it treated? What is the general survival rate?

What is invasive breast cancer and how is it treated? What is the general survival rate?

Breast ca: Invasive refers to the tumor cells invading through the originating structure [usually the milk duct in breast cancer] and developing the ability to attract more blood supply and grow bigger. It also means it can spread to other parts of body. From am ca society: 2001-2002 stage & 5-year survival rate: 0-93%; i-88%; iia- 81%; iib- 74%; iiia- 67%; iiib- 41%*; iiic; 49%*; iv- 15%;. ...Read more

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What is inflammatory breast cancer, how is it different from other cancers?

Looks like infection: Ibc occurs suddenly with breast pain, redness, or swelling or a rash. Mammograms are often negative because the tumor cells grow in a sheet and don't form a lump. It is very fast-growing and spreads quickly. Immediate chemotherapy is needed. It looks like an infection, so doctors often try antibiotics first, delaying diagnosis. See a medical oncologist immediately if you have these symptoms. ...Read more

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What is a carcinoma and how is it different from a malignancy?

What is a carcinoma and how is it different from a malignancy?

Confusing terms: Malignancy is a generic term, like cancer. There are many different kinds depending on the location of the cancer, and the cell type. Carcinoma is another generic term that just means cancer. Specific types of carcinoma are adenocarcinoma, sarcoma, melanoma, neuroendocrine cancer, etc. ...Read more

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How is inflammatory breast cancer different from other types of breast cancer? Why is it difficult to detect and diagnose?

How is inflammatory breast cancer different from other types of breast cancer? Why is it difficult to detect and diagnose?

Looks like infection: Ibc occurs suddenly with breast pain, redness, or swelling or a rash. Mammograms are often negative because the tumor cells grow in a sheet and don't form a lump. It is very fast-growing and spreads quickly. Immediate chemotherapy is needed. It looks like an infection, so doctors often try antibiotics first, delaying diagnosis. See a medical oncologist immediately if you have these symptoms. ...Read more

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How is chromophobe renal cancer different from others?

How is chromophobe renal cancer different from others?

Many ways: The prognosis is better than for a common kidney cancer, their pattern of immunostaining is very different, they tend to spread to liver rather than where other kidney cancers usually go, and there is even a genetic mutation that can make them common in one family. ...Read more

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How is anaplastic thyroid cancer ruled out? In particular distinguished from suspected papillary carcinoma? Is it possible confusion between the two?

How is anaplastic thyroid cancer ruled out?  In particular distinguished from suspected papillary carcinoma? Is it possible confusion between the two?

Anaplastic thyroid: Anaplastic thyroid cancer is suspected because of a rapidly growing thyroid mass. Usually patients present and it is obvious. You start with an fna but may need to do an open biopsy as part of a planned thyroid surgery and get a frozen section result or stop and defer to permanent pathology. The primary differential of this us lymphoma of the thyroid. ...Read more

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What is the prognosis for fibroadenosis?

What is the prognosis for  fibroadenosis?

See below: Patients usually start to see improvement within 3 to 6 weeks of starting treatment. Over the long hall it is a somewhat progressive disorder. ...Read more

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I need to know what is the cause of ductal carcinoma in situ (dcis)?

I need to know what is the cause of ductal carcinoma in situ (dcis)?

Genetic mutations: This is mostly a random event. There's a natural instability in the human genome even if you are never exposed to anything that's obviously a mutagen. The other factors that place you at risk for breast cancer (nulliparity, brca1 / brca2 mutations, etc.) are risk factors here, but no woman (and actually no man either) is immune. ...Read more

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What is a mammogram? How is a mammogram different from other types of breast imaging methods?

What is a mammogram? How is a mammogram different from other types of breast imaging methods?

A mammogram is: a low dose xray of the breast. Breast Ultrasound uses sound waves to generate an image, and MRI uses magnetic fields. Try this link for more info: http://www.cancer.org/healthy/findcancerearly/examandtestdescriptions/mammogramsandotherbreastimagingprocedures/mammograms-and-other-breast-imaging-procedures-toc ...Read more

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What is invasive cancer of the breast means?

What is invasive cancer of the breast means?

Invading the tissues: This means that the breast cancer has gone past any containing membrane(s) and/or capsules and into the surrounding soft tissue. It usually travels to the lymph nodes, from which it can metastasize to other organs in the body, like the lung, bones, and liver. This is usually treated with combination therapy (surgery, radiation, and chemotherapy). ...Read more

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What the medical term of "nodular Breast" mean by Mammogram? Is it a risk for cancer?

What the medical term of "nodular Breast" mean by Mammogram? Is it a risk for cancer?

Not a good term: In a mammogram we are looking for a well defined Nodule(Mass) or cluster of calcifications. What this report says is that your breast image was not uniformly dark(normal). Breast images in younger women can be whiter(reported as dense breasts) but that is entirely normal as long as there is no mass detected. For dense breasts, Radiologist will often add a second imaging test like,Ultrasound orMRI ...Read more

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Cancer: Is is really important for a fully independent patient to know the stage of cancer one is in?

Cancer: Is is really important for a fully independent patient to know the stage of cancer one is in?

Yes,so you plan yr L: Stage determines your prognosis, so if you want to plan your future better, then you would want to know what your odds of survival from your Cancer will be like. This may give you more hope and lessen your anxiety. yet it is up to you to ask for more info or less info from your oncologist. ...Read more

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Is throat cancer easily cured or what is the survival rate?

Never easy: Surgery or possibly radiation cure most of the throat cancers that are found early, but it is never a cinch. The likely outcome depends on the type of cancer and how far it has progressed. Death from throat cancer is as grim as you can imagine. I wish you luck and hope you stay proactive. ...Read more

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Is it possible for breast high grade ductal carcinoma insitu (dcis) to spread to the major organs ?

Is it possible for breast  high grade ductal carcinoma insitu (dcis) to spread to the major organs  ?

Yes, though rare. : We know that a very small % of pts with high-grade dcis will have lymph node involvement, of which a smaller % can develop distant (metastatic) disease. ...Read more

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Which treatment for vaginal malignant melanoma stage 2c is the very best?

Which treatment for vaginal malignant melanoma stage 2c  is the very best?

No best treatment: Vaginal melanoma is considered mucosal disease and this type tends to spread via the blood to other organs in the body more readily. There is no known best treatment for stage iic. However, based on a recent study, chemotherapy with Cisplatin and temodar (temozolomide) every 3 weeks for 6 cycles are reasonable. However, enrolling in a clinical trial if available is the best option. ...Read more

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What is aggressive digital papillary adenocarcinoma and how is it treated?

What is aggressive digital papillary adenocarcinoma and how is it treated?

Rare Cancer: This is a rare cancer; typically treated with surgerical removal and sometimes chemotherapy is given after removal to prevent recurrence. ...Read more

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What is the difference between stage and grade for brain cancer?

What is the difference between stage and grade for brain cancer?

Grade is key.: Brain tumors are rated by the world health organization grade, with higher grades generally being more aggressive. Stage is a terminology used in cancers outside of the brain, which describe how much a cancer has spread all over the body. Because brain tumors/cancers generally do not spread all over the body, we rarely use "staging" with primary brain tumors. ...Read more

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