Doctor insights on:
How Is Cleft Lip Caused
Mouth (mouth) " n. Pl. Mouths 1. A. The body opening through which an animal takes in food. B. The cavity lying at the upper end of the alimentary canal, bounded on the outside by the lips and inside by the oropharynx and containing in higher vertebrates the tongue, gums, and teeth. C. This cavity regarded as the source of sounds and speech. D. The opening to any cavity or canal ...Read more
Medical Team: Cleft lip and palate repair requires a medical team made up of several specailists. The end goal is to surgically repair the defect in a way that maintains functionality of lips, palate, and associated structures, as well as to create an esthetic looking result. Repair may includes surgery and may require appliance wear as well as other therapies along the way. ...Read moreSee 3 more doctor answers
Incomplete closure: During development of the fetus the palate and upper lip start separated from each other. During development the palate and lip come together and ultimately fuse. Rarely the palate doesn't fuse leading to a space between the two sides (cleft palate) or the lip doesn't fuse (cleft lip) or both fail to fuse (cleft lip and palate). ...Read moreSee 3 more doctor answers
Birth defect: A cleft is a birth defect that occurs when the tissues of the lip and/or palate of the fetus do not fuse very early in pregnancy. A cleft lip, sometimes referred to as a harelip, is an opening in the upper lip that can extend into the base of the nostril. A cleft palate is an opening in the roof of the mouth. ...Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
Related but separate: A cleft, in general, refers to the incomplete or complete fusion of tissue during embryo development. A cleft lip refers to the incomplete or complete fusion of the upper lip skin and muscle, whereas the palate is the hard and soft tissue at the roof of the mouth. These structures are separate but can be associated with each other. ...Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
Rare in the U.S.: Most children born with cleft lips or palates in the U.S. Have them repaired when they are still infants. However, it is possible to see adults in some developing countries who never had the opportunity to have surgery as a child. Often they are social outcasts because of their appearance. ...Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
Common birth defect: Cleft lip(cl) and palate (CP) are among the most common of all congenital deformity. The incicence is rising due to environmental teratogens, lower neonatal mortality, increased marriage and child bearing among cleft patients. They are most common in american indian(3.7/1000), japanese (2.7/1000), chinese (2/1000), caucasian (1.7/1000), black (.4/1000). Cl more common in male, CP more in female. ...Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
Yes: Like any syndrome, treacher collins can have a number of different features associated with it. Cleft palate as well as other distinguishing features: small zygomatic bones and mandibles, external ear abnormalities, coloboma (notching) of the lower eyelid, absence of the lower eyelashes, and preauricular hair displacement onto the cheeks. About 40%-50% of individuals have conductive hearing loss. ...Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
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