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Doctor insights on: How Is A Screening For Cervical Cancer Performed

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How is a screening for cervical cancer performed?

How is a screening for cervical cancer performed?

PAP smear: During a female pelvic exam the gynecologist will scrape the outside of the cervix and smear it on a microscope slide. The pathologist will look at this under a microscope and give a report. If its of concern then a sampling or biopsy if the cervix is taken to confirm or exclude a cancer. ...Read more

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Dr. Barry Rosen
4,342 doctors shared insights

Cancer (Definition)

Cancer is a group of diseases that is characterized by uncontrolled cell growth leading to invasion of surrounding tissues that spread to other parts of the body. Cancer can begin anywhere in the body and is usually related to one or more genetic mutations that allow normal cells to become malignant by interfering with internal cellular control mechanisms, such as programmed cell death or by preventing ...Read more


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Is a pap smear a good tool for general cancer detection or is it only specific to cervical cancer?

Is a pap smear a good tool for general cancer detection or is it only specific to cervical cancer?

Usually, yes: A cervical cytology (pap smear) is scraped along the cervix usually, but can also be scraped along the vaginal wall. Squamous lesions (dysplasia or carcinoma) are the most commonly found. However, endometrial tumors are shed through the cervix into the vagina. Certain sarcomas (rhabdomyosarcoma: malignant skeletal muscle tumor) can also be found. Generally, a pap is an excellent screening tool. ...Read more

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What is a cervical cancer screening?

What is a cervical cancer screening?

PAP smear: The most reliable screen for cervical cancer is a physical examination by your gynecologist accompanied by a gentle scraping of the cervix to remove cells which are analyzed microscopically in the lab for signs of cancerous or precancerous changes. Pap smears have been proven to lower a woman's risk of dying from cervical cancer if performed regularly after becoming sexually active. ...Read more

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How effective is a digital rectal exam for cancer screening?

How effective is a digital rectal exam for cancer screening?

Do the Math: The length of the colon and rectum is about 5 feet, so a digital exam, although important, will only find tumors within a few inches of the anus. Colonoscopy remains the "gold standard" for colorectal ca screening. ...Read more

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Is there a screening test for penile cancer?

Is there a screening test for penile cancer?

Yes: The best screening test is self examination. Self examination makes the diagnosis. Biopsy confirms. Penile cancer while rare in the USA happens more commonly in men with uncircumcised penis; it is extremely rare to non-existent in men with a circumcised penis. The most effective screen is self examination. The most effective prevention is the circumcision particularly before 1 year of life. ...Read more

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Is there a screening test for esophageal cancer?

Is there a screening test for esophageal cancer?

Upper endoscopy: We do not perform routine screening for esophageal cancer. In japan where the risk of esophageal cancer is higher there is greater use of this test for screening. When patients do have symptoms of difficulty swallowing, pain on swallowing, hemoptysis (vomiting blood), anemic for unknown cause, heart burn not responsive to medication, episgastric pain (pain upper mid abdomen), endoscopy is needed. ...Read more

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Is a hysterectomy the only cure out there for early detection cervical cancer?

Is a hysterectomy the only cure out there for early detection cervical cancer?

No: A hysterectomy is not really a way of detecting cervical cancer. An annual pap smear is used to detect precancerous changes. If abnormal the next step is an exam under a microscope followed by a biopsy. These are ways of detecting cancer and precancerous changes. A hysterectomy is a treatment option in early stages of cervical cancer. ...Read more

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What is the procedure for getting tests done for testicular cancer?

What is the procedure for getting tests done for testicular cancer?

Ultrasound, blood: Scrotal ultrasound is the initial test. In addition a blood test for 2 tumor markers are also neccessary prior to any procedure to determine a baseline so that the blood test can be used as a monitoring system after defintive treatment. ...Read more

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Is there a screening test for lung cancer?

Is there a screening test for lung cancer?

