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Doctor insights on: How Is Gerd Typically Diagnosed

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How is GERD typically diagnosed?

Clinical history: Usually just a good clinical history and response to acid reducers are enough to diagnose gerd. The gold standard is ph testing of the esophagus with either a catheter or capsule test. An endoscopy will show if there is erosive gerd. ...Read more

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Dr. David Earle
1,345 doctors shared insights

Gerd (Definition)

It is normal to have some gastroesophageal reflux (ger). It becomes a disease( gerd) when it causes organ damage (imflammation of the esophagus, or barrett's esophagus), it has a significant negative impact on your life, or requires dependence ...Read more


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How is esophagitis typically diagnosed?

How is esophagitis typically diagnosed?

Endoscopy: Though there are features seen in a ct scan and barium swallow which are suggestive of esophagitis, the only (and best way) to definitively make the diagnosis is with an endoscopy. ...Read more

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How is chlamydia typically diagnosed?

How is chlamydia typically diagnosed?

Swab or urine : Chlamydia is detected by sending a sample of urine or by sending a cotton swab the has been in contact with the cervix or penis. The lab will then test for the presence of chlamydia dna providing a very accurate diagnosis of chlamydia. ...Read more

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How is fibromyalgia typically diagnosed?

How is fibromyalgia typically diagnosed?

Hands-on exam: There is no blood test, image (x-ray, mri) test, or procedure (biopsy, EMG test). The test for fibromyalgia is the history and physical exam of a skilled physician who knows the diagnostic criteria for fibromyalgia. That exam includes palpation of the defined 'tender points' of fibromyalgia--you must have at least 11 of 18. You must also meet the other diagnostic criteria to have fibromyalgia. ...Read more

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How is galactorrhea typically diagnosed?

How is galactorrhea typically diagnosed?

By symptoms: Galactorrhea is diagnosed by symptoms. It is usually due to an elevation in your prolactin level, a hormone secreted from the pituitary gland. Prolactin can be elevated due to a tumor or by excessive nipple stimulation. Pituitary gland is located between the optic chiasm in the brain. If galactorrhea is due to a pituitary gland tumor, patient may have visual changes and/or headaches. ...Read more

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What are the symptoms for acid reflux in infants, how is it diagnosed and how is it treated?

What are the symptoms for acid reflux in infants, how is it diagnosed and how is it treated?

Symptoms vary: Infants normally spit up some following ingestion of liquids. Severity of reflux is judged by volume, frequency and weight gain. Symptoms include frequent spitting up, irritability, refusal to eat, and lack of normal weight gain. If reflux or vomiting several hours after meal, means also slow gastric emptying.Antireflux meds may not help. Ugi, nm gastric emptying, ph probe tests may be used to dx. ...Read more

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How is lumbago typically diagnosed?

How is lumbago typically diagnosed?

Evaulation: Lumbago is a fancy medical word for low back pain. It is diagnosed via performing a history and examination of the patient. Most cases respond within 8-10 days treated with NSAID medication, short term rest (about 24 hrs), and resuming ambulation. Severe cases (continuing pain, leg pains, weakness, neurologic symptoms, bowel/bladder issues) require radiology studies and advanced management. ...Read more

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How is lcis typically diagnosed?

How is lcis typically diagnosed?

Biopsy: Patients with lobular carcinoma in situ (lcis) typically do not have any symptoms and the abnormality cannot usually be seen on mammograms. It is usually diagnosed when a breast biopsy is performed for other reasons, such as an unrelated breast lump. The examination of the tissue by a pathologist under a microscope shows the abnormal cells found in lcis. ...Read more

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How is barrett's esophagus typically treated?

How is barrett's esophagus typically treated?

Anti reflux Rx: Be is a complication of chronic reflux; may be painless. Cells in lower esophagus look like intestinal cells, would be ok if they weren't esoph. Cells; less resistant to chemical onslaught. Pre-cancerous. 1% of barrett's pts. May develop adeno (gland) ca of esoph. Rx with aggressive med rx, ppi twice a day, and follow up endoscopy to check for "dysplasia"-more cancer-like; can remove by scope. ...Read more

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How is cfs typically treated?

