Doctor insights on:
How Is Hepatitis C Transmitted To Others
If I never knew I had hepatitis c. Why would I want to know in my late 50s? What difference will it make for me, others?
Hepatitis is an inflammatory condition of the liver. Almost all cases are caused by viruses, including most commonly hepatitis a, hepatitis b, and hepatitis c, or by toxins (eg alcohol). The liver swells, it doesn't work properly leading to a failure to detoxify some biochemical substances, and a failure to excrete bilirubin, leading to jaundice. Some cases are fatal, ...Read more
Blood borne disease: Transmitted in high risk situations. Most common are: IV drugs (sharing needles), or using nasal drugs, accidental needle stick in a healthcare worker, reused needles/medical equipment without sterilizing, sexually, tattoos, blood transfusion before june 1992 (as couldn't screen for hep c). Other risk factors are sharing razors, being incarcerated. A simple blood test can confirm if you have hep c ...Read more
What is the question: I am not sure what the question is. Hepatitis c cannot be transmitted by stool, vomit, or urine. However, if someone had cuts on the skin and came in contact with bloody stool that could be a risk. If someone is having unprotected sex via anal intercourse, that activity is risky for hepatitis c transmission due to small tears in the anal mucosa (thin tissue in that area). ...Read more
No: The hcv antibody indicates exposure to hcv at some point (which may have been 30 or more years ago). About 25% of these people will spontaneously clear the hcv through their own immune system. Their hcv RNA (viral load) will be negative (i usually repeat once to confirm). They do not have active infection and cannot transmit hcv to anyone else. ...Read more
Can hepatitis C be transmitted by a carrier's saliva, or is it only transmitted by blood or sexual contact?
Only by blood: Hepatitis c is usually transmitted by blood, including using an infected person's toothbrush or razor, or getting a tatoo using non-sterile instruments. Trans-nasal trassmission is also possible. Sexual transmission is controversial; possibly limited to rape or violent sexual acts where bleeding is encountered. ...Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
Not easily: Hiv would be very very unlikely. The virus dies quickly outside the body, elements in saliva provide protection from infection, you would have to have some sort of open wound, and there would have to be large # of viruses. Same is almost true for hep c except it doesn't die quite as quickly and it takes fewer viruses to infect. I do not know of any cases that have been transmitted by a toothbru. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Can a person get hepatitis c from only a dental cleaning? If so, how likely? No shots, they just used the scraper and other cleaning tools.
Universal Precaution: All dental offices follow a protocol called "Universal Precautions"... simply put, assume everyone is infected with something. To that end, masks, gloves, and other barriers are used, and all instruments are steam sterilized. In this way cross contamination is eliminated. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Hepatitis c is a virus that replicates (makes copies of itself) in the human liver. People can be infected by exposure to even very small amounts of blood. Over 20 to 40 years it can cause scarring of the liver, and severe scarring is called cirrhosis. People can be tested for exposure with an antibody test. If that is positive, they need a test for the virus itself ...Read more
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