Doctor insights on:
How Is Costochondritis Detected
Symptoms and imaging: People usually present with symptoms -- eg, fever, chills, night sweats, fatigue, lymph node enlargement, spleen enlargement, etc. Then (or sometimes incidentally) abnormal lymph nodes are noted on ct scans. A biopsy (of lymph nodes and/or bone marrow) is needed for diagnosis. Less often blood abnormalities show a leukemic (blood) component of lymphoma or other abnormalities. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Biopsy: Ductal carcinoma in situ (dcis) is initially seen on mammogram as a cluster of abnormal microscopic calcifications in the breast. A biopsy is then done to obtain a sample of the area of breast tissue in question. When the biopsy tissue is examined under a microscope it will definitively diagnose the dcis cells. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Eye exam and testing: Usually a glaucoma evaluation is triggered when the optic nerve appears large, the eye pressure is measured high, the peripheral vision is diminished, or the front part of the eye appears narrow. At that point a full glaucoma workup is performed including imaging of the optic nerves and visual fields to confirm progressive damage. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Symptom, signs: And imaging, then a biopsy. Cough, wt loss, history of smoking leads to an x-ray, then a ct scan showing location and what else seemingly is involved. A biopsy through a scope or a needle directed by the imaging ct collects cells for analysis. Treatment depends on what is involved, how healthy you are, and what you tolerate. ...Read moreSee 3 more doctor answers
Exam and X-ray. : Pneumothorax is first and foremost diagnosed clinically based on symptoms (shortness of breath, increased breathing, oxygen requirement) and by listening to the chest (decreased breath sounds). It should be confirmed by chest x-ray. If a small pneumothorax is present, physical exam is less reliable and a chest x-ray should be done. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Tincture of time +: Most cases of pleurisy are viral caused, so that time--usually under three weeks--will heal. Ice application alternating with heat may help. Analgesics such as acetaminophen, ibuprofen, naproxyn (aspirin related medication) will bring relief. If very severe--codeine. But if caused by infection, blood clot to the lung, traumatic bleeding, or immune reaction, must DX and rx specifically. ...Read more
Single heart artery: =rare, currently recognizable only by angiography. Most people have 2 heart arteries: left main (supplying front & left side) & right coronary (supplying right side & inferior wall). Rarely, left main is very short or people have seperate origins of the left anterior descending and circumflex branches. The big issue issue is atherosclerosis leading to plaque ruptures, clots, narrowing, closure. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
A severe foot sprain: In the midfoot between the 1st and 2nd metatarsal-cuneiform joints is the lisfranc ligament. If it is severely injured, the metatarsals can move laterally and the midfoot becomes unstable. If the injury is mild, immobilization may be adequate. If severe, surgical repair produces the best result. ...Read more
Usually nothing: Most people, if you go looking, have lung nodules and most are benign scar-like reactions in the lung, and therefore they don't need to be treated any more than a freckle or mole on your skin needs to be treated. Just like moles, some lung nodules (<4% in high risk people) can be cancer and should be followed to see if they change. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Right heart failure : Cor pulmonale refers to the altered structure (eg, hypertrophy or dilatation) and/or impaired function of the right ventricle that results from pulmonary hypertension that is associated with diseases of the lung, vasculature, upper airway or chest wall. Usually it's a clinical diagnosis but chest X-ray, echo, right heart cath, pulmonary function test can be abnormal, thus supporting diagnosis. ...Read more
Regular Screening : Early cancers can be detected by timely screening per recommended guidelines. Screening programs have the potential to detect early cancers and impact survival for patients. Standard screening- mammograms for breast cancer, pap smears for cervical cancer, colonoscopy for colorectal cancers, psa & rectal exam for prostate need to be implemented through your doctors. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Mesothelioma: Under the microscope , mesothelioma can be classified into 2 major types , epithelioid and scarcomatoid. The sarcomatoid (meaning resembling sarcoma or soft tissue cancer) has a worse prognosis and does not usually respond well to chemotherapy. Hence the best treatment is complete surgical resection when possible. ...Read more
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