How is cfs typically treated?

Symptomatic: Treatment of cfs focuses on the relief of symptoms. Lifestyle changes, eating a healthy whole food based diet. Improved sleep habits, going to bed and getting up at the same time each day. Use of either supplements or medications to help improve the quality of sleep, energy and reduce pain, gradually increasing exercise, cognitive behavioral therapy, all can help. ...Read more

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How is appendicitis typically diagnosed ?

How is appendicitis typically diagnosed ?

Medical Evaluation: The diagnosis of appendicitis is made by taking a careful history of one's symptoms, doing a careful physical exam, and performing basic laboratory work. If the diagnosis is unclear, a ct of the abdomen, or, less frequently, an ultrasound may aid in making the correct diagnosis. ...Read more

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How is dysphagia diagnosed?

How is dysphagia diagnosed?

Formal evaluation: A formal evaluation is necessary and referral to a speech language pathologist may be indicated. Test used to evaluate dysphagia include a video fluoroscopic swallowing study or a fiber optic endoscopic swallowing evaluation. These tests are not necessary in all cases. Consult your physician for evaluation. ...Read more

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How is asthma treated usually?

How is asthma treated usually?

Inhalers: Most people with asthma will need a bronchodilator (albuterol) for acute symptoms, and often will also need an inhaled steroid (flovent, azmacort, (triamcinolone) or similar) to prevent chronic symptoms. Allergy avoidance is also important. ...Read more

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How is dcis typically detected and diagnosed?

How is dcis typically detected and diagnosed?

Biopsy: Ductal carcinoma in situ (dcis) is initially seen on mammogram as a cluster of abnormal microscopic calcifications in the breast. A biopsy is then done to obtain a sample of the area of breast tissue in question. When the biopsy tissue is examined under a microscope it will definitively diagnose the dcis cells. ...Read more

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How is COPD diagnosed and treated?

How is COPD diagnosed and treated?

COPD...: COPD is diagnosed by clinical symptoms in conjunction with pulmonary function tests. Treatment usually consists of bronchodilator and steroid inhalers. Oxygen therapy is prescribed if the oxygen level is low. Smoking cessation is also essential to decrease airway inflammation. ...Read more

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How is fibromyalgia typically treated?

How is fibromyalgia typically treated?

Pain pills: 3 meds are FDA approved & are non-opiate pain pills. None proven to improve sleep disorder, a sentinel FM symptom. Alternative therapies treat various FM causal factors: weight loss, improved muscle tone & mass via aquatherapy, improved sleep & pain control with cannabis, pelvic girdle stabilization with SIJ belt & Prolotherapy, & mindfulness therapy for depression. ...Read more

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How is a fissure generally diagnosed?

How is a fissure generally diagnosed?

Clinical ; exam: The most common description is if one is "passing shards of glass". Usually a physician can identify telltale signs of an anal fissure on a gentle but close exam. ...Read more

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How is asthma diagnosed?

How is asthma diagnosed?

Lung testing.: Asthma involves inflammation, muscle spasm and mucus production in the airways. It is diagnosed by history, physical exam, and lung function testing. Patients often complain of chest tightness, wheezing, cough, and shortness of breath. It can occur in any age group, although it is the most common chronic illness in children. ...Read more

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How is gastroparesis diagnosed?

How is gastroparesis diagnosed?

Gastroparesis Dx: The 'gold standard' is a radiology study called a 'gastric emptying study'. That being said, certain conditions identified during upper endoscopy can be diagnostic. For example a large bezoar - a mass of undigested food (typically) is usually diagnostic. ...Read more

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Dr. Charles Cattano
1,501 doctors shared insights

Heartburn (Definition)

A painful burning sensation in the esophagus, just below or behind the breastbone. The pain often rises in your chest and may radiate to ...Read more