Doctor insights on:
How Is Hpv Testing Done
Human Papillomavirus (HPV) is the most common sexually transmitted infection. There are over 100 different types of HPV that causes warts in different areas of the body. HPV is incredibly common and almost all sexually active men and women get it during their lifetime. Most of the time HPV does not cause any symptoms or complications. However, A limited number of these HPV viruses are pathogenic and if not monitored carefully can be responsible for causing cervical and penile cancer. Some of these viruses have been ...Read more
2 or 3 X-rays: A screening mammogram sqeezes each breast between 2 horizontal plates and then between 2 vertical plates in order to take the x-ray pictures. Sometimes a 3rd view is taken on a tilt. The tech helps you position your arm and the breast tissue to get the best picture. She will ask you to hold your breath while she clicks the picture. ...Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
Not usually done: If the male has genital warts, then they can be biopsied, but this is rarely necessary. I don't know of any commercial testing available for men as far as testing the penis. I believe anal warts can be tested in a similar way that we test a cervix (thin prep pap with hpv testing). ...Read more
Cheaper than infecti: Cheaper than dealing with the outcomes from the infection. For instance - a pap smear looking for the outcomes of hpv - cancer or its precursors - may cost a couple hundred bucks. Dealing with cancer costs 10's or 100's of thousands! most insurances will cover the cost and if not, health depts and clinics offer low cost testing and care. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
What does conventional HIV blood testing mean? And how accurate is this test if done in accredited lab after 3 years of passible exposure?
Very accurate: If the screening test is negative you have no worries. ...Read more
Sedation: Colonoscopy is performed by placing a long, flexible tube along the entire colon and rectum via the anus. While people dread this, it is painless when done under sedation. The worst part is the day before when the "prep" is taken to purge the system. Although unpleasant, this will find polyps before they turn into cancers, thus saving one from major surgery. If you're 50, "get 'er done". ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Highly accurate...: If both pap test and hpv dna test are negative, then 99% chance patient does not have any hpv mediated precancerous lesions of the cervix / vagina! hpv dna tests alone (without pap) are also highly sensitive and specific (at or above 95%), meaning that they do not "miss" infections and generally to not "overdiagnose" infections. Several tests are approved for use. Each has it's own statistics. ...Read more
Very: Depends on which test you are speaking about... Culturebtesting for fonnorhea, chlamydia or herpes are extremely accurate, and urine or swab testing for bacterial dna for those are also very accurate. Hiv testing always has confirmatoey testing if the screen is positive and that is extremely accurate. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Same as before: Skin tests haven't changed: a small amount of liquid (ppd, or purified protein derivative) is injected under the skin on your forearm. The difference is that there is now a blood test (interferon-gamma release assays, such as quantiferon gold) that can be used in place of the skin test. ...Read more
What lab tests are needed to test for Ureaplasma overgrowth? Is quantitative PCR necessary? How about Multiplex PCR? I need to teach my gynecologist..
Complicated question: That's an in depth complicated question. Multiplex PCR tests for more than one gene, so a multiplex pcr would allow you to see which species of ureaplasma is present (there are two which cause human infection -urolyticum and parvum. The test may also include species of mycoplasm depending on the lab because they are commonly tested together. Quantitative PCR tells you the ...Read more
What HIV test is given to pregnant women an how effective are the test. Is additional testing needed after the first test is done an negative ?
HIV testing: I am not sure what your worries are. The tests are extremely effective. The doctors providing you or any women in this country know when to retest and what to do in almost every single possible scenarios. From an experts perspective there is nothing to be worrying about. ...Read more
Trying to find virus: Molecular testing usually means a test that looks for actual fragments of the virus. For example, a test to detect traces of actual herpes virus dna (such as from a swab of a suspicious broken skin sore) would likely show a positive result if herpes viruses are in the sore. Contrast that to a herpes igg positive blood test, which merely says the person has had herpes sometime during her life. ...Read more
ADHD is diagnosed by: clinical criteria of 6/9 or > significant symptoms of Inattention +/- Hyperactivity /Impulsivity that caused harmful dysfunction at home & school for 6 mos. or > by age 10, even if ADHD-Primarily Inattentive Type was not diagnosed in childhood. There are no biological markers; neuropsychological deficits found in people with ADHD are also found in people with other Neurodevelopmental Disorders. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
What STD's can be detected by a pap smear? How long does it take for results ? Does Pap smear show yeast bacterial vaginosis as well ? Hiv ? UTI?
See below: PAP smear is not designed to test for STDs. However it may reveal, herpes, HPV, trichhomonas, yeast and bacterial vaginosis. PAP results may a take a couple of weeks. Not finding these in a PAP smear does not exclude these infections. PAP does not reveal HIV. If you have a concern, you should see a doctor and get specific tests for the particular infection in question. For good health - Have a diet rich in fresh vegetables, fruits, whole grains, milk and milk products, nuts, beans, legumes, lentils and small amounts of lean meats. Avoid saturated fats. Drink enough water daily, so that your urine is mostly colorless. Exercise at least 150 minutes/week and increase the intensity of exercise gradually. Do not use tobacco, alcohol, weed or street drugs in any form. Practice safe sex. Get HPV vaccine. ...Read more
PAP smear: During a female pelvic exam the gynecologist will scrape the outside of the cervix and smear it on a microscope slide. The pathologist will look at this under a microscope and give a report. If its of concern then a sampling or biopsy if the cervix is taken to confirm or exclude a cancer. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
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