Yes: There are new recommendations from the us preventive services task force (uspstf) on ct screening to detect lung cancer."up to 20, 000 deaths a year from lung cancer might be prevented by annual screenings of generally healthy people who have smoked a pack a day for 30 or more years (or the equivalent such as 2 packs a day for 15 yrs) who are ages 55 to 79 and have smoked within the past 15 years.". ...Read more

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When someone gets tested for cervical cancer.. Is pap a screen or diagnostic test?

When someone gets tested for cervical cancer.. Is pap a screen or diagnostic test?

Screening test: Pap smear is a screening test for cervical cancer. If your papmsear is abnormal then further evaluation would be needed to establish a diagnosis. ...Read more

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How reliable is a frozen section for diagnosing cancer?

How reliable is a frozen section for diagnosing cancer?

Very. But it: Is considered preliminary until the permanent sections are fixed, stained and read. Rarely the diagnosis is revised finding things not seen on frozen. ...Read more

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Is a pap smear enough to diagnose cervical cancer, or is biopsy necessary?

Depends: Pap smear is usually a screening tool that if abnormal prompts one to do a colposcopy with biopsy to definitively diagnose cervical cancer. Although ca in situ can be seen initially with a pap smear. ...Read more

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What is the best screening for ovarian cancer?

What is the best screening for ovarian cancer?

None: There are no screening tests for ovarian cancer that have proven to be benifical. Ca-125 marker testing, pelvic us, pelvic exams have not been conclusivly demonstrated to improve outcomes. The best thing to do would be to ask your doctor what he/she feel is right for you in your situation. ...Read more

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Will a pap smear tell if there is cancer in the uterus; cervical stenosis being main symptom or does it only work for cervical cancers?

Will a pap smear tell if there is cancer in the uterus; cervical stenosis being main symptom or does it only work for cervical cancers?

Mostly cervical: Pap tests are a screening test for cervical cancer. In some cases endometrial cells are present (cells from lining of uterus). In some of these cases it is an indication of uterine cancer. You are at a very young age for this. If endometrial cells are present on pap, the doctor may want to do an endometrial biopsy (biopsy of cells of lining of uterus) to determine what the problem is. ...Read more

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What can be done for a cervical cancer recurrence in the uterus?

What can be done for a cervical cancer recurrence in the uterus?

If possible: Total pelvic organ removal (exenteration) is offered, which would require urinary and fecal drainage bags. Chemotherapy may cause response, improve survival, but is not curative by itself. If radiotherapy was not used with initial treatment, at can be used. ...Read more

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Which test is recommended for checking that prostate cancer is organ-contained? A needle biopsy or a Trans-rectal MRI?

Which test is recommended for checking that prostate cancer is organ-contained?  A needle biopsy or a Trans-rectal MRI?

Radiography: Needle biopsy will only reveal tumor cells within the prostate gland. Usually, multiple core biopsies are obtained as cancer cells can be scattered throughout the prostate gland. To determine if the cancer has spread beyond the prostate locally, transrectal ultrasound or MRI would be more appropriate. To evaluate for metastatic disease, CT or PET scanning would be modalities of choice. ...Read more

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Is mastectomy really necessary for a cancer patient?

Is mastectomy really necessary for a cancer patient?

Depends: As much as possible, most surgeons do not recommend complete mastectomy surgery for breast cancer unless there is no other surgical option. Lumpectomy or partial mastectomy can be done for some patients. Reasons for mastectomy may be large cancers, ulcerating cancer, inflammatory cancer, multiple sites of cancers, extensive dcis , cancer already metastatic. Ask your oncologist for opinion too. ...Read more

Screening (Definition)

Examples are: colonoscopy for colon polyp or cancer; mammograms for breast lesions or cancer; psa a blood test that could indicate enlargement of cancerous prostate tissue; blood sugar or hemoglobin a!c for diabetes. Many think that scanning the whole body will pick up a cancer--in all likelihood, it will not. There also is no good blood test, yet, ...Read more


Dr. Gurmukh Singh
583 doctors shared insights

Cervical Cancer (Definition)

An uncontrolled proliferation of cells of the cervical tissue (mucosal lining cells or stroma) due to certain mutations. High risk HPV viruses ...Read more